Ω Provisional Congress of the Confederate States (Founded 2/1861)

:CSA1stNat: Provisional Congress of the Confederate States :CSA1stNat:

February 4, 1861 - February 17, 1862​


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Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery, Alabama, 1861

The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States was a congress of deputies and delegates called together from the Southern States which became the governing body of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States from February 4, 1861, to February 17, 1862. It sat in Montgomery, Alabama, until May 21, 1861, when it adjourned to meet in Richmond, Virginia, on July 20, 1861. It added new members as other states seceded from the Union and directed the election on November 6, 1861, at which a permanent government was elected.

Leadership​

Members​

Deputies​

Deputies from the first seven states to secede formed the first two sessions of the Congress.​

Alabama
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  • Richard W. Walker
  • Robert H. Smith
  • Colin J. McRae
  • John Gill Shorter(resigned November 1861)
    • Cornelius Robinson (took his seat on April 29, 1861 – Elected to fill vacancy; resigned January 24, 1862)
  • W. P. Chilton
  • Stephen F. Hale
  • David P. Lewis (resigned April 29, 1861)
    • Nic. Davis, Jr. (took his seat on April 29, 1861 – Elected to fill vacancy)
  • Thomas Fearn (resigned April 29, 1861)
    • H. C. Jones (took his seat on April 29, 1861 – Elected to fill vacancy)
  • J. L. M. Curry
Florida
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  • J. Patton Anderson(resigned April 8, 1861)
    • George Taliaferro Ward (took his seat on May 2, 1861 – Elected to fill vacancy; resigned February 5, 1862)
    • John Pease Sanderson (took his seat on February 5, 1862 – Appointed to fill vacancy)
  • James B. Owens
  • Jackson Morton (took his seat on February 6, 1861)
Georgia
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Louisiana
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  • John Perkins, Jr.
  • Alexander De Clouet
  • Charles M. Conrad
  • Duncan F. Kenner
  • Edward Sparrow
  • Henry Marshall
Mississippi
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  • A. M. Clayton(resigned May 11, 1861)
    • Alexander Blackburn Bradford (took his seat on December 5, 1861 – Elected to fill vacancy)
  • James T. Harrison
  • William S. Barry
  • J. A. P. Campbell
  • Wiley P. Harris
  • Walker Brooke
  • William S. Wilson (resigned April 29, 1861)
    • J. A. Orr (took his seat on April 29, 1861 – Elected to fill vacancy)
South Carolina
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Texas
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  • John Gregg (took his seat on February 15, 1861)
  • Thomas N. Waul (took his seat on February 19, 1861)
  • W. S. Oldham (took his seat on March 2, 1861)
  • J. H. Reagan (took his seat on March 2, 1861)
  • John Hemphill (took his seat on March 2, 1861; died January 4, 1862)
  • W. B. Ochiltree (took his seat on March 2, 1861)
  • L. T. Wigfall (took his seat on March 2, 1861)

Delegates​

Representatives from states to secede after the Battle of Fort Sumter were referred to as delegates, in contrast to the deputies from the original seven states.​

Arkansas
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Kentucky
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Missouri
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North Carolina
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Tennessee
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  • John DeWitt Clinton Atkins
  • Robert Looney Caruthers
  • David Maney Currin
  • William Henry DeWitt
  • John Ford House
  • Thomas McKissick Jones
  • James Houston Thomas
Virginia
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Arizona Territory
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First Session​

The First Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Montgomery from February 4, 1861, to March 16, 1861. Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. It drafted a provisional constitution and set up a government. For president and vice-president, it selected Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia.​

Constitutional Convention​

The Confederate States of America Constitutional Convention was held at Montgomery from February 28, 1861, to March 11, 1861.​

Second Session​

The Second Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Montgomery from April 29, 1861, to May 21, 1861. Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, and Arkansas.​

Third Session​

The Third Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Richmond from July 20, 1861, to August 31, 1861. Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee.​

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Virginia State Capitol, Richmond, 1865

Fourth Session​

The Fourth Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Richmond on September 3, 1861. Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Javariion Millsap was the one to win​

Fifth Session​

The Fifth Session of the Provisional Congress was held at Richmond from November 18, 1861, to February 17, 1862. Members were present from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, Missouri, and Kentucky. One non-voting member was present from the Arizona Territory.​
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Congress_of_the_Confederate_States
 
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