Douglas Democratic Platform

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Document: Democratic Platform of 1860 (Douglas faction)

June 18, 1860 Baltimore, Maryland

1. Resolved, That we, the Democracy of the Union in Convention assembled, hereby declare our affirmance of the resolutions unanimously adopted and declared as a platform of principles by the Democratic convention at Cincinnati, in the year 1856, believing that Democratic principles are unchangeable in their nature, when applied to the same subject matters; and we recommend, as the only further resolutions, the following:

2. Inasmuch as difference of opinion exists in the Democratic Party as to the nature and extent of the powers of a Territorial Legislature, and as to the powers and duties of Congress, under the Constitution of the United States, over the institution of slavery within the Territories, Resolved, That the Democratic party will abide by the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States upon these questions of Constitutional law.

3. Resolved, That it is the duty of the United States to afford ample and complete protection to all its citizens, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or foreign born.

4. Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in a military, commercial, and postal point of view, is speedy communication between the Atlantic and Pacific States; and the Democratic party pledge such Constitutional Government aid as will insure the construction of a Railroad to the Pacific coast, at the earliest practicable period.

5. Resolved That the Democratic Party are in favor of the acquisition of the Island of Cuba on such terms as shall be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain.

6. Resolved, that the enactments of the State Legislatures to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effect.

7. Resolved, That it is in accordance with the interpretation of the Cincinnati platform, that during the existence of the Territorial Governments the measure of restriction, whatever it may be, imposed by the Federal Constitution on the power of the Territorial Legislature over the subject of the domestic relations, as the same has been, or shall hereafter be finally determined by the Supreme Court of the United States, should be respected by all good citizens, and enforced with promptness and fidelity by every branch of the general government.

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Presidential Candidate Profile:

Stephen Arnold Douglas Jr.:

Born: April 23, 1813

Birthplace: Brandon Vermont

Father: Dr. Stephen Arnold Douglas Sr. 1782 – 1813

(Buried: Congregational Church Cemetery Brandon Vermont)

Mother: Sarah “Sally” Fisk Granger 1789 – 1869

(Buried: Pioneers Cemetery Manchester New York)

1st Wife: Martha Denny Martin 1824 – 1853

(Buried: Settle Cemetery Rockingham North Carolina)

2nd Wife: Rose Adele Cutts 1835 – 1899

(Buried: Arlington National Cemetery Arlington Virginia)

Children:

Justice Robert Martin Douglas 1849 – 1917

(Buried: Green Hill Cemetery Greensboro North Carolina)

Stephen Arnold Douglas III 1850 – 1908

(Buried: Mount Hope Cemetery Chicago Illinois)

Mary Lucie Douglas 1853 – 1853

(Buried: Congressional Cemetery Washington D.C.)

Education:

Taught the Cabinet Maker’s trade

Attended Canandaigua Academy

Occupation:

School Teacher in Winchester Illinois

Attorney in Jacksonville Illinois

Political Career:

Illinois State Attorney for Morgan Circuit

1836 – 1837: Illinois State Representative

1837: Register of land office at Springfield Illinois

1838: Unsuccessful Candidate for US Congress

1840 – 1841: Illinois State Secretary of State

1840 – 1841: Judge of Illinois State Supreme Court

1843 – 1847: US Congressman from Illinois

1845 – 1847: Congressional Chairman of Territories Committee

1847 – Present: United States Senator from Illinois

1847 – 1859: Senate Chairman of Territories Committee

1852: Unsuccessful Candidate for Democratic Nomination

1856: Unsuccessful Candidate for Democratic Nomination

1858: Leader in Lincoln – Douglas Debates



Vice Presidential Candidate Profile:

Herschel Vespasian Johnson:

Born: September 18, 1812

Birthplace: Burke County Georgia

Father: Moses Ellis Elhannon Johnson 1776 – 1836

Mother: Nancy Palmer 1786 – 1855

(Buried: Hopeful Baptist Church Dyes Crossford Georgia)

Wife: Ann Fromentine Polk 1809 – 1884

(Buried: Louisville City Cemetery Louisville Georgia)

Education:

1834: Graduated from University of Georgia

Occupation:

Attorney in Louisville Georgia

Owner of Sandy Grove Plantation in Jefferson County Georgia

Attorney in Milledgeville Georgia

1857 – Present: Living at his Plantation in Louisville Georgia

Political Career:

1843: Unsuccessful Candidate for U.S. Congress

1847: Unsuccessful Candidate for Governor of Georgia

1848 – 1849: United States Senator from Georgia

1848 – 1849: Senate Chairman of District of Columbia Committee

1849 – 1853: Judge of Superior Court Ocmulgee Circuit

1852: Democratic Party Presidential Elector

1853 – 1857: Governor of Georgia

* Please note present means at the time of 1860 Election*


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