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The Top 15 Regiments' Highest Percentage Casualties Single Battle.

Discussion in 'Civil War History - General Discussion' started by Mr King, Jan 2, 2010.

  1. Mr King

    Mr King Sergeant

    Jun 21, 2008
    Hello ladies and gentlemen of this board! I would like to post the top 15 regiments (both sides included) who fought and suffered the highest percentage in a single battle.

    Please share historical stories and information on these regiments and battles they have fought. Do please post any regiment(s) that are not mentioned. I plan on posting some stories tomorrow.

    I do hope we can all learn and benefit from this. To give the Glory to God and give thanks to the men who fought for what they believed was right.

    Regiment Battle Casualties Percent
    1.) 1st Texas, CSA Antietam 226 82.3%
    2.) 1st Minnesota, US Gettysburg 262 82%
    3.) 21st Georgia, CSA Manassas 242 76%
    4.) 141st Pennsylvania, US Gettysburg 198 75.7%
    5.) 101st New York, US Manassas 168 73.8%
    6.) 6th Mississippi, CSA Shiloh 425 70.5%
    7.) 25th Massachusetts, US Cold Harbor 310 70%
    8.) 26th North Carolina, CSA Gettysburg 588 69.8%
    9.) 36th Wisconsin, US Bethesda Church 240 69%
    10.) 20th Massachusetts, US Fredericksburg 238 68.4%
    11.) 8th Tennessee, CSA Stone's River 444 68.7%
    12.) 10th Tennessee, CSA Chickamauga 328 68%
    13.) 8th Vermont, US Cedar Creek 156 67.9%
    14.) Palmetto Sharpshooters, CSA Frayser's Farm 215 67.7%
    15.) 81st Pennsylvania, US Fredericksburg 261 67.4%
    Scores of other regiments on both sides registered losses in single engagements of above 50 per cent.

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  3. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    This is what Fox writes:

