From “The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual”, By William Kitchiner, 1830
Boil a couple of eggs for twelve minutes, and put them in a basin of cold water for a few minutes; the yelks must be quite cold and hard, or they will not incorporate with the ingredients. Rub them through a sieve with a wooden spoon, and mix them with a table-spoonful of water, or fine double cream; then add two table-spoonfuls of oil or melted butter; when these are well mixed, add, by degrees, a tea-spoonful of salt, or powdered lump sugar, and the same of made mustard: when these are smoothly united, add very gradually three...
The 7th South Carolina Infantry brought an estimated 408 officers and enlisted men to Gettysburg, but it was composed of 12 companies (A through M) instead of the usual ten. Company E, if of average size, would have had about three officers and 30 men. Many of its members had belonged to an antebellum militia unit known as the “Mount Willing Guards,” and enlisted in their county (Edgefield District) on April 15, 1861, forming Company E.
So this is a nice little gold badge for the 140th New York in the shape of the Maltese cross of the 5th Corps of the Army of the Potomac. What makes this badge really interesting however is it’s recipient. On the back it is engraved to a Martin W. Haight of Rochester NY.
Martin Haight enlisted at age 22 in Rochester, New York. He was lightly engaged with his regiment at Fredericksburg. However the regiment’s first real combat occurred on May 1 1863, the first day at Chancellorsville. The 140th was in Sykes Brigade (his famous regulars) and was hotly engaged on May 1. Fighting against McLaws brigade of the AoNV along the Orange Turnpike. The 140th suffered 21 killed wounded and missing...
Gilbert R. Merritt was, like many young men, chomping at the bit to join the fight. Unfortunately for his ambitions, he was thousands of miles from the fighting.
The California Gold Rush drew many young men from the East with the promise of riches, and Merritt was among them. Though many transplanted Californians who enlisted with the hope of fighting rebels wound up instead on garrison duty or Indian fighting in the West, Merritt was lucky enough to join the famous California Cavalry Battalion, the select few horsemen who were shipped around Cape Horn to join the Second Massachusetts Cavalry.
His roller coaster of luck ended in the trough when he was kicked by a horse in camp...
The Confederate Monument near the Hornet's Nest, scene of the success of the first day's battle. The figures on either end represent l. to r. an exasperated cavalryman unable to negotiate the dense woodland; an officer resigned to the eventual outcome of the battle; an artilleryman with his sponge staff peering through the smoke of the battle; and a still-defiant infantryman. The central group represents the South surrendering the laurel wreath of Victory to Death which came to her commander, Albert Sidney Johnston whose portrait bust is seen below them, and Night which brought Union reenforcements.
During the fall of Richmond, during the early morning hours of April 3, 1865, the sailors in the battery below Drury's Bluff, under Captain John Randolph Tucker, received notice of the evacuation and were ordered to join GW Custis Lee's division. In the classic Four Years Under Marse Robert, author Maj. Robert Stiles recalled this amusing incident which occurred as Captain Tucker, Confederate States Navy, attempted to align his sailors, fighting as infantry, at the Battle of Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865:
I remember, in all the discomfort and wretchedness of the retreat, we had been no little amused by the Naval...
Lincoln’s Looking Over McClellan’s Well Trained Soldiers
(a song parody to the tune: “I’m Looking Over a 4-Leaf Clover”)
I’m looking over my well trained soldiers, but I don’t know what to do.
Lincoln is screaming - in my left ear,
get those men moving - sometime this year.
I think it’s certain, career is curtains, must move my men to fight,
I’ll move when I’m ready, slow and steady, towards Lee’s army twice my might.
Onward to Richmond, that’s my commission, I’ll get these men to fight.
Watching and counting - Lee’s vast army,
they’re coming by thousands - I’m going to get beat.
Lincoln keeps pressing, I keep him guessing, my plans are for me alone.
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The American Civil War
The American Civil War, arguably the most traumatic event in the history of the United States, was fought from 1861 to 1865, and was the culmination of sectional issues which deeply divided the country between a pro-Federal government North and a pro-states rights, in the pro-slavery South, whose eleven states formed a breakaway government called the Confederate States of America. The costliest war in terms of human lives, the American Civil War claimed in excess of 620,000 battle or disease-related deaths - roughly two percent of the country's total population, and nearly more deaths than all other American wars combined.