Virgin Drinks Miss Beecher's Cranberry Tea
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miss beecher's cranberry tea
(from Miss Beecher's Domestic Receipt Book by Catherine Esther Beecher, 1846)


boiling water​


Wash ripe cranberries, mash them, pour boiling water on them, and then strain off the water and sweeten it, and grate on nutmeg.​
Cranberries by Mariluna [

Torpedo at Battery Wagner Telegraph HQ, July/August 1863

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So I'm looking at Swamp Angel images on the LOC site and notice something weird -
Title [Morris Island, South Carolina. Headquarters of field officer of the trenches. Second parallel]

Things I see
1) The torpedo has been disarmed - note the hole below the bottle
2) The middle soldier's smirk is priceless and his bandaged index finger is a lost story
3) The left soldier has some interesting facings on his jacket.
4) What's up with that bottle?
5) Attention model makers - this'd make a great diorama.
6) Just noticed - does the Corporal on the right have a brimless kepi?...
Was there an explicit three-to-one rule during the ACW for attacking an entrenched position?
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Some historians have written that, during the Civil War, commanders used a rule-of-thumb that an attacker needed at least a three-to-one numerical advantage to attack an entrenched defensive position.

Whether this is really a valid rule is interesting, but my real question is this: Can anyone point to a explicit Civil-War-era statement of this rule in any kind of source contemporary to the war?

I'm researching the use of fortifications during the war and am interested in the value of entrenchments as a deterrent. So what I would love to see is any quote from a Civil War commander, a military manual, a primary source of some kind, even a newspaper, expressly stating that a three-to-one...
Watercolour of Union Army Officer for ID
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This watercolour portrait of a Union Army officer was purchased in England (where I am based) and was sold as having being painted contemporaneously to the civil war era, this was supported by a second opinion, but certainly requires further validation to be 100%.

Not that it particularly matters to me as I purchased it because I like it regardless of when it was painted, but it would be nice to think he had sat for it rather than it being copied from a cabinet card / photo at a later date.

I know its a remote chance at best, but would love to put a name to him, as that would then open up research possibilities into his military career and personal life.

Thank you.


CivilWarTalk Presents:

Brian F. Swartz author of Passing Through the Fire: Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain in the Civil War

Passing Through the Fire: Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain in the Civil War chronicles Chamberlain’s swift transition from college professor and family man to regimental and brigade commander. A natural leader, he honed his fighting skills at Shepherdstown and Fredericksburg. Praised by his Gettysburg peers for leading the 20th Maine Infantry’s successful defense of Little Round Top—an action that would eventually earn him Civil War immortality—Chamberlain experienced his most intense combat after arriving at Petersburg. Drawing on Chamberlain’s extensive memoirs and writings and multiple period sources, historian Brian F. Swartz follows Chamberlain across Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia while examining the determined warrior who let nothing prevent him from helping save the United States.

See Brian F. Swartz author of Passing Through the Fire: Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain in the Civil War in a Free Live Video Presentation on Zoom!

Wednesday, July 28, 2021, at 8:30pm EDT

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{⋆★⋆} LG Forrest, Nathan Bedford

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Nathan Bedford Forrest

Before War.jpg


Nathan Bedford Forrest
amassed substantial wealth as a cotton plantation owner, horse and cattle trader, real estate broker, and slave trader in Tennessee before the war began. In June 1861, he enlisted in the Confederate Army, one of the few officers during the war to enlist as a private and be promoted to general without any prior military training. As an expert cavalry leader, Forrest was given command of a corps and established new doctrines for mobile forces, earning the nickname "The Wizard of the Saddle". His...

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The American Civil War, arguably the most traumatic event in the history of the United States, was fought from 1861 to 1865, and was the culmination of sectional issues which deeply divided the country between a pro-Federal government North and a pro-states rights, in the pro-slavery South, whose eleven states formed a breakaway government called the Confederate States of America. The costliest war in terms of human lives, the American Civil War claimed in excess of 620,000 battle or disease-related deaths - roughly two percent of the country's total population, and nearly more deaths than all other American wars combined.

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CWT Presents Replay

Stephen M. Hood: Patriots Twice - S1E8
Former Confederates and the Building of America after the Civil War

Did the South Have the Right to Secede?

  • 1. Because Civil War generals employed outdated tactics?

    Votes: 12 33.3%
  • 2. Because it lasted four years?

    Votes: 6 16.7%
  • 3. Because death and sickness due to disease were common in that era, especially in cities?

    Votes: 25 69.4%
  • 4. Because the United States did not fully and properly engage its advantage in naval power?

    Votes: 2 5.6%
  • 5. Because Grant was a butcher?

    Votes: 1 2.8%
  • 6. Because Jefferson Davis did not want to admit that the Confederacy was beaten?

    Votes: 2 5.6%
  • 7. Because minie`ball wounds could not be treated with existing medical technology?

    Votes: 10 27.8%
  • 8. Because casualties of both combatants are counted as US casualties?

    Votes: 11 30.6%