    Regiment. Battle. Division. Corps. Killed.
    1st Maine(*) Petersburg(+) Birney's Second 210
    8th New York Cold Harbor Gibbon's Second 207
    1st Maine Spotsylvania(++) Tyler's Second 147
    2d Connecticut Cold Harbor Russell's Sixth 129
    7th New York(*) Cold Harbor Barlow's Second 127
    1st Massachusetts(*) Spotsylvania(++) Tyler's Second 120
    9th New York(*) Cedar Creek Ricketts's Sixth 64
    2d Pennsylvania Petersburg(§) Willcox's Ninth 64
    14th New York Petersburg(§) Willcox's Ninth 57
    7th New York Petersburg(§) Barlow's Second 55
    1st Massachusetts Petersburg(+) Birney's Second 54
    2d New York Petersburg(§) Barlow's Second 54
    9th New York Monocacy Ricketts's Sixth 51
    5th New York(*) Manassas Sykes's F.J. Porter's 117
    15th New Jersey Spotsylvania (||) Russell's Sixth 116
    49th Pennsylvania Spotsylvania (||) Russell's Sixth 109
    15th Massachusetts(p) Antietam Sedgwick's Second 108
    1st Kansas Wilson's Creek Lyon's 106
    1st Missouri Wilson's Creek Lyon's 103
    9th Illinois(*) Shiloh W.H. Wallace's 103
    l8th U.S. Infantry(*) Stone's River Rousseau's Fourteenth 102
    11th Illinois Fort Donelson McClernand's 102
    121st New York(*) Salem Church Brooks's Sixth 97
    70th New York Williamsburg Hooker's Third 97
    24th Michigan Gettysburg Wadsworth's First 94
    57th Massachusetts Wilderness Stevenson's Ninth 94
    61st Pennsylvania Fair Oaks Couch's Fourth 92
    145th Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Hancock's Second 91
    111th New York (*) Gettysburg Alex. Hays's Second 88
    22d Michigan Chickamauga Morgan's Reserve 88
    20th Wisconsin Prairie Grove Herron's 88
    9th Massachusetts Gaines's Mill Morell's Fifth 87
    8th U.S. Colored Olustee Seymour's Tenth 87
    32d Iowa Pleasant Hill Mower's Sixteenth 86
    55th Illinois Shiloh Sherman's 86
    4th Vermont Wilderness Getty's Sixth 84
    22d Massachusetts Gaines's Mill Morell's Fifth 84
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Corps. Killed.
    13th U.S. Colored Nashville Cruft's 84
    10th Ohio Chaplin Hills(+) Rousseau's 84
    49th Ohio Pickett's Mills T.J. Wood's Fourth 83
    2d Wisconsin Manassas (++) Hatch's First (§) 83
    48th New York Fort Wagner Seymour's Tenth 83
    15th Kentucky Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 82
    36th Wisconsin Cold Harbor(||) Gibbon's Second 81
    24th New York Manassas Hatch's First 81
    23d U.S. Colored Inf. Petersburg Mine Ferrero's Ninth 81
    8th Illinois Fort Donelson McClernand's 81
    16th Wisconsin Shiloh Prentiss's 79
    43d Illinois Shiloh McClernand's 78
    16th Michigan Gaines' Mill Morell's Fifth 78
    118th Pennsylvania Shepherdstown Morell's Fifth 78
    7th New Hampshire(*) Fort Wagner Seymour's Tenth 77
    72d New York Williamsburg Hooker's Third 77
    1st Wisconsin Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 77
    12th U.S. Infantry Gaines' Mill Sykes's Fifth 76
    16th Maine Fredericksburg Gibbon's First 76
    1st Minnesota Gettysburg Gibbon's Second 75
    2d Vermont Wilderness Getty's Sixth 75
    21st Illinois Stone's River(p) Davis's Fourteenth 75
    24th Iowa Champion's Hill Hovey's Thirteenth 75
    12th Massachusetts Antietam Ricketts's First 74
    25th Massachusetts Cold Harbor Martindale's Eighteenth 74
    7th Iowa Belmont Grant's 74
    9th Iowa Pea Ridge E.A. Carr's 74
    18th Illinois Fort Donelson McClernand's 74
    35th Massachusetts Antietam Sturgis's Ninth 73
    12th New Hampshire(*) Chancellorsville Whipple's Third 72
    5th Vermont(*) Savage Station W.F. Smith's Sixth 72
    19th Iowa Prairie Grove Herron's 72
    9th Ohio Chickamauga Brannan's Fourteenth 72
    38th Ohio Jonesboro Baird's Fourteenth 72
    81st New York Cold Harbor Brooks's Eighteenth 72
    93d New York Wilderness Birney's Second 72
    11th Pennsylvania Manassas(**) Ricketts's First 72
    59th New York Antietam Sedgwick's Second 71
    69th New York Antietam Richardson's Second 71
    11th Penn. Reserves Gaines' Mill McCall's Fifth 71
    23d Pennsylvania Cold Harbor Russell's Sixth 71
    75th Illinois Chaplin Hills Mitchell's 71
    77th Ohio Shiloh Sherman's 71
    40th Illinois Shiloh Sherman's 71
    15th Illinois Shiloh Hurlbut's 70
    73d New York Gettysburg Humphreys's Third 70
    147th New York Gettysburg Wadsworth's First 76
    16th Connecticut Antietam Sturgis's Ninth 70
    93d Illinois Champion's Hill Crocker's Seventeenth 70
    22d Iowa Vicksburg (May 22) E. A. Carr's Thirteenth 70
    97th Pennsylvania Bermuda Hundred Ames's Tenth 70
    203d Pennsylvania Fort Fisher Ames's Tenth 69
    6th Vermont Wilderness Getty's Sixth 69
    5th New Hampshire(*) Cold Harbor Barlow's Second 69
    9th New Hampshire Spotsylvania Potter's Ninth 68
    19th Maine Gettysburg Gibbon's Second 68
    3d Vermont Wilderness Getty's Sixth 68
    7th U.S. Colored Fort Gilmer Paine's Eighteenth 68
    14th Ohio Chickamauga Brannan's Fourteenth 68
    8th Iowa Shiloh W.H. Wallace's 68
    32d Illinois Shiloh Hurlbut's 68
    84th Illinois Stone's River Palmer's Fourteenth 67
    6th New Hampshire Manassas Reno's Ninth 67
    67th New York Fair Oaks Couch's Fourth 67
    148th Pennsylvania Spotsylvania Barlow's Second 67
    149th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's First 67
    18th Kentucky Richmond Nelson's 66
    96th Illinois Chickamauga Steedman's Reserve 66
    3d New Hampshire Drewry's Bluff Terry's Tenth 66
    12th New Hampshire Cold Harbor Brooks' Eighteenth 66
    30th New York Manassas Hatch's First 66
    100th New York Fort Wagner Seymour's Tenth 66
    142d Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Meade's First 66
    151st Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's First 66
    2d Michigan Petersburg(+) Willcox's Ninth 65
    26th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Humphreys's Third 65
    36th Illinois Stone's River Sheridan's Fourteenth 65
    82d New York Gettysburg Gibbon's Second 65
    146th New York Wilderness Ayres's Fifth 65
    46th Ohio Shiloh Sherman's 65
    28th Pennsylvania Antietam Greene's Twelfth 64
    72d Pennsylvania Gettysburg Gibbon's Second 64
    4th New York Antietam French's Second 64
    126th New York Gettysburg Alex. Hays's Second 64
    3d Ohio Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 64
    21st Wisconsin Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 64
    5th U.S. Colored Chaffin's Farm Paine's Eighteenth 63
    5th Vermont Wilderness Getty's Sixth 63
    8th New York Cross Keys Blenker's 63
    6th Iowa Shiloh Sherman's 63
    105th Ohio Chaplin Hills Jackson's 75
    5th Iowa Iuka Hamilton's 62
    19th Indiana Manassas Hatch's First 62
    141st Pennsylvania Chancellorsville Birney's Third 62
    8th Michigan James' Island Stevens's 61
    98th Ohio Chaplin Hills Jackson's 66
    140th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Caldwell's Second 61
    83d Pennsylvania Gaines' Mill Morell's Fifth 61
    6th U.S. Colored Chaffin's Farm Paine's Eighteenth 61
    87th Indiana Chickamauga Brannan's Fourteenth 61
    10th Iowa Champion's Hill Crocker's Seventeenth 61
    125th Illinois Kenesaw Davis's Fourteenth 61
    8th Kansas Chickamauga Davis's Twentieth 61
    26th Wisconsin(*) Gettysburg Schurz's Eleventh 61
    121st New York Spotsylvania Russell's Sixth 60
    134th New York Gettysburg Steinwehr's Eleventh 60
    27th Michigan Spotsylvania Willcox's Ninth 60
    14th New Hampshire Opequon Grover's Nineteenth 59
    6th New Jersey Williamsburg Hooker's Third 59
    111th New York Wilderness Barlow's Second 59
    63d New York Antietam Richardson's Second 59
    76th Pennsylvania Fort Wagner (++) Seymour's Tenth 59
    83d Pennsylvania(*) Spotsylvania Griffin's Fifth 59
    96th Pennsylvania Spotsylvania Wright's Sixth 59
    28th Illinois Shiloh Hurlbut's 58
    31st Illinois Fort Donelson McClernand's 58
    47th Pennsylvania Cedar Creek Dwight's Nineteenth 58
    55th Pennsylvania Drewry's Bluff Ames's Tenth 58
    125th Pennsylvania Antietam Williams's Twelfth 58
    26th Massachusetts Opequon Grover's Nineteenth 58
    54th Massachusetts (Col'd) Fort Wagner Seymour's Tenth 58
    3d New Jersey Gaines' Mill Slocum's Sixth 58
    42d New York Antietam Sedgwick's Second 58
    157th New York Gettysburg Schurz's Eleventh 58
    118th New York Drewry's Bluff Brooks's Eighteenth 57
    124th New York Chancellorsville Whipple's Third 57
    14th New Jersey Cold Harbor Ricketts's Sixth 57
    7th Michigan Antietam Sedgwick's Second 57
    143d Pennsylvania Wilderness Wadsworth's First 57
    150th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's First 57
    22d Indiana Chaplin Hills Mitchell's 57
    46th Illinois Shiloh Hurlbut's 57
    7th Wisconsin(*) Wilderness Wadsworth's First 57
    37th Wisconsin(*) (+) Petersburg Willcox's Ninth 57
    1st Delaware Antietam French's Second 56
    2d Massachusetts Cedar Mountain Williams's Twelfth (§) 56
    28th Massachusetts Manassas Stevens's Ninth 56
    6th Maine Rappahannock Sta. Wright's Sixth 56
    7th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's Second 56
    l64th New York Cold Harbor Gibbon's Second 56
    69th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Gibbon's Second 56
    105th Pennsylvania(*) Wilderness Birney's Second 56
    119th Pennsylvania Spotsylvania Russell's Sixth 56
    46th Pennsylvania(*) Cedar Mountain Williams's Twelfth (+) 55
    188th Pennsylvania Cold Harbor Brooks's Eighteenth 55
    9th Illinois Fort Donelson C.F. Smith's 55
    38th Illinois Stone's River Davis's Fourteenth 55
    37th Wisconsin Petersburg Mine Willcox's Ninth 55
    5th New York Gaines' Mill Sykes's Fifth 55
    140th New York Wilderness Griffin's Fifth 55
    155th New York Cold Harbor Gibbon's Second 55
    9th New York Antietam Redman's Ninth 54
    21st New York Manassas Hatch's First 54
    40th New York Wilderness Birney's Second 54
    112th New York Cold Harbor Devens's Tenth 54
    115th New York Olustee Seymour's Tenth 54
    120th New York Gettysburg Humphreys's Third 54
    17th Maine Wilderness Birney's Second 54
    18th Massachusetts Manassas Morell's Fifth 54
    37th Massachusetts Wilderness Getty's Sixth 54
    1st Michigan Manassas Morell's Fifth 54
    4th Michigan Malvern Hill Morell's Fifth 54
    7th Ohio Cedar Mountain Augur's Twelfth 54
    18th U.S. Infantry Chickamauga Baird's Fourteenth 54
    10th Vermont Cold Harbor Ricketts's Sixth 54
    2d Iowa Fort Donelson C.F. Smith's 54
    71st Indiana Richmond Nelson's 54
    79th Pennsylvania Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 54
    105th Pennsylvania Fair Oaks Kearny's Third 53
    26th Michigan Spotsylvania Barlow's Second 53
    26th Wisconsin Chancellorsville Schurz's Eleventh 53
    10th Wisconsin Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 52
    38th Ohio Chickasaw Bluffs Steele's Fifteenth 52
    26th Indiana Prairie Grove Herron's 52
    11th Iowa Shiloh McClernand's 52
    13th Iowa Atlanta (July 22d) Giles A. Smith's Seventeenth 52
    15th Indiana Stone's River T.J. Wood's Fourteenth 52
    4th New Jersey Gaines' Mill Slocum's Sixth 52
    24th New Jersey Fredericksburg French's Second 52
    49th New York Spotsylvania Getty's Sixth 52
    137th New York Gettysburg Geary's Twelfth 52
    1st Michigan (S.S.) Spotsylvania Willcox's Ninth 52
    26th Ohio Chickamauga T.J. Wood's Twenty-first 52
    65th Ohio Stone's River T.J. Wood's Fourteenth 52
    6th Ohio Stone's River Palmer's Fourteenth 51
    21st Ohio Chickamauga Negley's Fourteenth 51
    101st Ohio Stone's River Davis's Fourteenth 51
    8th Connecticut Antietam Redman's Ninth 51
    47th Indiana Champion's Hill Hovey's Thirteenth 51
    12th Wisconsin Atlanta (July 22d) Leggett's Seventeenth 51
    7th New Hampshire Olustee Seymour's Tenth 51
    5th New Hampshire Fredericksburg Hancock's Second 51
    46th Pennsylvania Peach Tree Creek Williams's Twentieth 51
    14th Illinois Shiloh Hurlbut's 51
    20th New York Antietam W.F. Smith's Sixth 51
    80th New York Manassas Hatch's First 51
    26th New York(*) Fredericksbur Gibbon's First 51
    26th New York Antietam Ricketts's First 50
    64th New York Fair Oaks Richardson's Second 50
    83d Pennsylvania Malvern Hill Morell's Fifth 50
    12th Missouri Vicksburg (May 22) Steele's Fifteenth 50
    2d Minnesota Chickamauga Brannan's Fourteenth 50
    24th Indiana Champion's Hill Hovey's Thirteenth 50
  4. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    Battles. Killed. Wounded, including mortally. Captured and Missing. Ratio of Wounded to Killed.
    Shiloh 1,754 8,408 2,885 4.7
    Mill Springs 39 207 — 5.3
    Fort Donelson 500 2,108 224 4.2
    Pea Ridge 203 980 201 4.8
    New Berne 90 380 1 4..0
    Kernstown 118 450 22 8.8
    Williamsburg 456 1,410 373 3.0
    Fair Oaks 790 3,594 647 4.5
    Seven Days 1,734 8,062 6,053 4.6
    Cedar Mountain 314 1,445 622 4.5
    Manassas 1,747 8,452 4,263 4.8
    South Mountain 325 1,403 85 4.3
    Crampton's Gap 113 418 2 3.6
    Antietam 2,108 9,549 753 4.5
    Iuka 141 613 36 4.3
    Corinth 355 1,841 324 5.1
    Chaplin Hills 845 2,851 515 3.3
    Chickasaw Bluffs 208 1,005 563 4.8
    Arkansas Post 134 898 29 6.7
    Gettysburg 3,063 14,492 5,435 4.7
    Vicksburg Campaign 1,514 7,395 453 4.8
    Port Hudson 707 3,336 319 4.7
    Rappahannock Station 83 328 6 3.9
    Fort Wagner (July 18) 246 880 389 3.5
    Mine Run 173 1,099 381 6.3
    Missionary Ridge 752 4,713 349 6.2
    Wilderness 2,246 12,037 3,383 5.3
    Spotsylvania 2,725 13,416 2,258 4.9
    North Anna and Totopotomoy 591 2, 734 661 4.6
    Cold Harbor and Bethesda Church 1,844 9,077 1,816 4.9
    Petersburg, June 15-18 1,688 8, 513 1,185 5.0
    Deep Bottom 327 1,851 721 5.6
    Atlanta Campaign 4,423 22,822 4,442 5.1
    Opequon 697 3,983 338 5.7
    Cedar Creek 644 3,430 1,591 5.3
    21 Minor Engagements. 835 4,597 461 5.5
    Total 34,532 168,777 41,786 4.8
  5. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Engaged. Killed. (+) Per Ct.
    5th Connecticut Cedar Mountain Williams's 424 48 11+
    7th Connecticut Fort Wagner Seymour's 191 28 14+
    17th Connecticut Gettysburg Barlow's 369 39 10+
    27th Connecticut Gettysburg Caldwell's 74 13 17+

