Why Did Arkansas Secede?

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OpnCoronet

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The majority of Arkansas white population certainly supported secession at least early in the war. There was considerable Unionist sentiment as well and over 10k white Unionists did enlist in the Union Army.
Leftyhunter



True enough, but does not make Arkansas proclamation of resistance to Union coercion any the less unseemly in the light of actual events.
 

unionblue

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It was for the same reasons as the other seceding Upper South states (Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee) they didn't want to send troops to suppress the Lower South (South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas).
And they were all terrified that the institution of slavery, an institution they all shared, would not be secure under Lincoln and a Republican administration.
 
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unionblue

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And they were right!
They thought they were right, just as they thought they could get away with out and out rebellion.

In this type of thought, they were proved wrong in the end.

Absolutely. And he said so.
Poor Lincoln. President of a nation whose constitution required him to keep the nation intact in the face of numerous cases of theft, aggression, and unlawful rebellion.
 

CSA Today

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It was for the same reasons as the other seceding Upper South states (Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee) they didn't want to send troops to suppress the Lower South (South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas).
Allan Nevin describes Arkansas and the three other Upper South States' reasons for secession:

"As for the Upper South, it seceded tardily, reluctantly, and for special reasons. It had been divided on the expediency of secession even though it maintained the abstract right, and on the whole, was against the step. But when Lincoln called for the armed forces to coerce the Lower South—when he challenged the right of secession-- the Upper South felt it had no alternative but to stalk through the open door. It left the Union because, holding that the States had never surrendered their individual sovereignty, it condemned the Federal coercion of any State.”

Allan Nevins, The Statesmanship Of The Civil War, p.31.
 

OpnCoronet

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Allan Nevin describes Arkansas and the three other Upper South States' reasons for secession:

"As for the Upper South, it seceded tardily, reluctantly, and for special reasons. It had been divided on the expediency of secession even though it maintained the abstract right, and on the whole, was against the step. But when Lincoln called for the armed forces to coerce the Lower South—when he challenged the right of secession-- the Upper South felt it had no alternative but to stalk through the open door. It left the Union because, holding that the States had never surrendered their individual sovereignty, it condemned the Federal coercion of any State.”

Allan Nevins, The Statesmanship Of The Civil War, p.31.



Once again, on this thread, no mention of why, exactly, Lincoln called for Armed forces.... . As usual, Arkansas, or, its leaders, in any event, were more concerned with protecting the rights of SC, than of the peoples of the Union, of which Arkansas was an integral part.
 
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CSA Today

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Once again, on this thread, no mention of why, exactly, Lincoln called for Armed forces.... . As usual, Arkansas, or, its leaders, in any event, were more concerned with protecting the rights of SC, than of the peoples of the Union, of which Arkansas was an integral part.
I would say so. Or as a pre-war unionist and North Carolina's wartime Governor Zebulon B. Vance exclaimed after hearing of Lincoln's call for troops:
“if war must come I preferred to be with my own people. If we had to shed blood, I preferred to shed Northern blood rather than Southern blood."
 

unionblue

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Well to be honest back then the goal of the Union hadn't reached towards abolishing slavery yet but simply to preserve it.
I agree, with the further understanding, that the Union was willing to leave slavery alone where it already existed.

But the Southern slaveholding states had reached the conclusion, long before Lincoln took office, that there was a great fear of slavery not being secure under Lincoln and a Republican administration.

The Union initially fought to preserve itself.

The Confederacy fought to protect and defend slavery.
 
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