Ok, so it wasn't only at the beginning of the war this confusion existed? Wow, interesting, plus you'd have thought some of these militia would have had more regard for their own skin. I realize many never got as far as a battlefield but some did- it can't have been comfortable wearing exactly the wrong color. It must have been tough enough ascertaining friend from foe in the spur of the moment, as it were. I just read of an instance where General Morgan put on a Union uniform and rode up to a Union picket line where he reprimanded the soldiers for not recognizing him as Officer of the Day- which of course they didn't. He then placed them 'under arrest' for the misdemeaner, took them back to the next post where he did the same, etc- eventually captured the entire position. I forget exactly how many and whom- but it must have been really, really confusing. Not only did you have to worry about your own side wearing a color you could recognize across the board, but also by the easiest of ruses the enemy could look just like you!