    7th Illinois Allatoona Pass Corse's 291 48 16+
    8th Illinois Fort Donelson McClernand's 613 81 13+
    9th Illinois Shiloh W.H. Wallace's 578 103 17+
    11th Illinois Fort Donelson McClernand's 500 102 20+
    11th Illinois Shiloh McClernand's 239 24 10+
    12th Illinois Allatoona Pass Corse's 161 17 10+
    22d Illinois Stone's River Sheridan's 342 43 12+
    22d Illinois Chickamauga Sheridan's 297 42 14+
    28th Illinois Shiloh Hurlbut's 558 58 10+
    34th Illinois Stone's River Johnson's 354 36 10+
    35th Illinois Chickamauga Davis's 299 34 11+
    38th Illinois Chickamauga Davis's 301 33 10+
    41st Illinois Jackson Lauman's 338 44 13+
    43d Illinois Shiloh McClernand's 500 78 15+
    51st Illinois Chickamauga Sheridan's 209 26 12+
    53d Illinois Jackson Lauman's 219 33 15+
    55th Illinois Shiloh Sherman's 512 83 16+
    75th Illinois Chaplin Hills Mitchell's 709 71 10+
    79th Illinois Stone's River Johnson's 437 44 10+
    82d Illinois Chancellorsville Schurz's 359 47 13+
    84th Illinois Stone's River Palmer's 357 67 18+
    93d Illinois Alatoona Pass Corse's 290 34 11+

