★ ★  Reynolds, John F.

John Fulton Reynolds

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Reynolds.jpg


Born: September 20, 1820

Birthplace: Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Father: John Reynolds 1787 – 1853
(Buried: Lancaster Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania)​

Mother: Lydia Moore Reynolds 1782 – 1857
(Buried: Lancaster Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania)​

Fiancé: Catherine Mary “Kate” Hewitt 1836 – 1876
(Buried: Pfordt Family Plot, Saint Agnes Cemetery, Menands, New York)​

Education:

1841: Graduated from West Point Military Academy - (26th in class)​

Occupation before War:

1841: Brevet 2nd Lt. In United States Army 3rd Artillery​
1841 – 1846: 2nd Lt. In United States Army, 3rd Artillery​
1841 – 1842: Garrison Duty at Fort McHenry, Maryland​
1842: Garrison Duty at Fort Pickens, Florida​
1842 – 1843: Garrison Duty at Fort Marion, Florida​
1843 – 1845: Garrison Duty at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina​
1845 – 1846: Served in the Military Occupation of Texas​
1846 – 1855: 1st Lt. In United States Army, 3rd Artillery​
1846: Served in the Defenses of Fort Brown, Texas​
1846: Served in the Battle of Monterrey, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico​
1848: Garrison Duty at Fort Trumbull, Connecticut​
1848 – 1850: Garrison Duty at Fort Preble, Maine​
1850 – 1852: Quartermaster for U.S. Army, 3rd Artillery​
1851 – 1852: Garrison Duty at Fort Adams, Rhode Island​
1852 – 1853: Aide to Major General David Twiggs​
1854: Garrison Duty in Lafayette, New York​
1854: Garrison Duty at Fort Wood, New York​
1854: Frontier Duty in Utah​
1854 – 1855: Frontier Duty in Salt Lake City, Utah
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1855: Frontier Duty at Fort Yuma, California​
1855: Frontier Duty at Benicia, California​
1855 – 1856: Frontier Duty at Fort Orford, Oregon​
1856: Served on the Rogue River Expedition​
1856 – 1858: Garrison Duty at Fort Monroe, Virginia​
1859: Served in the march to Columbia River​
1859 – 1860: Frontier Duty at Fort Vancouver, Washington​
1860 – 1861: Commandant of Cadets at West Point Military Academy​
1860 – 1861: Instructor of Artillery, Infantry, and Cavalry Tactics​

Civil War Career:

1861: Lt. Colonel of 14th United States Army, Infantry Regiment​
1861: Served with his regiment at Fort Trumbull, Connecticut​
1861 – 1862: Brigadier General of United States Volunteers​
1861 – 1862: Commander of Pennsylvania Reserve Corps in D.C.​
1862: Served in the Battle of Mechanicsville, Virginia​
1862: Served in the Battle of Gaines Mill, Virginia​
1862: Captured during the Battle of Glendale, Virginia​
1862: Prisoner of War from June 30th – August 8th
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1862: Division Commander Second Battle of Bull Run, Virginia​
1862: Commander of Pennsylvania State Militia in Maryland Campaign​
1862 – 1863: Commander of 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac​
1862: Corps Commander during Battle of Falmouth, Virginia​
1862 – 1863: Served in the Rappahannock, Virginia Campaign​
1862: Corps Commander during Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia​
1863: Held in Reserve during the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia​
1863: Killed during the 1st day's Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, rallying troops​

Died: July 1, 1863

Place of Death: Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Age at time of Death: 42 years old

Cause of Death: Wounds to his head, behind the right ear

Burial Place: Lancaster Cemetery, Lancaster, Pennsylvania

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Polloco

Major
Joined
Sep 15, 2018
Location
South Texas
He received his commission as brigadier on August 14, 1861 and the one for Major General on November 29, 1862 according to Who's Who in the Civil War.
 

Polloco

Major
Joined
Sep 15, 2018
Location
South Texas
He probably could have been the commander of the Army of the Potomac instead of Meade but placed demands on Lincoln about not having any strings from Washington attached . This is more than likely what helped Lincoln decide on Meade.
 

Polloco

Major
Joined
Sep 15, 2018
Location
South Texas
There is a biography by Charles P. Roland titled Toward Gettysburg: A Biography of John F. Reynolds No. 186. What does the No. 186 mean?
 

Luke Freet

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Forum Host
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Nov 8, 2018
Location
Palm Coast, Florida
It was one of his divisions that made the only breech in ths Confederate lines at Fredricksburg. This division was under George Meade.
He probably could have been the commander of the Army of the Potomac instead of Meade but placed demands on Lincoln about not having any strings from Washington attached . This is more than likely what helped Lincoln decide on Meade.
Both commanders were initially part of the Pennsylvania Reserve Division. When General McCall fell at Mechanicsville, Meade commanded the division until Reynolds' return just before Second Manassas, here, Reynolds took command. Reynolds was detached by Governor Curtan during the Antietam Campaign to raise militia in case of an incursion by Lee, leaving command of the division in the hands of Meade. He then took command of the 1st Corps (as a Brigadier) at Fredericksburg. His old division under Meade made the breakthrough of A. P. Hill's line, overrunning Gregg's brigade. However, it was not properly supported (Reynolds had no clear orders from Franklin as to his role in the battle).
After the command shuffle after Hooker's accension to army command, Meade and Reynolds were promoted. Meade expected HE would get command of the 1st Corps, but this went to Reynolds instead, while he was moved to the 5th Corps.
 

rpkennedy

Lt. Colonel
Member of the Year
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May 18, 2011
Location
Carlisle, PA
There were a ton of Civil War generals in Reynolds' West Point class.

Zealous B. Tower 1
Horatio G. Wright 2
Amiel W. Whipple 5
Josiah Gorgas 6
Albion P. Howe 8
Nathaniel Lyon 11
Julius P. Gareshe 16
Samuel Jones 19
Joseph B. Plummer 22
John M. Brannan 23
Schuyler Hamilton 24
James Totten 25
John F. Reynolds 26
Robert S. Garnett 27
Richard S. Garnett 29
Claudius W. Sears 31
Don Carlos Buell 32
Alfred Sully 34
Israel B. Richardson 38
John M. Jones 39
William T.H. Brooks 46
Abraham Buford 51

Ryan
 
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