Angelina Grimke and her sister Sarah Moore Grimkeforgive me for my memory loss when it comes to names. But one of the great woman abolitionists was from South Carolina a wealthy planters daughter who gave support and help to many African Americans . I have remembered the story from long ago it always impressed me that someone of privilege would give it all up to help others. I'm sure there are more I am no longer able to do the research I use to do but there were many southern sympathizes. I honestly believe that was one of the reasons some Southerners push for the war they were afraid of southern people starting to turn their backs on slavery.
I know here in Missouri, because of the smaller scale of slavery, more of the slaves tended to be skilled slaves with trades that could be rented out, and it was up to the owners what would happen with the wages of course. But its not unusual to come across cases were the slaves were allowed to keep enough of their rental wages that they could eventually buy their own freedom. Quite a few appear to have been stone masons for chimney and foundation work.Youd be surprised how many urban enslaved people hired their time out and made wages.... Including River Pilots like Billy Bugg, Moses Dallas and I forget his first name right now but his last name Tattnall... by law African Americans had to have the legal status of enslaved to be pilots... and these three were GOOD at their jobs..
but, what do I know....
That's really interesting. Do you know why they had to have that status?Youd be surprised how many urban enslaved people hired their time out and made wages.... Including River Pilots like Billy Bugg, Moses Dallas and I forget his first name right now but his last name Tattnall... by law African Americans had to have the legal status of enslaved to be pilots... and these three were GOOD at their jobs..
but, what do I know....
Tattnall would serve as a Pilot for the South Atlantic Blockade Squadron. Bugg and Dallas would serve in the Savannah Squadron.. Dallas was so highly regarded that he requested and recieved a pay raise to $100 a month in 1863 from the Navy Department in RichmondThat's really interesting. Do you know why they had to have that status?
I have heard or read (maybe in a narrative?) about enslaved paying other free or enslaved people to help them get to certain routes or to the North.
And thanks for the info about River Pilots - reading more about this now.
About that... http://www.snopes.com/jocko-lawn-jockey-racist/I have recently read of an account by an african American woman who was living in the deep South of putting a "Lawn Jockey" she called it a horse walker. AKA "Jocko". and how the symbol was used by the Underground RR to indicate that the owners of the property were part of the RR and different apparel would signify different degrees of assistance. I dont really see that much of a need to encode such help in the North, yet, I spend a good deal of time in Springfield MA and I am told by many African Americans that there was a great deal of RR activity, and we have witnessed tunnels that appear to have no other purpose than moving people covertly. I imagine it would have been near impossible for the RR to work w/o assistance in the South.....try traveling 500 miles without being given food, water or shelter. I know there is plenty of water along the way but Im not so sure how much of that water is drinkable
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