    14th Indiana Antietam French's 320 49 15+
    15th Indiana Stone's River T.J. Wood's 440 52 11+
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Engaged. Killed. (+) Per Ct.
    15th Indiana Mission Ridge Sheridan's 334 45 13+
    19th Indiana Manassas Hatch's 423 62 14+
    19th Indiana Antietam Doubleday's 202 28 13+
    19th Indiana Gettysburg Wadsworth's 288 41 14+
    22d Indiana Chaplin Hills Mitchell's 303 57 18+
    26th Indiana Prairie Grove Huston's 445 52 11+
    27th Indiana Antietam Williams's 409 41 10+
    27th Indiana Gettysburg Williams's 339 40 11+
    48th Indiana Iuka Hamilton's 434 48 11 +
    73d Indiana Stone's River T.J. Wood's 331 38 11+
    87th Indiana Chickamauga Brannan's 380 61 16+

    3d Iowa (Cavalry) Pea Ridge --------- 235 27 11+
    3d Iowa (Inf.) Jackson Lauman's 241 36 14+
    5th Iowa Iuka Hamilton's 482 62 12+
    th Iowa (8 Cos) Belmont Grant's 410 74 18+
    9th Iowa Pea Ridge E.A. Carr's 560 74 13+
    13th Iowa Atlanta (July 22) Gresham's 410 55 13+
    32d Iowa Pleasant Hill Mower's 420 86 20+
    39th Iowa Allatoona Pass Corse's 280 43 15+

    1st Kansas Wilson's Creek Lyon's 644 106 16+
    8th Kansas Chickamauga Davis's 406 61 15 +
    8th Kansas Nashville Beatty's (S.) 140 16 11+

