Virginia Ordnance of Secession and President Janney

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gentlemanrob

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John Janney:

Born: November 8, 1798

Birthplace: Alexandria Virginia

Father: Elisha Janney 1761 – 1827

(Buried: Fairfax Friends Cemetery Waterford Virginia)

Mother: Mary Gibson 1777 – 1846

Wife: Alicia Marmaduke 1800 – 1881

(Buried: Union Cemetery Leesburg Virginia)

Occupation:

Attorney in Leesburg Virginia

Leader in the Whig Political Party

1831: Helped draft a Bill to abolish Slavery in Virginia

1833 – 1845: Member of Virginia State House of Delegates

Owner of Ashburn Farm 500 Acres in Loudon County Virginia

1839: Candidate for Whig Political Party Vice President Nomination

1847: Defended a slave in Court

1850: Delegate to Virginia State Constitution Convention

1861: President of Virginia State Secession Convention

1861 – 1872: Attorney in Loudon County Virginia


Died: January 5, 1872

Place of Death: Loudon County Virginia

Age at time of Death: 73 years old

Burial Place: Union Cemetery Leesburg Virginia


Janney.jpg


Janney 1.jpg


Virginia Ordnance.jpg


Virginia
AN ORDINANCE to repeal the ratification of the Constitution of the United State of America by the State of Virginia, and to resume all the rights and powers granted under said Constitution.

The people of Virginia in their ratification of the Constitution of the United States of America, adopted by them in convention on the twenty-fifth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, having declared that the powers granted under said Constitition were derived from the people of the United States and might be resumed whensoever the same should be perverted to their injury and oppression, and the Federal Government having perverted said powers not only to the injury of the people of Virginia, but to the oppression of the Southern slave-holding States:

Now, therefore, we, the people of Virginia, do declare and ordain, That the ordinance adopted by the people of this State in convention on the twenty-fifth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight, whereby the Constitution of the United States of America was ratified, and all acts of the General Assembly of this State ratifying and adopting amendments to said Constitution, are hereby repealed and abrogated; that the union between the State of Virginia and the other States under the Constitution aforesaid is hereby dissolved, and that the State of Virginia is in the full possession and exercise of all the rights of sovereignty which belong and appertain to a free and independent State.

And they do further declare, That said Constitution of the United States of America is no longer binding on any of the citizens of this State.

This ordinance shall take effect and be an act of this day, when ratified by a majority of the voter of the people of this State cast at a poll to be taken thereon on the fourth Thursday in May next, in pursuance of a schedule hereafter to be enacted.

Adopted by the convention of Virginia April 17,1861.
 
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Potomac Pride

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The Ordinance of Secession of Virginia referred to their original ratification document of the Constitution which allowed for secession if the federal government became oppressive. After Lincoln's Call for Troops in 1861, Virginia considered the use of military force by the federal government against the southern states to be oppressive which resulted in their decision to secede. Virginia considered the coercion by the federal government against the other southern states to be unconstitutional and an abuse of power.
 

Stone in the wall

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For anybody interested : John Janney's Virginia, is a book John wrote about his childhood growing up in Virginia. Janney's store in Lincoln, Va is now a U.S. Post Office and was owned by Samuel Janney at the time of the ACW. Last time I was there it was still run by his descendants. Here I bought the book, and a nice large 1850's map of Loudon county.
 
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unionblue

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The Ordinance of Secession of Virginia referred to their original ratification document of the Constitution which allowed for secession if the federal government became oppressive. After Lincoln's Call for Troops in 1861, Virginia considered the use of military force by the federal government against the southern states to be oppressive which resulted in their decision to secede. Virginia considered the coercion by the federal government against the other southern states to be unconstitutional and an abuse of power.
Still think all should read the record of Virginia's Secession Convention to see how the issue of slavery was mentioned more than any other issue.
 

unionblue

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Still think all should read the record of Virginia's Secession Convention to see how the issue of slavery was mentioned more than any other issue.
While this thread shows the Virginia Ordnance of Secession, it might be one's worth while to see the secession convention records of how they came to a secession ordinance.

Virginia's Secession Convention.


The records are searchable and key words and quotes can be accessed byt he site's search engine.

Just for fun, type in the word "tariff" and see how many times that topic is brought up during the convention.

Then type in the word "slavery" or "slave" and see how many times that topic is discussed.

Have fun,
Unionblue
 
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