Were Slave Owners Offered Reparations Under Lincoln in 1862?

gem

2nd Lieutenant
Joined
Oct 26, 2012
Were Slave Owners Offered Reparations Under Lincoln in 1862?
 
Lincoln offered a plan for the Federal government to reimburse slave owners in the Border states around $400 per slave if they emancipated them under a gradual emancipation program, which each state turned down. A reimbursement is different than reparations in that reparations is a payment to those who have been wronged for past government actions.
 

BDK1066

Private
Joined
Nov 22, 2018
In March 1862 he (Lincoln) proposed that federal compensation be offered any state which began gradual emancipation. The cost in the border states, he estimated, would about equal the cost of 87 days of the war. The plan failed in Congress because of border state opposition, but on April 16, 1862, Lincoln signed an act which abolished slavery in the District of Columbia, with compensation to owners,
 

JPK Huson 1863

Brev. Brig. Gen'l
Joined
Feb 14, 2012
Location
Central Pennsylvania
Lincoln signed an act which abolished slavery in the District of Columbia, with compensation to owners


Boy was DC slow anyway. The press busted a scandal, finding prisons stuffed with both freemen and ex-enslaved. They were people who couldn't prove who they were. Put in prisons until ' owners ' could claim them. Crazy stuff. DC was a hugely Southern city, officials seemed slow to respond to Lincoln's act. I think it was Seward who waded into that shambles and got those poor people out of there.
 

gem

2nd Lieutenant
Joined
Oct 26, 2012
In March 1862 he (Lincoln) proposed that federal compensation be offered any state which began gradual emancipation. The cost in the border states, he estimated, would about equal the cost of 87 days of the war. The plan failed in Congress because of border state opposition, but on April 16, 1862, Lincoln signed an act which abolished slavery in the District of Columbia, with compensation to owners,


Ok. Thanks. That was what I was getting at.

The District of Columbia Emancipation Act
https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/dc-emancipation-act


"On April 16, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill ending slavery in the District of Columbia. Passage of this law came 8 1/2 months before President Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation. The act brought to a conclusion decades of agitation aimed at ending what antislavery advocates called "the national shame" of slavery in the nation's capital. It provided for immediate emancipation, compensation to former owners who were loyal to the Union of up to $300 for each freed slave, voluntary colonization of former slaves to locations outside the United States, and payments of up to $100 for each person choosing emigration. Over the next 9 months, the Board of Commissioners appointed to administer the act approved 930 petitions, completely or in part, from former owners for the freedom of 2,989 former slaves.
Although its combination of emancipation, compensation to owners, and colonization did not serve as a model for the future, the District of Columbia Emancipation Act was an early signal of slavery's death. In the District itself, African Americans greeted emancipation with great jubilation. For many years afterward, they celebrated Emancipation Day on April 16 with parades and festivals."
 
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