CS Con ★★★ Baylor, John Robert - C.S. Congressman, TX

John Robert Baylor


Born: July 20, 1822

Birthplace: Paris, Kentucky

Father: Dr. John Walker Baylor 1782 – 1835
(Buried: Dunbarton Cemetery, Adams County, Mississippi)​

Mother: Sophia Marie Weidner Unknown – 1862
(Buried: City Cemetery No. 1, San Antonio, Texas)​

Brother: C.S. Colonel George Wythe Baylor 1832 – 1916
(Buried: Confederate Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas)​

Wife: Emily Jane Hanna 1827 – 1917
(Buried: Montell and Laguna Cemetery, Montell, Texas)​


John William Baylor 1844 – 1896​
(Buried: La Mota Ranch Cemetery Cotulla Texas)​
Walker Keith Baylor 1847 – 1928​
(Buried: Mission Burial Park South San Antonio Texas)​
Elizabeth Baylor Affleck 1851 – 1931​
(Buried: City Cemetery No. 1 San Antonio Texas)​
Frances Baylor Foster 1861 – 1941​
(Buried: Evergreen Cemetery El Paso Texas)​
Anna Louisa Baylor Hardeman 1864 – 1900​
(Buried: Montell and Laguna Cemetery Montell Texas)​
Albert Searcy Baylor 1869 – 1929​
(Buried: Uvalde Cemetery, Uvalde, Texas)​

Political Party: Democratic Party

Occupation before War:

Moved to Texas at the age of 17 years old​
Served in the Texas Volunteer Army against the Comanche Indians.​
Rancher in the State of Texas​
1852 – 1854: Texas State Representative​
1855 – 1857: Texas State Agent to the Comanches​
1856 – 1857: United States Indian Agent for Jackson County, Texas.​
1857 – 1861: Condemned the Comanche Indiana throughout Texas​
Editor of The White Man Newspaper in Texas​
Organized a vigilante force of 1,000 to campaign against Comanches​
Critic of Governor Sam Houston saying Houston wasn’t protecting settlers.​
1859: Forced the abandonment of the Brazos Indian Reservation.​

Civil War Career:

Recommended by General John B. Magruder for the rank of Brig. General​
1861: Delegate to Texas State Secession Convention​
1861: Lt. Colonel of Second Texas Mounted Rifles Regiment​
1861: Helped capture El Paso, Texas and surrounding area​
1861 – 1862: Confederate Governor of Arizona Territory​
1861 – 1862: Colonel in the Confederate Army​
1863: Defeated Malcolm D. Graham for Confederate Congress.​
1864 – 1865: Confederate States Congressman from Texas​
1864 – 1865: Member of House Indian Affairs Committee​
1864 – 1865: Member of House Patents Committee​
Voted to restrict Davis’s functions as Commander–in–chief​
Voted against the imposition of martial law​
His voting record showed a determination to use the last resources of the Confederacy and opposed all peace negotiations​

Occupation after War:

1865 – 1878: Rancher in San Antonio, Texas
1873: Unsuccessful Candidate for Democratic Nomination for Governor​
1876: Offered his services to the U.S. Army to fight Lakota Sioux​
1878 – 1894: Rancher in Uvalde County, Texas​
Killed a man in 1880’s in a feud over livestock but there were no charges.​

Died: February 6, 1894

Place of Death: Montell, Texas

Age at time of Death: 71 years old

Burial Place: Montell and Laguna Cemetery, Montell, Texas
Last edited by a moderator:


Major General
★★ Sr. Moderator
Silver Patron
Annual Winner
Regtl. Quartermaster Chickamauga 2018 Vicksburg 2019
Jul 21, 2015
1861: Lt. Colonel of Second Texas Mounted Rifles Regiment

"2nd Cavalry Regiment, about 1,200 strong, was organized in May, 1861, under the designation of the 2nd Texas Mounted Rifles. It was reorganized in April, 1862, as the 2nd Cavalry Regiment. The men were recruited in San Antonio, Houston, Marshall, and Beeville, and the counties of Anderson, Houston, Nacogdoches, and Cherokee. Serving in the Trans-Mississippi Department, it was active in various conflicts in the New Mexico Territory and Louisiana, then saw action in the defense of Galveston. In November, 1862, the unit totalled 752 effectives, had 19 officers and 167 men in July, 1864, and about 150 present in April, 1865. Although it was included in the surrender on June 2, it had previously disbanded. The field officers were Colonels John S. Ford and Charles L. Pyron; Lieutenant Colonels John R. Baylor and James Walker; and Majors John Donelson, Matthew Nolan, William A. Spencer, and Edward Waller, Jr."


Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
One of the biographys about him state that he was present at the surrender of General Twiggs in May of 1861. This must be a typo as Twiggs surrendered his forces to McCulloch in Feb. of 1861 didn't he? But then it didn't mention his McCulloch surrender possibly they were referring to a different surrender.
Last edited:
Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
From what I've read Baylor was an Indian Hater. It cost him a job here in Texas and didn't stand too well with Richmond.
It also cost him his job as Confederate Governor of Arizona Territory. This position had been confirmed by the Confederate Congress. When Baylor ordered his cavalry to exterminate the Apache, Jefferson Davis relieved Baylor as Governor and revoked his Colonel's commission.