★ ★  Scott, Winfield

Winfield Scott

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Born: June 13, 1786

Birthplace: Laurel Hill Plantation, Petersburg, Virginia

Father: Captain William Scott 1747 – 1791

Mother: Ann Mason 1747 – 1802

Wife: Maria DeHart Mayo 1789 – 1862
(Buried: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York)​

Children:

Maria Mayo Scott 1818 – 1833​
(Buried: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York)​
John Mayo Scott 1819 – 1820​
(Buried: Montpelier Estate National Historic Site, Montpelier, Virginia)​
Virginia “Sister May Emmanuel” Scott 1821 – 1845​
(Buried: Georgetown Visitation Monastery, Washington, D.C.)​
Edward Winfield Scott 1823 – 1827​
(Buried: Montpelier Estate National Historic Site, Montpelier, Virginia)​
Cornelia Winfield Scott 1824 – 1885​
(Buried: New Cathedral Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland)​
Adeline Camilla Scott Hoyt 1831 – 1882​
(Buried: Kensico Cemetery, Valhalla, New York)
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Marcella “Ella” Scott MacTavish 1833 – 1909​
(Buried: Basilica di San Lorenzo fuouri le Mura, Rome, Italy)​

Education:

Attended College at the College of William and Mary​
Studied law under Attorney David Robinson​

Occupation before War:

Attended the trial of Aaron Burr who was accused of treason​
Developed a negative opinion of General James Wilkinson​
Served as a Corporal in Virginia State Militia Cavalry​
Served in the Chesapeake – Leopard Affair​
Attempted to Practice law in South Carolina unable to obtain license
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1808 – 1812: Captain United States Army​
1810: Court Martialed for his remarks about General Wilkinson​
1810: His Commission was suspended for one year​
1810: Fought a duel with William Upshaw​
1810 – 1811: Studied Military Tactics and Strategy in Virginia​
1812 – 1813: Lt. Colonel, United States Army​
1812: Served in the Invasion of Canada under Van Rensselear​
1812: Captured at the Battle of Queenston Heights, Canada​
1812: Prisoner of War, held by the British Army​
1813 – 1814: Colonel in United States Army​
1813: Served in the Battle of Fort George, Ontario​
1814 – 1847: Brigadier General in United States Army​
1814: Served in the Invasion of Canada​
1814: Served in the Battle of Chippawa, Canada​
1814: Wounded during the Battle of Lundy’s Lane​
1814: Brevetted Major General for his gallantry at Chippawa
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1814: Recipient of Congressional Gold Medal​
United States Army Commander of Maryland and Northern Virginia​
Member of the Board for demobilizing the United States Army​
United States Army Commander of Northeastern Department​
1821: Asked to be relieved of his commander after reorganization​
1832: Ordered by Pres. Jackson to take command in Black Hawk War​
1832: Traveled to Charleston, South Carolina during Nullification​
1835: Ordered by President to take command against Seminoles​
1835: Author of Infantry Tactics or Rules​
1835 – 1855: His Manual was used by the United States Army​
Opposed the thinking of Edmund Gaines and Andrew Jackson​
1836: Served as Commander during Creek War​
1838: Commander for the removal of Cherokee from Southeastern United States​
1837: Dispatched to Western New York to prevent border crossings​
1839: Unsuccessful Candidate for 1840 Whig Nomination​
1841 – 1861: Major General of United States Army​
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1841 – 1861: Commanding General of United States Army​
1844: Unsuccessful Candidate for Whig Party Presidential Nomination​
1846 – 1848: Commander U.S. Army during Mexican – American War​
Agreed on a plan with Secretary of War to capture Northern Mexico​
Drew up a plan that would bring a naval assault on the Gulf​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mexico​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mexico​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Battle of Contreras, Mexico​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Battle of Churubusco, Mexico​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Battle of Mexico City, Mexico​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Battle of Molino del Rey​
1847: Commander of U.S. Army at the Battle of Chapultepec, Mexico​
1847: Accepted the Surrender of the Mexican Army on Sept. 14th
1848: Unsuccessful Candidate for Whig Party Presidential Nomination​
1850: Advocate for the Passage of the Compromise of 1850​
1852: Unsuccessful Whig Party Presidential Candidate​
Often Clashed with Secretary of War Davis over travel expenses​
1855: Brevetted Lt. General in United States Army​
1859: Assigned settle dispute with Great Britain over San Juan Islands​
1860: Convinced President to resupply D.C., Fort Sumter, Fort Pickens​

Civil War Career:

1841 – 1861: Major General of United States Army​
1841 – 1861: Commanding General of United States Army​
1860: Sick from the effects of Protracted Diarrhea​
1861: Advised President Lincoln to evacuate the Forts in the south​
1861: Advised President Lincoln to Offer Robert E. Lee Command​
1861: Author of the Anaconda Plan to the Win the Civil War​
1861: General Scott felt McDowell was to inexperience to command​
1861: Submitted his resignation from United States Army in October​
1861: Supporter of Henry Halleck as his successor as Commander​

Occupation after Resignation:

Traveled to Europe with his daughter Cornelia​
Helped Thurlow Weed defuse the Trent Affair in Paris, France​
1861 – 1866: Suffered from vertigo, gout and dropsy​
1861 – 1866: Lived alone in New York City and West Point, New York​
1861 – 1866: Author of his Memoirs of his service in the U.S. Army​
1862: President Lincoln accepted his advice with Promoting Halleck​
1864 – 1865: General Grant used a plan like the Anaconda Plan
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1866: President Johnson Ordered flags flown half-staff Scott’s death​

Died: May 29, 1866

Place of Death: West Point, New York

Cause of Death: Bad Health

Age at time of Death: 79 years old

Burial Place: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York
 
Last edited by a moderator:

jackt62

Captain
Joined
Jul 28, 2015
Location
New York City
I was gonna add that Scott did not place much hope in the volunteer army. Given that the regular army was too small to mount effective operations at the start of the CW, he believed the best approach would be to constrict the river routes and seaports upon which the Confederacy depended. Of course, Lincoln and the public demanded quick action, which meant that Scott's slower approach would not be acceptable. However, parts of the so-called Anaconda Plan were adopted in conjunction with ground operations.
 
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