★ ★  Humphreys, Andrew A.

Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
:us34stars:
Humphreys.jpg


Born: November 2, 1810

Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Father:
Samuel Humphreys 1778 – 1846
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​

Mother: Letitia Atkinson 1786 – 1859
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​

Wife: Rebecca Hollingsworth 1822 – 1897
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​

Children:

Charles F. Humphreys 1844 – 1905​
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​
Rebecca Hollingsworth Humphrey 1849 – 1879​
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​
Letitia Humphreys Atkinson 1856 – 1934​
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.)​

Education:

1831: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (13th in class)​

Occupation before War:

1831: Brevet 2nd Lt. United States Army, 2nd Artillery​
1831 – 1836: 2nd Lt. United States Army, 2nd Artillery​
1831: Garrison Duty at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina​
1832: Special duty drawing maps at West Point Military Academy​
1832 – 1833: Served in the Cherokee Nation​
1833: Garrison Duty at Augusta Arsenal in Augusta, Georgia​
1833 – 1834: Garrison Duty at Fort Marion, Florida​
1834 – 1835: Served on Topographical Duty for U.S. Army​
1836: 1st Lt. United States Army, 2nd Artillery​
1836: Made surveys in West Florida and Cape Cod, Massachusetts​
1836: Served in the Seminole War in Florida​
1836: Resigned from United States Army on September 30th
1836 – 1838: Civil Engineer assisting Major Bache and U.S. Govt.​
1838 – 1848: 1st Lt. United States Army, Topographical Engineers
Humphreys 1.jpg
1839: in charge of improvements on Chicago, Illinois harbor​
1839: Assistant Topographical Engineer at Oswego Harbor, New York​
1840 – 1841: Assistant in U.S. Army, Topographical Engineer Bureau​
1842: Served on construction of a bridge in Washington, D.C.​
1842 – 1844: Assistant in U.S. Army Topographical Engineer Bureau​
1844 – 1849: Assistant in charge of U.S. Army, Coast Survey Office​
1848 – 1861: Captain United States Army, Topographical Engineers​
1850 – 1851: Served on Topographical survey of Mississippi River​
1851 – 1853: On sick leave from getting sick while on Mississippi River​
1854 – 1861: Served on Explorations and Surveys for Railroads​
1860: Member of the Board to revise program of instruction​
1860: Member of Commission to examine organization and discipline​

Civil War Career:

1861 – 1863: Major, United States Army, Topographical Engineers​
1861 – 1862: Served on Staff of Major General George B. McClellan​
1862: Colonel and Aide-de-camp in the Union Army​
1862: Chief Topographical Engineer, Army of the Potomac
Humphreys 2.jpg
1862: Served in the Siege of Yorktown, Virginia​
1862: Served in the Battle of Williamsburg, Virginia​
1862 – 1863: Brigadier General of Union Army, Volunteers​
1862: Served in the Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia​
1862: Division Commander in Washington, D.C.​
1862: Served in the Battle of Antietam, Maryland​
1862: Served in the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia​
1862: Brevetted Colonel for Gallantry at Battle of Fredericksburg​
1863 – 1866: Lt. Colonel, United States Army Engineers​
1863: Served in the Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia​
1863: Served in the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania​
1863 – 1866: Major General, Union Army, Volunteers​
1863 – 1864: Chief of Staff to Major General George Meade​
1864 – 1865: Union Army Commander, Second Army Corps​
1865: Corps Commander, Battle of Hatcher’s Run​
1865: Brevetted Brig. General, U.S. Army, Gallantry at Gettysburg​
1865: Brevetted Major General, U.S. Army, Gallantry at Saylor’s Creek​
1865: Present at the Surrender at Appomattox, Virginia​
1865: Union Army Commander, District of Pennsylvania​
1865 – 1866: In charge of examination of Mississippi Levees​
1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on August 31st​

Occupation after War:
20170221_100541.jpg


1866 – 1879: Brigadier General in United States Army​
1866 – 1879: Chief of Engineers for United States Army​
1870 – 1874: Member of United States Lighthouse Board​
1872 – 1877: Member of Commission examine Canal Routes​
1872 – 1873: Member of Board on Washington Harbor Improvements​
1875 – 1879: Member of Board on Staten Island​
1877 – 1879: Member of Washington Monument Commission​
1877 – 1879: Member of Advisory on Massachusetts Harbor​
1877: Member of Examining Board of Moline Water Power Company​
1879: Retired from United States Army on June 30th​ his own request​

Died: December 27, 1883

Place of Death: Washington, D.C.

Cause of Death: General giving out of the vital powers

Age at time of Death: 73 years old

Burial Place: Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Polloco

Major
Joined
Sep 15, 2018
Location
South Texas
Just before Antietam he was given command of a newly raised division of "9 month" troops (3rd division, 5th Corps). This unit was held in reserve during Antietam but did see action at Fredricksburg and Chancellorsville. Between the last 2 battles he temporarily led the 5th Corps from Feb. 23 to Feb. 28th. When the 9 months expired he transferred to the 3rd Corps and led a division which he led at Gettysburg. It was the actions of this division on the second day that earned him his second star.
 

