From the Alabama Department of Archives and History
The 14th Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized July 1861. The majority of its members were from Chambers county (5 companies) but there were also members from Montgomery and Auburn, and the counties of Randolph, Lowndes, Talladega, and Tallapoosa. Organized at Auburn, Alabama, under Colonel Thomas James Judge, Lieutenant Colonel David W. Baine, and Major Mickleberry Ferrell, and sent to Huntsville.
Company A "Cusseta Grays" (Chambers County)
Company B "Moore Guards" (Lowndes County)
Company C "Tom Watt's Grays" (Chambers County)
Company D "Yancey Grays" (Chambers County)
Company E "Gilmore's Greys" (Chambers County)
Company F "Billy Gilmer Grays" (Chambers County)
Company G "Hillabee Blues" (Tallapoosa County)
Company H "Jackson Avengers" (Tallapoosa County)
Company I "Hillabee Rifles" (Talladega County)
Company K "Louina Guards" (Randolph County)
Company L "Texas Invincibles" (no idea)
The regiment was ordered to Virginia and arrived at Fredericksburg in November 1861. On November 20, Major Ferrell resigned due to illness and Owen K. McLemore (an 1856 graduate of West Point) was promoted to major. On January 5, 1862, the regiment was ordered to Richmond in order to recover after suffering from disease in camp. General Holmes wrote “The regiment has suffered greatly from measles.”
In March of 1862, the regiment joined Magruder at Yorktown and by April 30 was assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division with about 700 effectives. On May 7, Major McLemore was transferred to the 4th Alabama. In the Seven Days Battles, the regimental casualties were 70 killed and 253 wounded. In the Battle of Frasier's Farm, Gen. Roger A. Pryor wrote: The Fourteenth Alabama bore the brunt of the struggle and was nearly annihilated.
The 14th Alabama participated in the Battles of Malvern Hill, Second Manassas, and Sharpsburg before being assigned to Wilcox's brigade, Anderson's division - with the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th Alabama regiments - for the Battle of Fredericksburg. At Gettysburg, the 14th lost 8 killed and 40 wounded out of 316 men engaged.
After the Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania, the regiment was assigned to Sander's Brigade, Mahone's Division and participated in the Siege of Petersburg and the Battle of Ream's Station. At Appomattox, the regiment surrendered 11 officers and 180 men.
Previous Civil War Talk threads about the 14th Alabama:
One of our members here at CWT @ddwhite14040 is working on a comprehensive history of the regiment.