USCT Appomattox Veteran

ForeverFree

Major
Joined
Feb 6, 2010
Location
District of Columbia

Rare Image of USCT Appomattox Veteran Found / from History.net

One of the Checkerboard: Thousands of United States Colored Troops made the march to Appomattox, but no identified photograph of any of them has been found until recently.
The United States Colored Troops present at Appomattox in April 1865 made history on a number of levels. Not only were they part of the black and white forces—a “regular checker-board” in the eyes of one Union staff officer—that brought Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to bay, but they were also a living, breathing example of the social restructuring that the conflict had brought about.​
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Though a Corporal when this image was made, John Peck of the 8th USCT was a Sergeant when he was present at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865. (Image courtesy the Ron Rittenhouse Collection)
For many years historians estimated there were 2,000 USCTs present at Lee’s surrender, but modern studies have proved that estimate was far too low. In 2013–2014 the Appomattox 1865 Foundation, the friends group for Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, obtained a grant so a researcher could look through the Compiled Military Service Record of each soldier in the nine USCT regiments that participated in the Appomattox Campaign and account for each soldier present in April 1865. The count resulting from that research found that the six USCT regiments on the battlefield the morning of April 9, 1865, numbered between 4,000 and 5,000 men. The regiments were large by 1864 standards. Though they had seen some action, their attrition rate was still low: Each regiment present numbered from 661 to 901 men.​
Despite those numbers, no identified wartime photo of a USCT enlisted man who had been present at Appomattox was known of until this last summer, when John Peck’s image appeared in the special issue produced by Civil War Times, 1864: A Year of Relentless War. A quick check of the new list confirmed that Peck had indeed been present at the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, and that at last an image of an Appomattox USCT had surfaced.​

More is at this link.
 

ForeverFree

Major
Joined
Feb 6, 2010
Location
District of Columbia
Did any of the USCT participate in the Grand Review? Are there any photos of them in that if the did? Good to see you Alan!
They did not participate in the Grand Review. Many have said this was due prejudice against black soldiers. The late Hari Jones, who was the curator for the African American Civil War Museum, disagreed, saying that many of the black soldiers were shipped out to Texas at the same time as the Review, and were simply unavailable to take part in that ceremony.

If you go here, you can read about a USCT review that was conducted for Abraham Lincoln in VA: The March 1865 Review of the Union’s Black Soldiers: “President Lincoln was deeply moved at the sight of these Negro troops”

- Alan
 

unionblue

Brev. Brig. Gen'l
Member of the Year
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Feb 20, 2005
Location
Ocala, FL (as of December, 2015).
They did not participate in the Grand Review. Many have said this was due prejudice against black soldiers. The late Hari Jones, who was the curator for the African American Civil War Museum, disagreed, saying that many of the black soldiers were shipped out to Texas at the same time as the Review, and were simply unavailable to take part in that ceremony.

If you go here, you can read about a USCT review that was conducted for Abraham Lincoln in VA: The March 1865 Review of the Union’s Black Soldiers: “President Lincoln was deeply moved at the sight of these Negro troops”

- Alan
@ForeverFree ,

You will find confirmation of this fact in the book, The Union War, by Gary Gallagher, chapter 1, The Grand Review, pg. 9-12. Most black troops of the XXV Corps were shipped out by sea to the Texas border to keep an eye on French troops in Mexico.

Sincerely,
Unionblue
 

Bryan_C

First Sergeant
Joined
Jul 21, 2012
Location
North of Fort Stevens, DC
Did any of the USCT participate in the Grand Review? Are there any photos of them in that if the did? Good to see you Alan!

It is true that USCT regiments of the XXV Corps were sent to Texas, just before the May 1865 Grand Review parades in Washington City, DC. But USCT soldiers DID participate in the Grand Review.

Special Orders 131 is from the Official Records, Series 1, Volume 47, part 3, page 557. The other images are from the pension file of Private Huycen Ford (various spellings of his name), Company E, 135th USCI, who documents his participation in the parade.

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