    5th Kentucky Stone's River Johnson's 320 32 10+
    17th Kentucky Shiloh Hurlbut's 250 27 10+

    1st Maine (H. A.) Petersburg Birney's 950 210 22+
    3d Maine Gettysburg Birney's 214 30 14+
    4th Maine Fredericksburg Birney's 211 33 15+
    4th Maine Gettysburg Birney's 202 27 13+
    6th Maine Rappahannock Sta. Wright's 321 56 17+
    7th Maine Antietam W.F. Smith's 181 25 13+
    8th Maine Ware Bottom Ch. Ames's 190 19 10+
    9th Maine Petersburg Ames's 102 20 19 +
    16th Maine Fredericksburg Gibbon's 427 76 17+
    16th Maine Gettysburg Robinson's 248 27 10+
    17th Maine Wilderness Birney's 507 54 10+
    19th Maine Gettysburg Gibbon's 440 68 15+
    20th Maine Gettysburg Barnes's 386 41 10 +
    2d Massachusetts Cedar Mountain Williams's 474 56 12+
    2d Massachusetts Gettysburg Williams's 316 45 14+
    10th Massachusetts Spotsylvania Getty's 210 26 12+
    12th Massachusetts Antietam Ricketts's 334 74 22+
    15th Massachusetts Antietam Sedgwick's 606 108 17+
    15th Massachusetts Gettysburg Gibbon's 239 38 15+
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Engaged. Killed. (+) Per Ct.
    18th Massachusetts Manassas Morell's 421 54 12 +
    19th Massachusetts Gettysburg Gibbon's 141 17 12+
    20th Massachusetts Fredericksburg Howard's 238 48 20 +
    25th Massachusetts Cold Harbor Martindale's 310 74 23+
    57th Massachusetts Wilderness Stevenson's 545 94 17 +
    9th Massachusetts Bat'y Gettysburg Reserve Artillery 104 11 10 +

    5th Michigan (Cavalry) Hawes' Shop Torbert's 150 15 10+
    6th Michigan (Cavalry) Hawes' Shop Torbert's 140 17 12+
    1st Michigan (Infantry) Manassas Morell's 320 55 17+
    2d Michigan Knoxville Ferrero's 150 28 18+
    3d Michigan Manassas Kearny's 260 41 15+
    4th Michigan Gettysburg Barnes' s 342 40 11 +
    5th Michigan Fair Oaks Kearny's 330 43 13+
    7th Michigan Gettysburg Gibbon's 165 27 16 +
    8th Michigan James' Island Stevens's 534 61 11+
    13th Michigan Stone's River T.J. Wood's 225 32 14+
    13th Michigan Chickamauga T.J. Wood's 217 26 11+
    16th Michigan Gettysburg Barnes's 218 29 13 +
    17th Michigan Spotsylvania Willcox's 226 30 13+
    22d Michigan Chickamauga Steedman's 584 88 15+
    24th Michigan. Gettysburg Wadsworth's 496 94 18+

    1st Minnesota Gettysburg Gibbon's 262 75 28+

    12th Missouri Vicksburg (May 22) Steele's 360 39 10+

    2d New Hampshire Manassas Hooker's 332 37 11+
    2d New Hampshire Gettysburg Humphreys's 354 48 13+
    3d New Hampshire Deep Bottom Terry's 198 28 14+
    5th New Hampshire Fredericksburg Hancock's 308(*) 51 16+
    5th New Hampshire Gettysburg Caldwell's 177 34 19+
    5th New Hampshire Cold Harbor Barlow's 577 69 11 +
    6th New Hampshire Manassas Reno's 450 68 15+
    7th New Hampshire Fort Wagner Seymour's 480 77 16+
    9th New Hampshire Spotsylvannia Potter's 502 68 13+
    12th New Hampshire Chancellorsville Whipple's 558 72 12+
    12th New Hampshire Cold Harbor Brooks's 301 66 21+

