How big were cavalry troops/regiments?

CanadianCanuck

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One thing I've never been clear on was exactly how large a troop or a regiment of cavalry was. Would a troop be the size of a company of infantry or smaller? Was a cavalry regiment the size of an infantry regiment?

I've never been able to properly figure that out.
 

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yellowthornoftexas

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depending. before or after combat... various accounts also of different sizes by the states they were raised in. Or...Dept of army (either U.S. or CS) regulations stating organization. Kinda like the 1st Texas INFANTRY, most regiments had 10 companies but the 1st had 12. So, who's to say Cav wassn't the same?
 

CanadianCanuck

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guess I was to slow... realized that it was not really a constructive reply.
Thanks though :tongue: I'm hoping to figure out how many cavalry were in a regiment on average in battles. It can be confusing, but I'm arriving at the number of roughly 500.
 

yellowthornoftexas

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Well again, and I'm no 'expert', but it all depends...Yes, as aagaard stated, there's army regulations, whether it's US or CS, but, as time went on, attrition, be it illness, battle casualties, furloughs, desertions, numbers differed. At the beginning of the war, some units were at full strength, others less. So, you can say '500', but you may only muster 375. One company may have 100, another only 20. Also, with attrition, the unit commander can disolve one or more units, say three companies and send those men to another company with in the Bn, Regt, what have you. It also depends on recruiting. The North had 'bounties' the South didn't (to the best of my knowledge, please someone correct me if I'm wrong). So, the dilema is, in the main question, How Big were they? The answer, depends....
 


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