Luke Freet

First Sergeant
Forum Host
Joined
Nov 8, 2018
Location
Palm Coast, Florida
Andrew Atkinson Humphreys:
:us34stars:
Born: November 2, 1810View attachment 380124
Birthplace: Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Father:
Samuel Humphreys 1778 – 1846
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)
Mother: Letitia Atkinson 1786 – 1859
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)
Wife: Rebecca Hollingsworth 1822 – 1897
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)
Children:

Charles F. Humphreys 1844 – 1905
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)
Rebecca Hollingsworth Humphrey 1849 – 1879
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)
Letitia Humphreys Atkinson 1856 – 1934
(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)

Education:
1831: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (13th​ in class)

Occupation before War:
1831: Brevet 2nd​ Lt. United States Army 2nd​ Artillery
1831 – 1836: 2nd​ Lt. United States Army 2nd​ Artillery
1831: Garrison Duty at Fort Moultrie South Carolina
1832: Special duty drawing maps at West Point Military Academy
1832 – 1833: Served in the Cherokee Nation
1833: Garrison Duty at Augusta Arsenal in Augusta Georgia
1833 – 1834: Garrison Duty at Fort Marion Florida
1834 – 1835: Served on Topographical Duty for U.S. Army
1836: 1st​ Lt. United States Army 2nd​ Artillery
1836: Made surveys in West Florida and Cape Cod Massachusetts
1836: Served in the Seminole War in Florida
1836: Resigned from United States Army on September 30th​
1836 – 1838: Civil Engineer assisting Major Bache and U.S. Govt.
1838 – 1848: 1st​ Lt. United States Army Topographical Engineers
1839: in charge of improvements on Chicago Illinois harbor
1839: Assistant Topographical Engineer at Oswego Harbor N.Y.
1840 – 1841: Assistant in U.S. Army Topographical Engineer Bureau
1842: Served on construction of a bridge in Washington D.C.
1842 – 1844: Assistant in U.S. Army Topographical Engineer Bureau
1844 – 1849: Assistant in charge of U.S. Army Coast Survey Office
1848 – 1861: Captain United States Army Topographical Engineers
1850 – 1851: Served on Topographical survey of Mississippi River
1851 – 1853: on sick leave from getting sick while on Mississippi River
1854 – 1861: Served on Explorations and Surveys for Railroads
1860: Member of the Board to revise program of instruction
1860: Member of Commission to examine organization and discipline
View attachment 380125
Civil War Career:
1861 – 1863: Major United States Army Topographical Engineers
1861 – 1862: Served on Staff of Major General George B. McClellan
1862: Colonel and Aide – de – camp in the Union Army
1862: Chief Topographical Engineer for the Army of the Potomac
1862: Served in the Siege of Yorktown Virginia
1862: Served in the Battle of Williamsburg Virginia
1862 – 1863: Brigadier General of Union Army Volunteers
1862: Served in the Battle of Malvern Hill Virginia
1862: Division Commander in Washington D.C.
1862: Served in the Battle of Antietam Maryland
1862: Served in the Battle of Fredericksburg Virginia
1862: Brevetted Colonel for Gallantry at Battle of Fredericksburg
1863 – 1866: Lt. Colonel United States Army Engineers
1863: Served in the Battle of Chancellorsville Virginia
1863: Served in the Battle of Gettysburg Pennsylvania
1863 – 1866: Major General Union Army Volunteers
1863 – 1864: Chief of Staff to Major General George Meade
1864 – 1865: Union Army Commander of Second Army Corps
1865: Corps Commander during Battle of Hatcher’s RunView attachment 380126
1865: Brevetted Brig. General U.S. Army for Gallantry at Gettysburg
1865: Brevetted Major General U.S. Army Gallantry at Saylor’s Creek
1865: Present at the Surrender at Appomattox Virginia
1865: Union Army Commander of District of Pennsylvania
1865 – 1866: In charge of examination of Mississippi Levees
1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on August 31st​

Occupation after War:
1866 – 1879: Brigadier General in United States Army
1866 – 1879: Chief of Engineers for United States Army
1870 – 1874: Member of United States Light house Board
1872 – 1877: Member of Commission examine Canal Routes
1872 – 1873: Member of Board on Washington Harbor Improvements
1875 – 1879: Member of Board on Staten Island
1877 – 1879: Member of Washington Monument Commission
1877 – 1879: Member of Advisory on Massachusetts Harbor
1877: Member of Examining Board of Moline Water Power Company
1879: Retired from United States Army on June 30th​ his own request


Died:
December 27, 1883
Place of Death: Washington D.C.
Cause of Death: General giving out of the vital powers
Age at time of Death: 73 years old
Burial Place: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.




View attachment 380127
Humphreys is described by Gordon C. Rhea (in his Overland series) as being "brilliant". I am not entirely sure where that judgement comes from, but he did serve as Grant's cheif of staff during the Overland Campaign, and his plans were what led to the events at the Wilderness.
During the Appommattox Campaign, he commanded the 2nd Corps, which, while it wasn't as potent as it had been a year prior, still contained brilliant officers like Nelson Miles.
 
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