★  Merritt, Wesley

Wesley Merritt

Born: June 16, 1834
Merritt 1.jpg


Birthplace: New York City, New York

Father: John W. Merritt 1806 – 1878

Mother: Julia Ann de Forest 1808 – 1874

1st Wife: Caroline Warren 1849 – 1893
(Buried: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York)​

2nd Wife: Laura Williams 1871 – 1951
(Buried: River Street Cemetery, Woodstock, Vermont)​

Education:

1860: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (22nd in class)​

Occupation before War:

1860 – 1861: Brevet 2nd Lt. United States Army Dragoons​
1860 – 1861: Frontier Duty at Fort Crittenden, Utah​

Civil War Career:

1861: 2nd Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons Regiment​
1861: 1st Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons Regiment​
1861 – 1862: 1st Lt. United States Army, 2nd Cavalry Regiment​
1861: Assistant Adjutant General of Utah Forces​
1861 – 1862: Adjutant of United States Army, 2nd Cavalry Regiment​
1861 – 1862: Served in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.​
1862 – 1863: Aide to Brig. General Philip S. Cooke in D.C. Defenses​
1862 – 1866: Captain United States Army, 2nd Cavalry Regiment​
1863: Aide to General Stoneman in Raid towards Richmond, Virginia​
1863 – 1865: Brigadier General of Union Army Volunteers​
1863: Commander of Reserve Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac​
1863: Engaged in battle 3rd day of Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania​
1863: Brevetted Major for Gallantry at Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Merritt 2.jpg
1863: Served in Pursuit of the Enemy to Warrenton, Virginia​
1863: Served in the Battle of Williamsport, Maryland​
1863: Served in the Battle of Boonsboro, Maryland​
1863 – 1864: Cavalry Brigade Commander, Army of the Potomac​
1863: Served in the Battle of Culpeper Courthouse, Virginia​
1864: Cavalry Division Commander, Army of the Potomac​
1864: Reserve Cavalry Brigade Commander in Richmond Campaign​
1864: Served in the Battle of Todd’s Tavern, Virginia​
1864: Served in Sheridan’s raid to Haxall’s Landing​
1864: Served in the Battle of Yellow Tavern, Virginia​
1864: Brevetted Lt. Colonel for Gallantry at Battle of Yellow Tavern​
1864: Served in the Battle of Meadow Bridge, Virginia​
1864: Brevetted Colonel for Gallantry at Battle of Hawes Shop, Virginia​
1864: Served in the Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia​
1864: Served in Sheridan’s raid towards Charlottesville, Virginia​
1864: Served in the Battle of Trevilian Station, Virginia​
1864: Served in the Battle of Darbytown, Virginia​
1864 – 1865: Cavalry Division Commander in Shenandoah Campaign​
1864: Brevetted Major General for Gallantry, Winchester & Fishers Hill​
1865: Brevetted Brig. General U.S. Army, Gallantry at Five Forks​
1865: Brevetted Major General for the campaign ending the war​
1865: Cavalry Division Commander in Richmond, Virginia​
1865: Served in the Battle of Dinwiddie Courthouse, Virginia​
1865 – 1866: Major General of Union Army Volunteers​
1865: Served in the Battle of Sailor’s Creek, Virginia​
1865: Served in the Battle of Appomattox Station, Virginia​
1865: Served in the Surrender of General Lee at Appomattox​
1865: Served on Movement to Dan River, North Carolina​
1865: Chief of Cavalry, Military Division of the Southwest​
1865: U.S. Army Cavalry Commander, Department of Texas​
1865: Chief of Cavalry for U.S. Army Military, Division of the Gulf​
1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on February 1st

Occupation after War:
1866 – 1876: Lt. Colonel, United States Army, 9th Cavalry Regiment​
1866 – 1867: Inspection Duty at U.S. Army, Department of the Gulf
Merritt.jpg
1867: Regimental Commander in New Orleans, Louisiana​
1867: Frontier Duty in San Antonio, Texas​
1867: Frontier Duty at Fort Davis, Texas​
1868 – 1870: Member of General Tactics Board in St. Louis, Missouri​
1876: Inspector of Cavalry for U.S. Army, Division of the Missouri​
1876 – 1887: Colonel United States Army 5th Cavalry Regiment​
1876: Served in the action at Indian Creek, Wyoming​
1876: Served with Cavalry Forces, Big Horn & Yellowstone Expedition​
1876: Served in the Battle of Slim Buttes, Dakota Territory​
1876 – 1878: Served at Fort David A. Russell, Wyoming Territory​
1879: Member of the Court of Inquiry at Chicago, Illinois​
1879: Commander of Ute Expedition to relieve Thornburg’s Command​
1882 – 1887: Superintendent of West Point Military Academy​
1887 – 1895: Brigadier General in United States Army​
1887 – 1891: U.S. Army Commander, Department of the Missouri​
1895 – 1900: Major General of United States Army​
1895 – 1897: U.S. Army Commander, Department of Dakota​
1897 – 1898: U.S. Army Commander, Department of the East​
1898 – 1899: U.S. Army Commander of the Philippine Expedition​
1898: Captured the City of Manila, Philippines​
1898: Governor – General of the Philippine Islands​
1899 – 1900: U.S. Army Commander, Department of the East​
1900: Retired from United States Army on June 16th
1906 – 1910: Suffered from the effects of Senility​

Died: December 3, 1910

Place of Death: Natural Bridge, Virginia

Cause of Death: Arteriosclerosis

Age at time of Death: 76 years old

Burial Place: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Luke Freet

First Sergeant
Forum Host
Joined
Nov 8, 2018
Location
Palm Coast, Florida
Wesley Merritt:
Born: June 16, 1834
Birthplace: New York City New YorkView attachment 362562
Father: John W. Merritt 1806 – 1878
Mother: Julia Ann de Forest 1808 – 1874
1st​ Wife: Caroline Warren 1849 – 1893
(Buried: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery West Point New York)
2nd​ Wife: Laura Williams 1871 – 1951
(Buried: River Street Cemetery Woodstock Vermont)