    2d New Jersey (5 Cos.) Gaines' Mill Slocum's 261 34 13+
    8th New Jersey Chancellorsville Berry's 258 32 12 +
    11th New Jersey Gettysburg Humphreys's 275 40 14+
    14th New Jersey Monocacy Ricketts's 350 40 11 +
    15th New Jersey(+) Spotsylvania Russell's 432 116 26+
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Engaged. Killed. (+) Per Ct.
    4th New York Antietam French's 540 64 11+
    5th New York Gaines' Mill Sykes's 450 55 12+
    5th New York Manassas Sykes's 490 117 23+
    7th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's 488 56 11 +
    8th New York Cross Keys Blenker's 548 63 11 +
    9th New York Antietam Rodman's 373 54 14+
    13th New York Manassas Morell's 240 45 18 +
    22d New York Manassas Hatch's 379 46 12+
    25th New York Hanover C.H. Morell's 349 41 11 +
    26th New York Fredericksburg Gibbon's 300 51 17 +
    28th New York Cedar Mountain Williams's 33!) 41 12+
    30th New York Manassas Hatch's 341 66 19 +
    34th New York Antietam Sedgwick's 311 41 13 +
    38th New York Fredericksburg Birney's 374 41 10+
    40th New York (5 Cos.) Fair Oaks Kearny's 231 24 10+
    40th New York Manassas Kearny's 244 37 15+
    42d New York Antietam Sedgwick's 345 58 16+
    44th New York Malvern Hill Morell's 225 23 10+
    48th New York Fort Wagner Seymour's 516 83 16+
    49th New York Wilderness Getty's 384 39 10+
    49th New York Spotsylvania Getty's 284 52 l8+
    57th New York Antietam Richardson's 309 53 10+
    57th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's 192 20 10+
    59th New York Antietam Sedgwick's 381 71 18+
    61st New York Fair Oaks Richardson's 435 44 10+
    63d New York Antietam Richardson's 341 59 17+
    64th New York Gettysburg Caldwell's 205 31 15+
    66th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's 238 24 10+
    67th New York Wilderness Wright's 270 28 10+
    69th New York Antietam Richardson's 317 71 22 +
    69th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's 238 34 14+
    70th New York Williamsburg Hooker's 700 97 13+
    71st New York Manassas Hooker's 250 37 14+
    73d New York Manassas Hooker's 107 17 15+
    76th New York Gettysburg Wadsworth's 374 48 12+
    80th New York Gettysburg Doubleday's 287 47 16+
    82d New York Antietam Sedgwick's 339 41 12+
    82d New York Gettysburg Gibbon's 461 65 14+
    83d New York Fredericksburg Gibbon's 292 35 11 +
    88th New York Antietam Richardson's 302 38 12+
    88th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's 252 38 14+
    93d New York Wilderness Birney's 433 72 16+
    96th New York Fort Harrison Stannard's 167 33 13+
    100th New York Fort Wagner Seymour's 478 66 13+
    101st New York Manassas Kearny's 168 26 15+
    105th New York Fredericksburg Gibbon's 177 22 12+
    107th New York New Hope Church Williams's 358 47 13+
    111th New York (8 Cos.) Gettysburg Alex. Hays's 390 88 22+
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Engaged. Killed. (+) Per Ct.
    111th New York Wilderness Barlow's 386 59 15+
    114th New York Opequon Dwight's 315 44 13+
    114th New York Cedar Creek Dwight's 250 39 15+
    121st New York Salem Heights Brooks's 453 97 21+
    121st New York Spotsylvania Russell's 346 60 17 +
    124th New York Chancellorsville Whipple's 550 57 10+
    124th New York Gettysburg Birney's 238 32 13+
    126th New York Gettysburg Alex. Hays's 402 64 15+
    134th New York Gettysburg Steinwehr's 400 60 15+
    137th New York Wauhatchie Geary's 206 31 15+
    141st New York Peach Tree Creek Williams's 142 31 21+
    147th New York(*) Gettysburg Wadsworth's 380 76 20+
    3d Ohio Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 502 64 12+
    4th Ohio Fredericksburg French's 113 12 11+
    5th Ohio Cedar Mountain Augur's 275 31 11+
    6th Ohio Stone's River Palmer's 383 51 13+
    7th Ohio Cedar Mountain Augur's 307 55 17+
    7th Ohio Ringgold Geary's 206 25 12+
    8th Ohio Antietam French's 341 43 12+
    8th Ohio Gettysburg Alex. Hays's 209 28 13+
    10th Ohio Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 528 84 15+
    14th Ohio Chickamauga Brannan's 449 81 18+
    25th Ohio Gettysburg Barlow's 220 25 11+
    38th Ohio Jonesboro Baird's 360 72 20+
    41st Ohio Shiloh Nelson's 371 43 11 +
    41st Ohio Pickett's Mills T.J. Wood's 271 40 14+
    49th Ohio Pickett's Mills T.J. Wood's 475 83 17+
    63d Ohio (9 Cos.) Corinth Stanley's 275 39 14+
    65th Ohio Stone's River T.J. Wood's 405 52 12+
    73d Ohio Manassas Schenck's 335 39 11 +
    73d Ohio Gettysburg Steinwehr's 300 40 13+
    82d Ohio Gettysburg Schurz's 312 35 11+
    101st Ohio Stone's River Davis's 460 51 11+
    11th Ohio Battery Iuka Hamilton's 105 19 18 +
    8th Penn. Reserves Fredericksburg Meade's 264 44 16+
    11th Penn. Reserves Fredericksburg Meade's 394 49 12+
    26th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Humphreys's 382 65 17 +
    45th Pennsylvania Cold Harbor Potter's 315 41 13 +
    46th Pennsylvania Cedar Mountain Williams's 504 55 10 +
    49th Pennsylvania Spotsylvania Russell's 478 109 22+
    52d Pennsylvania Fair Oaks Casey's 249 29 11 +
    53d Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Hancock's 283 39 14+
    56th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Wadsworth's 252 31 12+
    58th Pennsylvania Fort Harrison Stannard's 237 34 14+
    61st Pennsylvania Fair Oaks Couch's 574 92 16+
    62d Pennsylvania Gettysburg Barnes's 426 45 10+
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Engaged. Killed. (+) Per Ct.
    68th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Birney's 320 47 14+
    69th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Gibbon's 258 56 21+
    72d Pennsylvania Gettysburg Gibbon's 473 64 13 +
    75th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Schurz's 206 33 16+
    81st Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Hancock's 261 46 17+
    83d Pennsylvania Seven Days Morell's 554 111(*) 20 +
    83d Pennsylvania Manassas Morell's 224 26 10+
    84th Pennsylvania Kernstown Shield's 260 30 11+
    97th Pennsylvania Bermuda Hundred Ames's 311 56 18+
    105th Pennsylvania Wilderness Birney's 351 56 15 +
    107th Pennsylvania Antietam Ricketts's 190 27 14 +
    111th Pennsylvania Antietam Greene's 243 33 13+
    115th Pennsylvania Chancellorsville Berry's 244 25 10 +
    116th Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Hancock's 247 25 10+
    118th Pennsylvania Shepherdstown Morell's 737 78 10 +
    121st Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's 263 29 11+
    132d Pennsylvania Fredericksburg French's 251 26 10+
    140th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Caldwell's 589 61 10+
    141st Pennsylvania Chancellorsville Birney's 417 62 14+
    141st Pennsylvania Gettysburg Birney's 198 49 24+
    142d Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Meade's 550 66 12 +
    145th Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Hancock's 505 91 18 +
    145th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Caldwell's 202 27 13+
    148th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Caldwell's 210 31 14 +
    149th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's 450 67 14+
    150th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's 400 57 14+
    151st Pennsylvania Gettysburg Doubleday's 467 66 14+
    2d Vermont Wilderness Getty's 700 80 11 +
    3d Vermont (4 Cos.) Lee's Mills W.F. Smith's 192 35 18+
    3d Vermont Wilderness Getty's 539 68 12+
    3d Vermont Cold Harbor Getty's 293 30 10 +
    4th Vermont Wilderness Getty's 575 84 14+
    5th Vermont Savage Station W. F. Smith's 400 72 18 +
    5th Vermont Wilderness Getty's 475 63 13+
    6th Vermont Wilderness Getty's 441 69 15+
    8th Vermont Cedar Creek Dwight's 156 26 16 +
    10th Vermont Cedar Creek Ricketts's 277 27 10 +
    1st Wisconsin Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 407 77 18+
    2d Wisconsin Manassas Hatch's 51! 87 17+
    2d Wisconsin Gettysburg Wadsworth's 302 46 15+
    3d Wisconsin Antietam Williams's 340 41 12 +
    4th Wisconsin Port Hudson Paine's 222 45 20+
    10th Wisconsin Chaplin Hills Rousseau's 376 52 13+
    4th Wisconsin Vicksburg (May 22) McArthur's 256 30 11 +
    15th Wisconsin Dallas T.J. Wood's 160 26 16+
    19th Wisconsin Fair Oaks (1864) Marston's 197 26 13+
    26th Wisconsin Chancellorsville Schurz's 471 53 11+
    26th Wisconsin Gettysburg Schurz's 508 61 12 +
    36th Wisconsin (4 Cos.) Bethesda Church Gibbon's 240 49 20+
    37th Wisconsin Petersburg Mine Willcox's 251 55 21+

