{⋆★⋆} LG Hardee, William Joseph

William Joseph Hardee

:CSA1stNat:
Lt. General Hardee.jpg


Born: October 12, 1815

Birthplace: Rural Felicity Plantation, Camden County, Georgia

Father: Major John Hardee 1767 – 1838
(Buried: Hull Cemetery, Camden County, Georgia)

Mother: Sarah Ellis 1778 – 1848
(Buried: Hull Cemetery, Camden County, Georgia)

1st Wife: Elizabeth Dummett 1820 – 1853
(Buried: Saint Augustine National Cemetery, Saint Augustine, Florida)​

2nd Wife: Mary Foreman Lewis 1838 – 1875 (Married: 1864)
(Buried: Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Alabama)​

Children:

Anna Dummett Hardee Chambliss 1846 – 1936​
(Buried: Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Alabama)​
Private William Joseph Hardee 1847 – 1865​
(Buried: Saint Matthews Episcopal, Hillsborough, North Carolina)​

Education:

1838: Graduated from West Point Military Academy (26th in class)​

Occupation before War:

1838 – 1839: 2nd Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1838 – 1840: Served in the Seminole War in Florida​
1839 – 1844: 1st Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1840 – 1842: Studied at Cavalry School of Saumur, France​
1842 – 1843: Garrison Duty at Baton Rouge, Louisiana​
1843 – 1845: Frontier Duty at Fort Jesup, Louisiana​
1844 – 1860: Captain, United States Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1846: Captured at the Skirmish at La Rosia, Mexico​
1846: Prisoner of war held from April 25th – May 10th​
1847: Served in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mexico​
1847: Brevetted Captain for Gallantry at Siege of Vera Cruz, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Skirmish at Medellin, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Skirmish at La Hoya​
1847: Served in the Battle of Contreras, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Skirmish at San Augustin​
1847: Brevetted Lt. Colonel for Gallantry at San Augustin​
1847: Served in the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Capture of Mexico City, Mexico​
1848: Recruiter for United States Army​
1848: At Cavalry School of Practice in Carlisle, Pennsylvania​
1848 – 1849: Served in the march from Laredo to San Antonio​
1849 – 1851: Frontier Duty at Fort Inge, Texas​
1851: Served in the March to San Saba​
1851: Frontier Duty at San Antonio, Texas​
1851 – 1852: Leave of Absence from United States Army​
1852: Frontier Duty at Fort Graham, Texas​
1853 – 1856: Tactics Instructor West Point Military Academy
1602257323653.png
1853: Secretary of War Jefferson Davis orders Hardee to write an updated manual on the use and tactics of the new weapons now available, specifically the percussion rifle musket​
1855: Brevetted Major of United States Army, 2nd Cavalry​
1855: Hardee's manual is published, becoming the U.S. Army's guide for commissioned officers in the instruction of their command.​
Titled: Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics;
for Exercise and Maneuvres of Troops when acting as Light Infantry or Riflemen
Commonly known today as: "Hardee's Tactics"
Google Books: Vol II - "School of the Battalion", 1855 Edition
1856 – 1860: Commandant of Cadets, West Point Military Academy​
1860 – 1861: Lt. Colonel of United States Army, 1st Cavalry​
1860 – 1861: Leave of Absence from United States Army​
1861: Resigned from United States Army on January 31st​

Civil War Career:

1861: Colonel of Confederate Army Cavalry​
1861: Commander of Fort Gaines & Fort Morgan, Alabama​
1861: Brigadier General in the Confederate Army​
1861 – 1862: Major General of Confederate Army, Infantry​
1862: Recruiter of troops in Arkansas​
1862 – 1865: Lt. General of Confederate Army, Infantry
Before War.jpg
1862: Participated in the Battle of Shiloh​
1862: Participated in the Battle of Perryville​
1862: Participated in the Battle of Stones River​
1863: Participated in the Battle of Chickamuga​
1864: Participated in the Atlanta Campaign​
1864: Participated in the Battle of Jonesboro​
1864: Commander Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia, & Florida​
1865: Participated in the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina​
1865: Surrendered at Durham Station, Durham, North Carolina​