Education:
1860: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (22nd​ in class)

Occupation before War:
1860 – 1861: Brevet 2nd​ Lt. United States Army Dragoons
1860 – 1861: Frontier Duty at Fort Crittenden Utah

Civil War Career:
1861: 2nd​ Lt. United States Army 2nd​ Dragoons Regiment
1861: 1st​ Lt. United States Army 2nd​ Dragoons Regiment
1861 – 1862: 1st​ Lt. United States Army 2nd​ Cavalry Regiment
1861: Assistant Adjutant General of Utah Forces
1861 – 1862: Adjutant of United States Army 2nd​ Cavalry Regiment
1861 – 1862: Served in the Defenses of Washington D.C.
1862 – 1863: Aide to Brig. General Philip S. Cooke in D.C. Defenses
1862 – 1866: Captain United States Army 2nd​ Cavalry Regiment
1863: Aide to General Stoneman in Raid towards Richmond VA.
1863 – 1865: Brigadier General of Union Army Volunteers
1863: Commander of Reserve Cavalry Brigade Army of the Potomac
1863: Engaged in Battle 3rd​ Day of Battle of Gettysburg PA.
1863: Brevetted Major for Gallantry at Battle of Gettysburg PA.View attachment 362563
1863: Served in Pursuit of the Enemy to Warrenton Virginia
1863: Served in the Battle of Williamsport Maryland
1863: Served in the Battle of Boonsboro Maryland
1863 – 1864: Cavalry Brigade Commander Army of the Potomac
1863: Served in the Battle of Culpeper Courthouse Virginia
1864: Cavalry Division Commander Army of the Potomac
1864: Reserve Cavalry Brigade Commander in Richmond Campaign
1864: Served in the Battle of Todd’s Tavern Virginia
1864: Served in Sheridan’s raid to Haxall’s Landing
1864: Served in the Battle of Yellow Tavern Virginia
1864: Brevetted Lt. Colonel for Gallantry at Battle of Yellow Tavern
1864: Served in the Battle of Meadow Bridge Virginia
1864: Brevetted Colonel for Gallantry at Battle of Hawes Shop VA.
1864: Served in the Battle of Cold Harbor Virginia
1864: Served in Sheridan’s raid towards Charlottesville Virginia
1864: Served in the Battle of Trevilian Station Virginia
1864: Served in the Battle of Darbytown Virginia
1864 – 1865: Cavalry Division Commander in Shenandoah Campaign
1864: Brevetted Major General for Gallantry Winchester & Fishers Hill
1865: Brevetted Brig. General U.S. Army Gallantry at Five Forks
1865: Brevetted Major General for the campaign ending the war
1865: Cavalry Division Commander in Richmond Virginia
1865: Served in the Battle of Dinwiddie Courthouse Virginia
1865 – 1866: Major General of Union Army Volunteers
1865: Served in the Battle of Sailor’s Creek Virginia
1865: Served in the Battle of Appomattox Station Virginia
1865: Served in the Surrender of General Lee at Appomattox
1865: Served on Movement to Dan River North Carolina
1865: Chief of Cavalry Military Division of the Southwest
1865: U.S. Army Cavalry Commander Department of Texas
1865: Chief of Cavalry for U.S. Army Military Division of the Gulf
1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on February 1st​

Occupation after War:
1866 – 1876: Lt. Colonel United States Army 9th​ Cavalry Regiment
1866 – 1867: Inspection Duty at U.S. Army Department of the GulfView attachment 362564
1867: Regimental Commander in New Orleans Louisiana
1867: Frontier Duty in San Antonio Texas
1867: Frontier Duty at Fort Davis Texas
1868 – 1870: Member of General Tactics Board in St. Louis Missouri
1876: Inspector of Cavalry for U.S. Army Division of the Missouri
1876 – 1887: Colonel United States Army 5th​ Cavalry Regiment
1876: Served in the action at Indian Creek Wyoming
1876: Served with Cavalry Forces Big Horn & Yellowstone Expedition
1876: Served in the Battle of Slim Buttes Dakota Territory
1876 – 1878: Served at Fort David A. Russell Wyoming Territory
1879: Member of the Court of Inquiry at Chicago Illinois
1879: Commander of Ute Expedition to relieve Thornburg’s Command
1882 – 1887: Superintendent of West Point Military Academy
1887 – 1895: Brigadier General in United States Army
1887 – 1891: U.S. Army Commander Department of the Missouri
1895 – 1900: Major General of United States Army
1895 – 1897: U.S. Army Commander Department of Dakota
1897 – 1898: U.S. Army Commander Department of the East
1898 – 1899: U.S. Army Commander of the Philippine Expedition
1898: Captured the City of Manila Philippines
1898: Governor – General of the Philippine Islands
1899 – 1900: U.S. Army Commander Department of the East
1900: Retired from United States Army on June 16th​
1906 – 1910: Suffered from the effects of Senility



Died:
December 3, 1910
Place of Death: Natural Bridge Virginia
Cause of Death: Arteriosclerosis
Age at time of Death: 76 years old
Burial Place: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery West Point N.Y.
I remember reading a book on the 9th Cavalry, I don't have it on me so not quoting exactly, but the author described Merritt as being as excellent a cavalryman as Custer, minus the flagrant stupidity of Custer. He was not as harsh as that though, but I am.
This man took command of the Eastern Cavalry Corps at only age 30. In 2 years, he jumped from the rank of Captain to Major General.
 
Top