★  Turchin, John B.

John Basil Turchin


Born: January 30, 1822

Birthname: Ivan Vasilyevich Turchaninov

Birthplace: Don Host Oblast, Russian Empire (Ukraine)

Father: Russian Major Claus Dreschen

Dorthea Dollstedt

Wife: Nadine A. Lvova 1826 – 1904
(Buried: Mound City National Cemetery, Mound City, Illinois)​

Married: May 10, 1856, in Krakow, Poland


1852: Graduated from Imperial Military Academy​

Occupation before War:

1843 – 1856: Served in the Russian Army rising to Colonel​
Immigrated to the United States settling in Chicago, Illinois​
Worked for the Illinois Central Railroad Company​

Civil War Career:

1861 – 1862: Colonel of 19th Illinois Volunteers Infantry Regiment​
Led his regiment in Missouri and Kentucky​
1862: Served in Kentucky and Tennessee​
1862: Helped capture Huntsville, Alabama​
1862: His regiments were Over run at Athens, Alabama​
1862: Charges of neglect were brought up against him in court martial​
1862 – 1864: Brigadier General Union Army Volunteers​
1862: Received a hero’s welcome in Chicago, Illinois​
1863: Distinguished himself at Battle of Chickamuga, Georgia​
1863: Distinguished himself at Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee​
1864: Served in the Atlanta, Georgia Campaign​
1864: Resigned from the Army after suffering a heatstroke​

Occupation after War:

Patent Solicitor and Civil Engineer in Chicago, Illinois​
Real Estate Businessman and Settler of Immigrants Southern Illinois​
1900: Received a pension from congress as a private pension​
Lived at Southern Illinois Hospital for Insane suffering Dementia​

Died: June 18, 1901

Place of Death:
Southern Illinois Hospital for Insane

Cause of Death: Effects of Dementia

Age at time of Death:
79 years old

Burial Place: Mound City National Cemetery, Mound City, Illinois
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First Sergeant
Jun 18, 2018
I believe he was in charge of fortifying the coast of Finland for the Czar, before coming to the States.
Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
On the sacking and plunder of Athens, Alabama, He supposedly told his men "I shut my eyes for two hours. I see nothing." General Joseph Keifer (judge advocate) said of the matter, "Turchin did not believe that war could be successfully waged by an invading army with it's officers and soldiers acting as missionaries of mercy." He was court-martialed and found guilty but Abraham Lincoln promoted him to brigadier general thus invalidating the court martial. Turchin now outranked 6 of the 7 members of the court. A officer could only be tried by officers of equal or greater rank.