★ ★  Wood, Thomas J.

Thomas John Wood

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Wood.jpg


Born: September 25, 1823

Birthplace: Munfordville, Kentucky

Father: George Twyman Wood 1796 – 1876
(Buried: Wood Family Cemetery, Munfordville, Kentucky)​

Mother: Elizabeth Helm
(Buried: Wood Family Cemetery, Munfordville, Kentucky)​

Wife: Caroline Elizabeth Greer 1840 – 1925
(Buried: Woodland Cemetery, and Arboretum, Dayton, Ohio)​

Children:

George Henry Wood 1867 – 1945​
(Buried: Woodland Cemetery, and Arboretum, Dayton, Ohio)​
Thomas John Wood Jr. 1876 – 1942​
(Buried: Woodland Cemetery, and Arboretum, Dayton, Ohio)​

Education:

1845: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (5th in class)​

Occupation before War:

1845 – 1846: Brevet 2nd Lt. United States Army, Topographical Engineers​
1846: Served in the Battle of Palo Alto, Mexico​
1846: Served in the Battle of Monterrey, Mexico​
1846: Brevet 2nd Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1846 – 1851: 2nd Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1847: Served in the Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico​
1847: Brevetted 1st Lt. for Gallantry at Battle of Buena Vista​
1848: Garrison duty in New Orleans, Louisiana​
1848 – 1849: Served on March through Texas to McCulloch’s Station​
1849: Frontier Duty at Fort Croghan, Texas​
1849: Aide – de – camp to Brevet Brig. General Harney​
1849 – 1854: Adjutant for U.S. Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1850 – 1851: Frontier Duty at San Antonio, Texas​
1851 – 1855: 1st Lt. United States Army, 2nd Dragoons​
1851 – 1852: Served on the Rio Grande​
1852: Frontier Duty in Austin, Texas​
1852: Frontier Duty at Fort Croghan, Texas​
1852 – 1853: Frontier Duty at San Antonio, Texas​
1853: Frontier Duty at Fort Mason, Texas​
1853 – 1854: Frontier Duty at Austin Texas​
1854 – 1855: Recruiter for United States Army​
1855: Served on the Sioux Expedition​
1855 – 1861: Captain, United States Army, 1st Cavalry Regiment​
1855 – 1856: Served at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas​
1856 – 1857: Served in the Kansas disturbances​
1857: Escort for Lt. Colonel Johnston while in Kansas Territory​
1858 – 1859: Frontier Duty at Fort Washita, Indian Territory​
1859 – 1861: Leave of Absence from army while in Europe​

Civil War Career:

1861: Major of United States Army 1st Cavalry Regiment​
1861: Organizer and Mustering Union Army Volunteers​
1861: Lt. Colonel of United States Army, 1st Cavalry Regiment​
1861 – 1865: Brigadier General of Union Army Volunteers​
1861: Union Army Commander of Camp Nevin Kentucky​
1861 – 1868: Colonel of United States Army, 2nd Cavalry Regiment​
1862: Served in the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee​
1862: Served in the Siege of Corinth, Mississippi​
1862: Guarded and repaired Railroads in North Alabama, and Middle Tennessee​
1862: Engaged in pursuing the Confederates under Forrest​
1862: Served in the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky​
1862: In Pursuit of the Confederates, to the Cumberland Mountains​
1862: Wounded at the Battle of Stones River, Tennessee​
1863: Division Commander in Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia​
1863: Division Commander in the Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee​
1863 – 1864: Served in the Eastern Tennessee Campaign​
1863: Served in the March for the relief of Knoxville, Tennessee​
1864: Division Commander at Battle of Resaca, Georgia​
1864: Division Commander at Battle of Kennesaw Mountain​
1864: Wounded at the Battle of Lovejoy Station, Georgia​
1864: Served in the Occupation of Atlanta, Georgia​
1864: Division Commander in Sherman’s March to the Sea​
1864 – 1865: Union Army Commander, 4th Army Corps​
1864: Corps Commander during Battle of Franklin, Tennessee​
1864: Corps Commander during Battle of Nashville, Tennessee​
1865 – 1866: Major General of Union Army, Volunteers​
1865: Brevetted Brig. General U.S. Army for Battle of Chickamauga​
1865: Brevetted Major General U.S. Army for Battle of Nashville​
1865: Union Army Commander of Division of East Tennessee​
1865: Union Army Commander at Nashville, Tennessee​
1865: Union Army Commander in Texas​
1865: Union Army Commander, Central District of Arkansas​
1865 – 1866: Union Army Commander, Department of Mississippi​
1866 – 1867: Union Army Commander, District of Mississippi​
1866: Mustered out of the Union Army on September 1st

Occupation after War:

1861 – 1868: Colonel of United States Army, 2nd Cavalry Regiment​
1866 – 1867: Union Army Commander, District of Mississippi​
1867 – 1868: Regimental Commander at Fort McPherson, Nebraska​
1868: Retired from U.S. Army on June 9th as Major General​
1872: His retired rank of Major General changed to Brig. General​
Active Member of the Grand Army of the Republic​
Member of Board of Visitors for West Point Military Academy​
Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of United States​
1892 – 1906: Member of the Aztec club of 1847​

Died: February 26, 1906

Place of Death: Dayton, Ohio

Cause of Death: Bad Health

Age at time of Death: 82 years old

Burial Place: U.S. Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York
 
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It was his division that created that famous gap at Chickamauga on the second day. He was ordered by Rosecrans directing him to move to the left to fill a gap( which did not exist) His movement created a real gap a quarter mile wide. This "created gap" is the one where Longstreets Soldiers poured into. This sent nearly 2/3s of the Union army fleeing toward Chattanooga.
 
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James N.

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Thomas J. Wood CDV.jpg

Wartime CDV photo of then-Brigadier General Thomas J. Wood - the one in the op shows Wood as a company grade dragoon officer before the war, identifiable by his single-breasted frock coat and the crossed sabres insignia on his M.1858 Hardee Hat..
 
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