★★★ Jackson, Thomas Jonathan

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Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson

General Jackson 1.jpg
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a former U.S. Army Officer, turned Artillery Instructor at Virginia Military Institute, until the outbreak of Civil War in 1861, when he joined the Confederate Army. As a General, Jackson became known as one of the best Confederate commanders. He had a prominent role at the First Battle of Bull Run, and played a key role in winning many significant battles that followed in the Eastern Theater of the war. He was one of General Lee's most dependable officers until he was badly wounded in the arm by friendly fire at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May of 1863. The medically required amputation of the damaged limb led to his untimely death several days later.

Born: January 21, 1824

Birthplace: Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia)

Father: Jonathan Jackson 1790 – 1826
(Buried: Jackson Cemetery, Clarksburg, West Virginia)​

Mother: Julia Beckwith 1798 – 1831
(Buried: Westlake Cemetery, Ansted, West Virginia)​

1ST​ Wife: Eleanor Junkin 1825 – 1854
(Buried: Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia)​

Married: August 4, 1853 in Lexington, Virginia

2nd​ Wife: Mary Anna Morrison 1831 – 1915
(Buried: Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia)​

Married: July 16, 1857 in Lincoln County, North Carolina
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Children:
Infant Son 1854 – 1854​
Mary Graham Jackson 1858 – 1858​
(Buried: Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia)​
Julia Jackson Christian 1862 – 1889​
(Buried: Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia)​


Signature:
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Education:
1846: Graduated from West Point Military Academy (17th​ in class)​

Occupation:
1846 – 1847: Brevet 2nd​ Lt. United States Army 1st​ Artillery​
1847 – 1852: 2nd​ Lt. United States Army 1st​ Artillery​
1851 – 1861: Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy​
1851 – 1861: Artillery Instructor at Virginia Military Institute​
1852: Resigned from United States Army on February 29th​

Civil War Career:
1861: Drillmaster for Virginia State Troops​
1861: Colonel of the Stonewall Brigade​
1861: Brigadier General in Confederate Army Infantry​
1861: Participated in First Battle of Bull Run Wounded in hand​
1861 – 1862: Major General in Confederate Army Infantry​
1862: Leader of the Famous Shenandoah Valley Campaign​
1862: Participated in the Peninsula Campaign​
1862: Participated in the Seven Days Campaign
General Jackson.jpg
1862: Participated in the Second Battle of Bull Run​
1862: Participated in the Maryland Campaign​
1862 – 1863: Lt. General of Confederate Army Infantry​
1862 – 1863: Commander Second Army Corps Army of Northern VA​
1862: Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia​
1863: Heavily Participated Battle of Chancellorsville, Wounded left arm​

Died: May 10, 1863

Place of Death: Guinea Station, Virginia

Cause of Death: Pneumonia from his amputation of his arm

Last Words: “Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees.”

Age at time of Death: 39 years old

Burial Place: Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia

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