    7th U.S. Infantry Gettysburg Barnes's 116 19 16+
    10th U.S. Infantry Gettysburg Barnes's 93 22 23+
    11th U.S. Infantry Gettysburg Barnes's 286 35 12+
    17th U.S. Infantry Gettysburg Barnes's 260 43 16+
    18th U.S. Infantry Stone's River Rousseau's 603 102 16+
    5th U.S. Colored Chaffin's Farm Paine's 550 85 15+
    6th U.S. Colored Chaffin's Farm Paine's 367 61 16+
    79th U.S. Colored Poison Springs Thayer's 463 111 23+
  6. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    Regiment. Battle. Corps. Engaged. Killed Wounded Missing. Per Ct.
    1st Minnesota Gettysburg Second 262(+) 47 168 -- 82.0
    141st Pennsylvania Gettysburg Third 198 25 103 21 75.7
    101st New York Manassas Third 168 6 101 17 73.8
    25th Massachusetts Cold Harbor Eighteenth 310 53 139 28 70.0
    36th Wisconsin (4 Cos.) Bethesda Church Second 240 90 108 38 69.0
    20th Massachusetts Fredericksburg Second 238 25 138 -- 68. 4
    8th Vermont Cedar Creek Nineteenth 156 17 66 23 67.9
    81st Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Second 261 15 141 20 67.4
    12th Massachusetts Antietam First 334 49 165 10 67.0
    1st Maine H.A. Petersburg Second 950 115 489 28 66.5
    9th Louisiana Colored Milliken's Bend 300 62 130 -- 64.0
    111th New York Gettysburg Second 390 58 177 14 63.8
    24th Michigan Gettysburg First 496 69 247 (++) 63.7
    5th New Hampshire Fredericksburg Second 303 20 154 19 63.6
    9th Illinois Shiloh 578 61 300 5 63.3
    9th New York (8 Cos.) Antietam Ninth 373 45 176 14 63.0
    15th New Jersey Spotsylvania Sixth 432 75 159 38 62.9
    15th Massachusetts Gettysburg Second 239 23 97 28 61.9
    69th New York Antietam Second 317 44 152 61.8
    51st Illinois Chickamauga Twentieth 209 18 92 18 61.2
    19th Indiana Manassas First 423 47 168 44 61.2
    121st New York Salem Church Sixth 453 48 173 55 60.9
    5th New York Manassas Fifth 490 79 170 48 60.6
    93d New York Wilderness Second 433 42 213 5 60.0
    2d Wisconsin Gettysburg First 302 26 155 (§) 59.9
    41st Illinois Jackson Sixteenth 338 27 135 40 59.7
    148th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Second 210 19 101 5 59.5
    15th Indiana Missionary Ridge Fourth 334 24 175 -- 59.5

