★ ★  Wright, Horatio G.

Horatio Gouverneur Wright

Born: March 6, 1828
Wright.jpg


Birthplace:
Clinton, Connecticut

Father: Edward Wright 1782 – 1867
(Buried: Indian River Cemetery, Clinton, Connecticut)​

Mother: Nancy Elderkin 1784 – 1873
(Buried: Indian River Cemetery, Clinton, Connecticut)​

Wife: Louisa Marcella Bradford 1821 – 1900
(Buried: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia)​

Children:

Edward Bradford Wright 1849 – 1872​
(Buried: Indian River Cemetery, Clinton, Connecticut)​
Rose Wright Smith 1852 – 1921​
(Buried: Indiana River Cemetery, Clinton, Connecticut)​

Education:

1841: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (2nd in class)​

Occupation before War:

1841 – 1848: 2nd Lt. United States Army Corps of Engineers​
1841 – 1842: Assistant of United States Army Engineers Board​
1842 – 1843: Assistant French Teacher at West Point​
1843: Assistant Engineering Professor at West Point​
1843 – 1844: Principal Assistant Engineering Professor​
1844 – 1846: Assistant to United States Army Engineers Board​
1845: On Military Inspection with U.S. Secretary of War​
1845 – 1856: Superintendent Engineer for Building Fort Jefferson​
1848 – 1855: 1st Lt. United States Army Corps of Engineers
Wright 1.jpg
1852 – 1853: Superintendent Engineer repairs on St. Augustine Sea​
1852 – 1853: Light House Engineer in the State of Florida​
1854 – 1855: Superintendent Engineer for building Fort Taylor​
1855 – 1861: Captain, United States Army Corps of Engineers​
1856 – 1861: Assistant to Chief Engineer of U.S. Army in Washington​
1860: Member of Board for arranging details of Iron Carriages​

Civil War Career:

1861: Chief Engineer of Expedition to destroy Norfolk Navy Yard in Virginia​
1861: Volunteer Aide to General Heintzleman​
1861: Offered and Declined Major of U.S. Army 13th Infantry Regiment​
1861: Engineer for constructing Fort Ellsworth in Washington Defense​
1861: Chief Engineer on the Staff of Heintzleman at First Bull Run​
1861: Chief Engineer for the Expedition to Port Royal, South Carolina​
1861 – 1865: Major United States Army Corps of Engineers​
1861 – 1863: Brigadier General Union Army Volunteers Infantry​
1861: Present at the capture of Hilton Head, South Carolina​
1862: Commander of Land Forces in the Florida Expedition​
1862: Served in capture of Fernandina, Jacksonville & St. Augustine​
1862: Division Commander in the Battle of Secessionville, South Carolina​
1862 – 1863: Union Army Commander Department of Ohio
Wright 2.jpg
1862 – 1863: Major General, Union Army Volunteers Infantry​
1863: Union Army Commander District of Louisville, Kentucky​
1863: Served in the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania​
1863: Served in the pursuit of the retreating Enemy​
1863: Served in the fighting at Rappahannock Station, Virginia​
1863: Brevetted Lt. Colonel for Gallantry at Rappahannock Station​
1864: Member of Board to reorganize system of Sea Coast Forts​
1864: Served in the Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia​
1864: Wounded in the thigh at Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia​
1864 – 1866: Major General Union Army Volunteers Infantry​
1864: Brevetted Colonel for Gallantry at the Battle of Spotsylvania​
1864: Served in the Defense of the Capital in Washington Campaign​
1864 – 1865: Commander of Sixth Army Corps Army of the Potomac​
1864: Wounded in the chin at the Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia​
1865: Brevetted Brigadier General for Gallantry at Cold Harbor​
1865: Brevetted Major General for Gallantry at Capture of Petersburg​
1865: Served in the Fighting at Appomattox Court House, Virginia​
1865: Served in the March to North Carolina with Sixth Army Corps​
1865: Served as Commander of Sixth Army Corps to Washington, D.C.​
1865 – 1866: Commander of Union Army Department of Texas​
1865 – 1879: Lt. Colonel, United States Army Corps of Engineers​
1866: Mustered out of Service in the Union Army on September 1st

Occupation after War:

1865 – 1879: Lt. Colonel, United States Army Corps of Engineers​
1879: Colonel, United States Army Corps of Engineers​
1879 – 1884: Brigadier General and Chief Engineer in U.S. Army​
1879 – 1884: Member of Join commission on Washington Monument​
1879 – 1884: Member of United States Lighthouses Board​
1884: Retired from the United States Army on March 6th

Died: July 2, 1899

Place of Death: Washington, D.C.

Cause of Death: Cirrhotic nephritis

Age at time of Death: 79 years old

Burial Place: Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia
 
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Tom Elmore

1st Lieutenant
Member of the Year
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Jan 16, 2015
Prior to attending the U.S. Military Academy, Wright attended Norwich University, in Norwich, Vermont, from 1834-1836. He commanded First Division, Sixth Corps at Gettysburg - after Pickett's Charge was repulsed on July 3, Wright and Sedgwick met with Meade on the north slope of Little Round Top.

Sources:
-Norwich University, Her History, Her Graduates, Her Roll of Honor, compiled by William A. Ellis. (Concord, NH: The Rumford Press, 1898), pp. 201-202.
-Correspondence with Samuel W. Crawford, Jr., Address Delivered Wednesday, 28th November 1866, in Feller’s Hall, Madalin, Township of Red Hook, Duchess Co., New York, by J. Watts De Peyster, p.99.
 
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