This is a subject near and dear to my heart so I will try to remain detached. Suffice to say it is a complex issue and no simple answer (western Virginia was all union, western Viginia was all confederate) will do. First, in response to trice's list: it will be observed that most of the southern and eastern counties of present WV are not included on that list... There was strong support in the northwest portion of the state but they seem to have press-ganged in a few counties that were loyal to Virginia. Greenbrier, Pendleton, Monroe, and Pocahontas in particular had large percentages of their young men in the Confederate army, but I guess the Wheelingists thought the Alleghanies would make a good border. Odd how the old story always goes as how "there were few slaves in the mountains of western Virginia so they decided to stay with the north..." when the actual mountaineers seem to have been mostly sympathetic to the south and Unionism was mostly to be found in the northern part of the Ohio River Valley, and parts of the Alleghany Plateau. The following map (of the referendum of 1861) I think is a good indicator of sentiment, although a better would be a map showing how many soldiers each county sent to either army. (Richard O. Curry in "A House Divided", pgs. 141-152.) Most of the gray areas were at least partially occupied occupied by the Confederate army, so they probably didn't vote at all (don't know how the vote was arranged) but from the areas which do have returns I think one can get a basic feel for the geographic distribution of sentiment. The second map shows counties which voted for Viginia's Secession from the Union. Note the basic trend. D.H.