Occupation after War:

Worked on his wife's plantation in Alabama​
Warehouse and Insurance Businessman in Selma, Alabama​
President of Selma and Meridian Railroad Company​

Died:
November 6, 1873

Place of Death: Wytheville, Virginia

Cause of Death: Ill Health

Age at time of Death: 58 years old

Burial Place: Live Oak Cemetery, Selma, Alabama
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Polloco

Captain
Joined
Sep 15, 2018
Location
South Texas
Commissioned Lt. General on Oct. 10, 1862, one of his first assignments was leading the 2nd Corps in the Army of Tennessee. He was one of the original Lt. Generals under Confeferate law.
 

Polloco

Captain
Joined
Sep 15, 2018
Location
South Texas
He was recalled to the Army of Tennessee in Nov. of 1863 and he took over Leonidas Polk's corps at Chattanooga when Bragg had Polk court martialed and Polk's being sent to Mississippi by Jefferson Davis.
 

Luke Freet

First Sergeant
Forum Host
Joined
Nov 8, 2018
William Joseph Hardee:
:CSA1stNat:
Born: October 12, 1815View attachment 377822
Birthplace: Rural Felicity Plantation Camden County Georgia
Father: Major John Hardee 1767 – 1838
(Buried: Hull Cemetery Camden County Georgia)
Mother: Sarah Ellis 1778 – 1848
(Buried: Hull Cemetery Camden County Georgia)
1st Wife: Elizabeth Dummett 1820 – 1853
(Buried: Saint Augustine National Cemetery Saint Augustine Florida)
2nd Wife: Mary Foreman Lewis 1838 – 1875 (Married: 1864)
(Buried: Live Oak Cemetery Selma Alabama)
Children:
Anna Dummett Hardee Chambliss 1846 – 1936
(Buried: Live Oak Cemetery Selma Alabama)
Private William Joseph Hardee 1847 – 1865
(Buried: Saint Matthews Episcopal Hillsborough North Carolina)

Education:
1838: Graduated from West Point Military Academy (26th in class)

Occupation before War:
1838 – 1839: 2nd Lt. United States Army 2nd Dragoons
1838 – 1840: Served in the Seminole War in Florida
1839 – 1844: 1st Lt. United States Army 2nd Dragoons
1840 – 1842: Studied at Cavalry School of Saumur France
1842 – 1843: Garrison Duty at Baton Rouge Louisiana
1843 – 1845: Frontier Duty at Fort Jesup Louisiana
1844 – 1860: Captain United States Army 2nd Dragoons
1846: Captured at the Skirmish at La Rosia Mexico
1846: Prisoner of war held from April 25th – May 10th
1847: Served in the Siege of Vera Cruz Mexico
1847: Brevetted Captain for Gallantry at Siege of Vera Cruz Mexico
1847: Served in the Skirmish at Medellin Mexico
1847: Served in the Skirmish at La Hoya
1847: Served in the Battle of Contreras Mexico
1847: Served in the Skirmish at San Augustin
1847: Brevetted Lt. Colonel for Gallantry at San Augustin
1847: Served in the Battle of Molino del Rey Mexico
1847: Served in the Capture of Mexico City Mexico
1848: Recruiter for United States Army
1848: At Cavalry School of Practice in Carlisle Pennsylvania
1848 – 1849: Served in the march from Laredo to San Antonio
1849 – 1851: Frontier Duty at Fort Inge Texas
1851: Served in the March to San Saba
1851: Frontier Duty at San Antonio Texas
1851 – 1852: Leave of Absence from United States Army
1852: Frontier Duty at Fort Graham Texas
1853 – 1856: Tactics Instructor West Point Military Academy
1855: Brevetted Major of United States Army 2nd Cavalry
1856 – 1860: Commandant of Cadets West Point Military Academy
Publisher of Rifle and Light Infantry Tactics book
1860 – 1861: Lt. Colonel of United States Army 1st Cavalry
1860 – 1861: Leave of Absence from United States Army
1861: Resigned from United States Army on January 31st
View attachment 377823
Civil War Career:
1861: Colonel of Confederate Army Cavalry
1861: Commander of Fort Gaines & Fort Morgan in Alabama
1861: Brigadier General in the Confederate Army
1861 – 1862: Major General of Confederate Army Infantry
1862: Recruiter of troops in Arkansas
1862 – 1865: Lt. General of Confederate Army Infantry
1862: Participated in the Battle of Shiloh
1862: Participated in the Battle of Perryville
1862: Participated in the Battle of Stones River
1863: Participated in the Battle of Chickamuga
1864: Participated in the Atlanta Campaign
1864: Participated in the Battle of Jonesboro
1864: Commander Dept. of South Carolina, Georgia, & Florida
1865: Participated in the Battle of Bentonville North Carolina
1865: Surrendered at Durham Station Durham North Carolina

