Ω 38th United States Congress (Seated 3/1863)

:us34stars: 38th United States Congress :us34stars:

March 4, 1863 – March 4, 1865


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U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C., Inauguration Day, March 4, 1861.

52 Senators
184 Representatives
10 Non-Voting Delegates

Sessions:
Special
: March 4, 1863 – March 14, 1863
1st: December 7, 1863 – July 4, 1864
2nd: December 5, 1864 – March 3, 1865​

The 38th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1863, to March 4, 1865, during the last two years of the first administration of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighth Census of the United States in 1860. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House of Representatives had a Republican plurality.

Leadership

Senate​

  • President: Hannibal Hamlin (R)
  • President pro tempore: Solomon Foot (R), until April 13, 1864
    • Daniel Clark (R), elected April 26, 1864
Majority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives​

Majority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate​

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1864; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1866; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1868.

Alabama

  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

Arkansas

  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

California
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  • 1. John Conness (R)
  • 3. James A. McDougall (D)

Connecticut
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  • 1. James Dixon (R)
  • 3. La Fayette S. Foster (R)

Delaware
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  • 1. James A. Bayard, Jr.(D), until January 29, 1864
    • George R. Riddle (D), from February 2, 1864
  • 2. Willard Saulsbury, Sr. (D)

Florida

  • 1. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

Georgia

  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

Illinois​

Indiana
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Iowa
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  • 2. James W. Grimes (R)
  • 3. James Harlan (R)

Kansas
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Kentucky
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  • 2. Lazarus W. Powell (D)
  • 3. Garrett Davis (U)

Louisiana

  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

Maine
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  • 1. Lot M. Morrill (R)
  • 2. William P. Fessenden (R), until July 1, 1864
    • Nathan A. Farwell (R), from October 27, 1864

Maryland
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Massachusetts
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Michigan
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  • 1. Zachariah Chandler (R)
  • 2. Jacob M. Howard (R)

Minnesota
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Mississippi

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant

Missouri
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  • 1. John B. Henderson (UU)
  • 3. Robert Wilson (UU), until November 13, 1863

Nevada (newly admitted state)
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  • 1. William M. Stewart (R), from February 1, 1865
  • 3. James W. Nye (R), from February 1, 1865

New Hampshire
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New Jersey
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New York
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North Carolina

  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

Ohio
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Oregon​

Pennsylvania
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  • 1. Charles R. Buckalew (D)
  • 3. Edgar Cowan (R)

Rhode Island
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South Carolina

  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

Tennessee

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant

Texas

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant

Vermont
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Virginia​

  • 1. Lemuel J. Bowden (U), died January 2, 1864, vacant thereafter
  • 2. John S. Carlile (U)

West Virginia (newly admitted state)
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  • 1. Peter G. Van Winkle (UU), from August 4, 1863
  • 2. Waitman T. Willey (UU), from August 4, 1863

Wisconsin
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.

House of Representatives​

Members of the House of Representatives are listed by their districts.

Alabama

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant
  • 6. Vacant

Arkansas

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant

California
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All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  • At-large. Cornelius Cole (R)
  • At-large. William Higby (R)
  • At-large. Thomas B. Shannon (R)

Connecticut
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Delaware
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  • At-large. William Temple(D), until May 28, 1863
    • Nathaniel B. Smithers (UU), from December 7, 1863

Florida

  • At-large. Vacant

Georgia

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant
  • 6. Vacant
  • 7. Vacant

Illinois
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  • 1. Isaac N. Arnold (R)
  • 2. John F. Farnsworth (R)
  • 3. Elihu B. Washburne (R)
  • 4. Charles M. Harris (D)
  • 5. Owen Lovejoy(R), until March 25, 1864
    • Ebon C. Ingersoll (R), from May 20, 1864
  • 6. Jesse O. Norton (R)
  • 7. John R. Eden (D)
  • 8. John T. Stuart (D)
  • 9. Lewis W. Ross (D)
  • 10. Anthony L. Knapp (D)
  • 11. James C. Robinson (D)
  • 12. William R. Morrison (D)
  • 13. William J. Allen (D)
  • At-large. James C. Allen (D)

Indiana
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Iowa
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Kansas
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Kentucky
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  • 1. Lucien Anderson (UU)
  • 2. George H. Yeaman (U)
  • 3. Henry Grider (U)
  • 4. Aaron Harding (U)
  • 5. Robert Mallory (U)
  • 6. Green C. Smith (UU)
  • 7. Brutus J. Clay (U)
  • 8. William H. Randall (UU)
  • 9. William H. Wadsworth (U)

Louisiana

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant

Maine
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Maryland
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Massachusetts
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Michigan
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Minnesota
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Mississippi

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant

Missouri
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Nevada (newly admitted state)
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New Hampshire
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  • 1. Daniel Marcy (D)
  • 2. Edward H. Rollins (R)
  • 3. James W. Patterson (R)

New Jersey
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New York
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North Carolina

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant
  • 6. Vacant
  • 7. Vacant

Ohio
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Oregon​

  • At-large. John R. McBride (R)

Pennsylvania
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Rhode Island
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South Carolina

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant

Tennessee

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant
  • 6. Vacant
  • 7. Vacant
  • 8. Vacant

Texas

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant

Vermont
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Virginia

  • 1. Vacant
  • 2. Vacant
  • 3. Vacant
  • 4. Vacant
  • 5. Vacant
  • 6. Vacant
  • 7. Vacant
  • 8. Vacant
  • 9. Vacant, moved to West Virginia June 20, 1863
  • 10. Vacant, moved to West Virginia June 20, 1863
  • 11. Vacant, moved to West Virginia June 20, 1863

West Virginia (newly admitted state)
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  • 1. Jacob B. Blair (UU), from December 7, 1863
  • 2. William G. Brown, Sr. (UU), from December 7, 1863
  • 3. Kellian Whaley (UU), from December 7, 1863

Wisconsin
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Non-voting members​

  • Arizona Territory. Charles D. Poston (R), from December 5, 1864
  • Colorado Territory. Hiram P. Bennet (R)
  • Dakota Territory. William Jayne, until June 17, 1864
  • Idaho Territory. William H. Wallace (R), from February 1, 1864
  • Montana Territory. Samuel McLean (D), from January 6, 1865
  • Nebraska Territory. Samuel G. Daily (R)
  • Nevada Territory. Gordon N. Mott (R), until October 31, 1864
  • New Mexico Territory. Francisco Perea (R)
  • Utah Territory. John F. Kinney (D)
  • Washington Territory. George E. Cole (D)
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R - Republican
D - Democrat
U - Unionist
I - Independent
UU - Unconditional Unionist

Major legislation

  • April 22, 1864: Coinage Act of 1864, Sess. 1, ch. 66, 13 Stat.54
  • June 30, 1864: Yosemite Valley Grant Act, Sess. 1, 16 Stat.48
  • March 3, 1865: Freedmen's Bureau, Sess. 2, ch. 90, 13 Stat.507

Major bills not enacted​

  • Wade–Davis Bill passed both houses July 2, 1864 but Pocket vetoed

Constitutional amendments​

  • January 31, 1865: Approved an amendment to the United States Constitution abolishing slavery in the United States and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime, and submitted it to the state legislatures for ratification 13 Stat.567
    • Amendment was later ratified on December 6, 1865, becoming the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

Treaties ratified​

  • February 9, 1865: Chippewa Indians, 13 Stat.393
Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/38th_United_States_Congress
 
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