★★★ Longstreet, James

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gentlemanrob

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James Longstreet Jr.

During War.jpg
James Longstreet was a U.S. Army soldier who graduated from the West Point Military Academy, and was a Veteran of the Mexican-American War. He resigned his U.S. commission in June of 1861 to join the Confederate Army, becoming one of the most prominent generals of the Civil War and the principal subordinate to General Robert E. Lee, who called him his "Old War Horse". Longstreet served under Lee as a corps commander for many of the famous battles in the eastern theater. However, his most controversial service was at the Battle of Gettysburg in July of 1863, where he openly disagreed with the offensive tactics ordered by General Lee, and reluctantly commanded multiple unsuccessful attacks on Union positions, including the famously disastrous Pickett's Charge. Afterwards, he served in the Western Theater with Braxton Bragg in the Army of Tennessee.

Born: January 8, 1821

Birthplace: Edgefield, South Carolina

Height: 6'0”

Father: James Longstreet Sr. 1783 – 1833

Mother: Mary Ann Dent 1793 – 1855
(Buried: Somerville Cemetery, Somerville, Alabama)​

1st​ Wife: Maria Louisa Garland 1827 – 1889
(Buried: Alta Vista Cemetery, Gainesville, Georgia)​

Married: March 8, 1848 in Lynchburg, Virginia

2nd​ Wife: Helen Dortch Longstreet 1863 – 1962
(Buried: Westview Cemetery, Atlanta, Georgia)​

Married: September 8, 1897 in Atlanta, Georgia

Children:

John G. Longstreet 1848 – 1918​
(Buried: Alta Vista Cemetery, Gainesville, Georgia)​
Augustus Baldwin Longstreet 1850 – 1862​
(Buried: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia)​
William Dent Longstreet 1853 – 1854​
(Buried: Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​
James Longstreet III 1857 – 1862​
(Buried: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia)​
Mary Anne Longstreet 1860 – 1862​
(Buried: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia)​
Major Robert Lee Longstreet 1863 – 1940​
(Buried: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia)​
Colonel James Longstreet III 1865 – 1922​
(Buried: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia)​
Fitz Randolph Longstreet 1869 – 1951​
(Buried: Alta Vista Cemetery, Gainesville, Georgia)​
Louise Longstreet 1872 – 1957​
(Buried: Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​
Education:

1842: Graduated from West Point Military Academy (54th​ in class)​
Occupation before War:

1842 – 1845: Brevet 2nd​ Lt. United States Army, 4th​ Infantry Regiment​
1845 – 1847: 2nd​ Lt. United States Army, 8th​ Infantry Regiment​
1847 – 1852: 1st​ Lt. United States Army, 8th​ Infantry Regiment​
1852 – 1858: Captain United States Army, 8th​ Infantry Regiment​
1858 – 1861: Major and Paymaster in United States Army​
1861: Resigned from United States Army on June 1st​
Civil War Career:

Horse Names: Fly by Night and Hero
1861: Commissioned as Lt. Colonel in the Confederate Army​
1861: Brigadier General in the Confederate Army Infantry​
1861: Participated in the Battle of Blackburn's Ford​
1861: Participated in the First Battle of Bull Run​
1861 – 1862: Major General in the Confederate Army Infantry​
1862: Participated in the Peninsula Campaign​
1862: Rear Guard Commander at Battle of Williamsburg & Yorktown​
1862: Participated in the Battle of Seven Pines​
1862: Participated in the Seven Days Campaign​
1862: Participated in the Second Battle of Bull Run​
1862: Participated in the Maryland Campaign & Battle of Antietam​
1862 – 1865: Lt. General of Confederate Army Infantry​
1862 – 1865: Commander of First Army Corps Army of Northern VA.​
1862: Participated in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia​
1863: Participated in the Siege of Suffolk, Virginia​
1863: Heavily Participated in the Battle of Gettysburg​
1863: Participated in the Battle of Chickamauga, Tennessee​
1863: Participated in the Battle of Knoxville, Tennessee​
1864: Wounded during the Wilderness Campaign
After war.jpg
1864: Participated in the funeral of Lt. General Leonidas Polk​
1864 – 1865: Participated in the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia​
1865: Commander of First & Third Army Corps Army Northern VA​
1865: Participated in the Appomattox Virginia Campaign​
1865: Surrendered at Appomattox Court House Appomattox, Virginia​

Occupation after War:

1866 – 1868: Cotton Broker in New Orleans, Louisiana​
President of Great Southern & Western Fire, Marine Insurance Co.​
Joined the Republican Political Party​
1868: Endorsed Ulysses S. Grant for President
General Longstreet after war.jpg
1869: Attended the Inauguration of President Ulysses S. Grant​
1869 – 1871: U.S. Surveyor of Customs Port of New Orleans, Louisiana​
1870: Louisiana State Adjutant General of Louisiana State Militia​
1872 – 1877: Commissioner of Engineers for Louisiana​
Major General of Louisiana State Militia​
1874: Participated in the Battle of Liberty Place​
United States Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue​
1879 – 1880: United States Postmaster for Gainesville, Georgia​
1880 – 1881: United States Ambassador to Ottoman Empire​

1881 – 1884: United States Marshal for Georgia​
Farmer in Gainesville, Georgia raising turkeys and Planted Orchards
IMG_7984.JPG
1897 – 1904: United States Commissioner of Railroads​
Died: January 2, 1904

Place of Death: Gainesville, Georgia

Cause of Death: Cancer & Pneumonia

Age at time of Death: 82 years old

Last Words: “Helen, we will be happier at this post.”

Burial Place: Alta Vista Cemetery, Gainesville, Georgia


Before War.jpg
 
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Polloco

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Everyone knows about the "War Horse" nickname but He was also called the "Bull of the Woods" after Chickamauga.
 
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