★ ★  Cadwalader, George

George Cadwalader

Born: May 16, 1806
Cadwalader.jpg


Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Father: General Thomas Cadwalader 1779 – 1841
(Buried: Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)​

Mother: Mary Biddle 1781 – 1850
(Buried: Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)​

Wife: Frances Butler Mease 1808 – 1880
(Buried: Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)​

Children:

Frances Cadwalader​

Occupation before War:

Attorney in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania​
1824: Formed the Philadelphia Grays State Militia​
1824 – 1832: Captain of Philadelphia Grays State Militia​
Brigadier General of Pennsylvania State Militia​
1844: Criticized for his weak role in Philadelphia anti – catholic riots​
1844: Refused to allow militia to action against rioters on Kensington​
1844: Ordered his militia to fire into crowd of nativists trying to destroy St. Phillip Neri Church​
1847 – 1848: Brigadier General in the Mexican – American War​
1847: Served in the Battle of Contreras, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Battle of Churubusco, Mexico​
1847: Brevetted Major General for gallantry at Chapultepec, Mexico​
One of the original members of the Aztec Club of 1847​
1848: Discharged from United States Army on July 20th

Civil War Career:

1861: Major General of Pennsylvania State Volunteers​
1861 – 1862: Military Commander in Maryland​
1861: Ordered the arrest of John Merryman​
His Arrest of Merryman led to the case of Ex parte Merryman
Served in the Army of the Shenandoah as Division Commander​
1862 – 1865: Major General of Union Army, Volunteers​
1862: Treated for contusion of his knee​
1862: Had medical care in Washington, D.C. for Synovitis​
Union Army Post Commander in Corinth, Mississippi​
Union Army Post Commander of District of Brandywine​
Union Army Post Commander of District of the Susquehanna​
1863 – 1865: Union Army Commander of District of Philadelphia​
1865: Resigned from the Union Army in July​

Occupation after War:

1865: One of the founders of Military Order of the Loyal Legion​
1865 – 1879: Commander – in – Chief of Military Order of Loyal Legion​

Died: February 3, 1879

Place of Death: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cause of Death: Cerebral Apoplexy

Age at time of Death:
72 years old

Burial Place: Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
 
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James N.

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It's hard to believe any self-respecting photographer would've allowed Cadwallader to merely whip off his hat and be photographed, but that is obviously what happened!
 
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The men who suceeded him as Commander-in-chief of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States reads like a Who's Who. Hancock, Sheridan, Hayes, Gibbon, Schofield, Dodge etc. to name a few.
 
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