★ ★  Banks, Nathaniel P.

Nathaniel Prentice Banks Jr.

Born: January 30, 1816
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Birthplace: Waltham, Massachusetts

Father: Nathaniel Prentice Banks Sr. 1783 – 1857
(Buried: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts)​

Mother: Rebecca Greenwood 1793 – 1873
(Buried: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts)​

Wife: Mary Theodosia Palmer 1819 – 1901
(Buried: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts)​

Married: April 11, 1847 in Waltham, Massachusetts

Children:

Henry Waltham Banks 1848 – 1853​
(Buried: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts)​
Joseph Fremont Banks 1855 – 1931​
(Buried: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts)​
Maude Banks 1857 – 1927​
(Buried: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts)​

Occupation before War:

Editor of Weekly Newspaper in Waltham, Massachusetts​
Attorney in Boston, Massachusetts​
1849 – 1852: Massachusetts State Representative
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1853: Member Massachusetts State Constitution Convention​
1853 – 1857: U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts​
1856 – 1857: Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives​
1858 – 1861: Governor of Massachusetts​
1860: Unsuccessful Candidate for Republican Nomination​
1860: Unsuccessful Candidate for Nomination as Vice President​
Vice President of Illinois Central Railroad​

Civil War Career:

1861: Was Considered for Cabinet position by President Lincoln​
1861 – 1865: Major General of Union Army Volunteers​
1861: Union Commander of Military District of Eastern Maryland​
1861: Union Commander of Military District of Western Maryland​
1861 – 1862: Union Army Commander, Department of the Shenandoah​
1862: Unsuccessful Union Army Commander, Valley Campaign in Virginia​
1862: Union Army Commander of 5th Army Corps​
1862: Union Army Commander, Department of the Shenandoah​
1862: Union Army Commander, First Battle of Winchester, Virginia​
1862: Union Army Commander, 2nd Army Corps Army of Virginia
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1862: Union Army Commander, Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia​
1862: Stationed with his troops at Bristoe Station, Virginia​
1862: Relieved of Command of his troops on September 12th
1862 – 1864: Army Union Commander, Army of the Gulf​
Held dinner parties in New Orleans, Louisiana​
1863: Union Army Commander, Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana​
1864: Union Army Commander, during Red River Campaign, Louisiana​
1864: Union Army Commander, Battle of Mansfield, Louisiana​
1864: Union Army Commander, Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana​
1865: Resigned as Major General in May​

Occupation after War:

Advocate of Manifest Destiny​
1865 – 1873: U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts​
1865 – 1873: Congressional Chairman of Foreign Affairs Committee​
1872: Supporter of Horace Greeley’s Presidential Campaign​
1875 – 1879: U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts​
1879 – 1888: United States Marshal for Massachusetts​
1889 – 1891: U.S. Congressman from Massachusetts​
1889 – 1891: Congressional Chairman of Interior Dept. Expenses​

Died: September 1, 1894

Place of Death: Waltham, Massachusetts

Age at time of Death: 78 years old

Burial Place: Grove Hill Cemetery, Waltham, Massachusetts
 
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