Billiards is an ancient sport but most forms of the cue sports played today are mostly 20th Century games. Prior to the invention of the cue stick in the late 1600s the ball was hit with a mace. Shakespeare mentioned billiards.
It appears that the cue sport game of choice during the Civil War era was "English Billiards" which is played with three balls and six pockets. Snooker was popular in England by this time but the twenty-two ball game was not very popular in the United States. In the 1870s "American Four-ball" with four balls and four pockets started to replace the three ball game. I am not sure billiards was considered a gentleman's game or more of a game for the common man. I also am not sure where most billiard tables were located. Has anyone seen if women of the Civil War era played billiards?
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