Occupation after War:
Worked on his wife's plantation in Alabama
Warehouse and Insurance Businessman in Selma Alabama
President of Selma and Meridian Railroad Company


Died:
November 6, 1873
Place of Death: Wytheville Virginia
Cause of Death: ill Health
Age at time of Death: 58 years old
Burial Place: Live Oak Cemetery Selma Alabama
Hardee was known as "Old Reliable", due to his relative competence in a theater known for incompetent commanders.
He's responsible for writing "Hardee's Tactics", which was the top army manual for infantry tactics used throughout the war.
He commanded a division-sized Corps at Shiloh, led half the Army of Mississippi into Kentucky and fought at Perryville. He was then made Lt. General in October of '62, and given command of the 2nd Corps of the Army of Tennessee. He commanded this Corps at Stones River. After the Tullahoma Campaign, General Bragg, in bad water with Hardee, had him replaced with D. H. Hill. After Chickamauga, he returned to command 1st Corps at Chattanooga, and breifly took command of the AoT after Bragg's resignation. He led 1st Corps through the Atlanta Campaign, was passed over for command of the Army with Hood, fought at Atlanta and Jonesborough, before leaving the AoT to take command of Confederate forces in Georgia. In this capacity, he opposed Sherman's march, but with too few troops on hand to do anything substantial. He led a Corps-Sized force in the Carolinas, commanding troops at Averasborough, and at Bentonville, his son Willie was killed at the last engagement.
However, Hardee is most known for being the mentor for Patrick Cleburne, probably the best commander in the AoT.
 

John Wolf Smith

Corporal
Joined
Nov 6, 2019
Location
Canada
Hardee's Corps at Bentonville had 5 Divisions and an unknown number of Districts under BG William B. Taliaferro, BG William T. Wofford, MG Gustavus W. Smith, MG Samuel Jones, MG Ambrose R. Wright and MG Lafayette McLaws. Smith, Wright and Wofford were in Georgia at the time and Jones was in Florida.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Smith’s Georgia Reserves Division: MG Gustavus W. Smith
Carswell’s Brigade: BG Reuben W. Carswell
Phillips’ Brigade: BG Pleasant J. Phillips
Anderson’s Brigade: BG Charles D. Anderson
Capers’ Brigade: BG Francis W. Capers
Wilson’s Georgia State Line: Col James Wilson

Jones’s Division: MG Samuel Jones
Miller's Brigade: BG William Miller
Trapier's Brigade: BG James H. Trapier
Jackson's Brigade: BG John K. Jackson

Wright’s Division: MG Ambrose R. Wright
Mercer's Brigade: BG Hugh Mercer
Robertson's Brigade: BG Beverly H. Robertson

McLaws’ Division: MG Lafayette McLaws
Conner's/Kennedy’s Brigade: BG John D. Kennedy
Fiser's Brigade: Col John C. Fiser
Harrison's Brigade: Col George P. Harrison
Hardy's Brigade: Col Washington Hardy
Reserve Brigade: Col James H. Fannin

Taliaferro’s Division: BG William B. Taliaferro
Elliott's Brigade: BG Stephen Elliott, Jr.
Rhett's Brigade: Col Alfred Rhett
(Attached to McLaws’ Division) Blanchard's Brigade: BG Albert G. Blanchard

District of Northern Georgia: BG William T. Wofford
 

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