Brev. Brig. Gen'l
Member of the Year
- Feb 20, 2005
- Ocala, FL (as of December, 2015).
Great Post, and thanks for that. His military service is something that you have head of. Defending the South was definitely important in a New Nation.
How about Economics, would that not be Important? How would a new Nation pay for its military and Independence? Have you ever head of this?:
Such sentiments were widespread. The grand vistas, the beautiful tunnels, the elegant viaducts and the steep embankments indicated a range of new possibilities. But the political implications of these new geographical arrangements were unclear. Toasts were made to the "young west" and to the "future Empire" and the nation's "surpassing agricultural wealth, manufactured production, commercial energy, and political power." They were also made to the South and in defense of its rights (that is, slaves).
One guest hailed the railroad as "a powerful agent. . .to republicanize a people. The toasts caught precisely the contradictory spirit of the age. The development of railroads in the East, West and South spurred expansion across great space and competition for resources, trade routes and "natural" advantages. Railroad lines reconfigured the landscape and changed the "location: of cities, towns, and even natural features. Hiring and disciplining thousands of workers, the railroads began a process on networking the nation and let to Americans' first and most significant experience in and within, a national system. In the heated debates of sectional conflict, slavery, and western expansion, Americans at these moments speculated on how the railroads might affect a future war.
Later in the presidential election of 1860, over 1,000 votes were cast in Baltimore City for Abraham Lincoln, more than in any county in Maryland and more than in any other place in the South, where Lincoln was no ever on the ballot. Indeed, all along the B & O line in Maryland, especially in Allegheny County, where the company had its shops, large numbers of Lincoln voters went to the polls for the Republicans in 1860. There seemed to be little coincidence in this Lincoln support along the railroad.
The B & O therefore, appeared to be the exception in the slaveholding South that probed the influence of all railroads, whether built with slave or free labor. Railroads and telegraphs could, and did, appear to sway the political and social orientation of new places. Despite its slave state location, in other words, the B&O seemed to be pulling Maryland and western Virginia closer to Ohio and Pennsylvania, rather that the reverse. The lesson for southern slaveholders seemed clear with regard to expansion in western territories: free labor railroads could sustain free labor societies, and slave labor railroads could sustain slave labor societies.
At nearly the same time, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad held its celebration of completion, but its event turned into a rehearsal for secession. The Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina, William Porcher Miles, explained that the railroad would bind the southern people "together more closely and compactly as a homogeneous people having common interests, common institutions, and a common destiny," He called the internal bickering between southern states and cities competing for railroads, "suicidal madness for us, while our citadel is besieged." Miles sharply pointed out, "The time [for Union] has passed." The South cannot "blink" or cry for peace, because "the war has already begun."
These defiant sentiments found ready agreement in Virginia, where the Richmond Examiner was already fretting that the South's failure to build railroads would jeopardize its security in a sure-to-come civil war. With its exposed position on the frontier of any future Confederacy, Virginia, the newspaper warned, should not find herself "without the means of concentrating troops with the rapidity indispensable to modern warfare," would be governed "by steam," and it had achieved a velocity "not dreamed of thirty years ago." The Examiner considered it "obvious" that the Covington and Ohio Railroad was a military necessity because it planned to connect the states's largest white population in western Virginia with the points in the East most vulnerable to attack. The future war would be won and lost, the Examiner believed, by how quickly and how many forces could be rushed to the battlefields.
Every time a railroad celebration took place in the South, white Southerners, such as Charleston's Mayor Miles, were increasingly convinced that the Confederate nation was already self-evident. The South's railroads took in capital from abroad through state bond sales and participated in the global web of the cotton trade. They stood at the fore front of commerce and engineering. When southern secession conventions met after Lincoln's election in 1860, the same ideas of civilization and progress--what a nation needed to claim modernity--were strikingly evident. What surprised white Southerners throughout the sectional debates over the extension of slavery in the late 1850s was the North's blatant disregard for the underlying geographic advantages that they thought nature had bestowed upon the South. The recent mastery of geography that their railroad building so clearly demonstrated seemed to count for little in the North, and yet the experience gave the white South unprecedented confidence in its modern civilization and slavery's place in its society as "a first rate power" in the world, and an infrastructure to justify and sustain independence of necessary. pp62-64 The Iron Way by Thomas.
Recon what Porcher Myles would of put in the Secession Documents for Reason? Part of building a New Nation is to build Nationalism. Slavery Expansion to the West and Industrial Slavery was all part of the TRR. Davis was the biggest Contributor to a Southern TRR. Davis had spent the last 10 years in this capacity.
The economic interests were 4 BILLION dollars in 1860s currency, in slavery, period.
How much was that Gadson purchase again?