★  MOH Robinson, John Cleveland

John Cleveland Robinson

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Robinson.jpg


Born: April 10, 1817

Birthplace: Binghamton, New York

Father: Tracy Robinson 1778 – 1855
(Buried: Spring Forest Cemetery, Binghamton, New York)​

Mother: Sarah Cleveland 1776 – 1866
(Buried: Spring Forest Cemetery, Binghamton, New York)​

Wife: Sarah Maria Pease 1822 – 1892
(Buried: Spring Forest Cemetery, Binghamton, New York)​

Children:

Sarah Marshall Robinson 1843 – 1847​
Lorrain Tracy Robinson 1845 – 1846​
Helen Morgan Robinson 1849 – 1851​
John Marshall Robinson 1851 – 1910​
Cleveland Robinson 1856 – 1916​
(Buried: Spring Forest Cemetery, Binghamton, New York)​
Caroline Pease Robinson 1866 –​

Education:

1835 – 1838: Attended West Point Military Academy, Member of Class of 1839, Did not Graduate​
1838: Expelled from West Point for insubordination​

Occupation before War:

1839 – 1846: 2nd Lt. United States Army Infantry​
Regimental and Brigade Quartermaster in Mexican – American War​
1846 – 1850: 1st Lt. United States Army Infantry​
1850 – 1861: Captain, United States Army, Infantry​
Commander of Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland​

Civil War Career:

1861: Union Army Recruiting Officer in Detroit, Michigan​
1861: Helped Ohio Governor raise troops in Dennison, Ohio​
1861 – 1862: Colonel of 1st Michigan Infantry Regiment​
1861 – 1866: Major United States Army​
1862 – 1865: Brigadier General Union Army Infantry​
1862: Struck by a piece of Shell at Broad Run, Virginia​
1862: Served in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia​
1863: Served in the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia​
1863: Division Commander at the Battle of Gettysburg​
Brevetted Lt. Colonel for his gallantry in the Battle of Gettysburg​
Brevetted Colonel for his gallantry in the Mine Run Campaign​
1864: Division Commander in the Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia
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1864: Served in the Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia​
1864: While serving with U.S. Volunteers, in action at Laurel Hill, Virginia, lead brigade in a charge upon the enemy's breastworks; and was severely wounded.
1864: Wounded in the left knee joint, he underwent an amputation of the lower femur due to fracture​
1865: Confirmed Brevet as Major General​
Commander of the Military District of Northern New York​
Assigned to the Freedmen’s Bureau in North Carolina​
1866: Confirmed Brevet as Brigadier General in U.S. Army​
1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on September 1st

Occupation after War:

1866 – 1869: Colonel in the United States Army​
1866: Confirmed Brevet as Major General in U.S. Army​
1867 – 1868: U.S. Army Commander, Department of the South​
1868 – 1869: U.S. Army Commander, Department of the Lakes​
1869: Retired from United States Army on May 6th as Major General​
1873 – 1874: Lt. Governor of New York​
1877 – 1879: Commander – in – Chief of Grand Army of the Republic​
President of the Society of Army of the Potomac​
1893 – 1897: Completely Blind and deaf in his right Ear​
1894: Recieved Medal of Honor for extraordinary heroism on May 8, 1864, at Laurel Hill, Virginia​

Died: February 18, 1897

Place of Death: Binghamton, New York

Cause of Death: Chronic Bright’s disease and Old Age

Age at time of Death: 79 years old

Burial Place: Spring Forest Cemetery, Binghamton, New York


Medal of Honor
Citation
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Brigadier General John Cleveland Robinson, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 8 May 1864, while serving with U.S. Volunteers, in action at Laurel Hill, Virginia. Brigadier General Robinson placed himself at the head of the leading brigade in a charge upon the enemy's breastworks; was severely wounded.
 
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