    7th Ohio Cedar Mountain Twelfth 307 31 149 2 59.2
    80th New York Gettysburg First 287 35 111 24 59.2
    63d New York Antietam Second 341 35 165 2 59.2
    3d Wisconsin Antietam Twelfth 340 27 173 -- 58.8
    114th New York Opequon Nineteenth 315 21 164 -- 58.7
    59th New York Antietam Second 381 48 153 23 58.7
    26th Ohio Chickamauga Twenty-first 362 27 140 45 58.5
    2d Wisconsin Manassas First 511 53 213 32 58. 3
    3d Maine Gettysburg Third 210 18 59 45 58.0
    17th U.S. Inf. (7 Cos.) Gettysburg Fifth 260 25 118 7 57.6
    126th New York Gettysburg Second 402 40 181 10 57.4:
    45th Pennsylvania Cold Harbor Ninth 315 18 141 22 57.4
    49th Pennsylvania Spotsylvania Sixth 478 50 180 44 57.3
    6th U.S. Colored Chaffin's Farm Eighteenth 367 41 160 8 56.9
    15th Massachusetts Antietam Second 606 65 255 24 56.7
    26th New York Fredericksburg First 300 23 136 11 56.6
    14th Indiana Antietam Second 320 30 150 -- 56.2
    96th Illinois Chickamauga Reserve 401 39 134 52 56.1
    26th Pennsylvania Gettysburg Third 382 30 176 7 55.7
    11th New Jersey Gettysburg Third 275 17 124 12 55.6
    1st Michigan Manassas Fifth 320 33 114 31 55.6
    19th Indiana Gettysburg First 288 27 133 (+) 55.5
    12th New Hampshire Cold Harbor Eighteenth 301 23 129 15 55.4
    61st Pennsylvania Fair Oaks Fourth 574 68 152 43 55.4
    25th Illinois Chickamauga Twentieth 337 10 171 24 54.9
    14th Ohio Chickamauga Fourteenth 449 35 167 43 54.5
    2d New Hampshire Gettysburg Third 354 20 137 36 54.5
    8th Kansas Chickamauga Twentieth 406 30 165 25 54.1
    16th Maine Fredericksburg First 427 27 170 34 54.0
    16th United States Stone's River Fourteenth 308 16 134 16 53.8
    55th Illinois Shiloh --------- 512 51 197 27 53.7
    69th New York Fredericksburg Second 238 10 95 23 53.7
    35th Illinois Chickamauga Twentieth 299 17 130 13 53.5
    22d Indiana Chaplin Hills Fourteenth 303 49 87 23 52.4
    11th Illinois Fort Donelson -------- 500 70 181 (++) 50.1
  7. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    The largest number of officers killed in any infantry regiment in the Union Armies is found in the Sixty-first Pennsylvania, of the Sixth Corps, in which 19 officers were killed or mortally wounded during the war. Among the number were three colonels: Col. Rippey was killed at Fair Oaks; Col. Spear fell while leading a successful assault on Marye's Heights; and Col. Crosby, who had lost an arm at Fort Stevens, was killed in the final and victorious assault on Petersburg. The total loss of the Sixty-first in killed and died of wounds, was 19 officers and 218 enlisted men; total, 237. It was a gallant regiment and was bravely led, as its loss in officers clearly shows.
    The following list embraces every regiment which lost 16 or more officers killed during the war:
    Regiment. Division. Corps. Killed.
    61st Pennsylvania Getty's Sixth 19
    5th New Hampshire Barlow's Second 18
    12th Massachusetts Robinson's First 18
    48th New York Terry's Tenth 18
    73d New York Hooker's Third 18
    81st Pennsylvania Barlow's Second 18
    145th Pennsylvania Barlow's Second 18
    31st Maine Potter's Ninth 18
    20th Massachusetts Gibbon's Second 17
    14th Connecticut Gibbon's Second 17
    62d Pennsylvania Griffin's Fifth 17
    63d Pennsylvania Birney's Third 17
    5th Michigan Birney's Third 16
    16th Massachusetts Humphreys's Third 16
    61st New York Barlow's Second 16
    l26th New York Barlow's Second 16
    82d Ohio Schurz's Eleventh 16
    100th Pennsylvania Stevenson's Ninth 16
    6th Wisconsin Wadsworth's First 16
    1st Maine Birney's Second 23
    8th New York Gibbon's Second 19

    A heavy artillery regiment had just twice as many line officers as an infantry regiment. The largest regimental loss of officers killed in any one battle, occurred in the Seventh New Hampshire at the assault on Fort Wagner, the regiment losing 11 officers killed or mortally wounded in that bloody affair. Among the killed was Col. Putnam, who fell after he had gained an entrance within the outer works of the fort. He was a graduate of West Point and an officer of the Regular Army; like many other Regular officers he had received permission to accept the command of a volunteer regiment.

    The Twenty-second New York Infantry lost at Manassas 19 officers killed and wounded out of 24 present in action; 9 of them were killed, among whom was the Lieutenant-Colonel, Gorton T. Thomas.

    The following list includes every infantry regiment in the service which lost 8 or more officers killed in any one engagement:
    Regiment. Battle. Division. Corps. Killed.
    7th New Hampshire Fort Wagner Seymour's Tenth 11
    7th New York Fredericksburg Hancock's Second 9
    22d New York Manassas Hatch's First 9
    59th New York Antietam Sedgwick's Second 9
    145th Pennsylvania Fredericksburg Hancock's Second 9
    43d Illinois Shiloh McClernand's ---------- 8
    87th Indiana Chickamauga Braiman's Fourteenth 8
    1st Michigan Manassas Morell's Fifth 8
    14th New Hampshire Opequon Grover's Nineteenth 8
    24th Michigan Gettysburg Wadsworth's First 8
    120th New York Gettysburg Humphreys's Third 8
  8. Mr King

    Mr King Sergeant

    Jun 21, 2008
    The Palmetto Sharpshooters-
    In June 30, 1862 during the Seven Days Battles Campaign General Lee had planned a surprise attack against the Federal column that was withdrawing the next day. Lee sent three divisions; General Huger, Longstreet, and A.P. Hill toward Glendale. The Union General McClellan's generals had fully prepared posting
    four divisions to protect their rear.

    When the time came and General Huger did not show up, General Lee launched the attack by sending his other two divisions ahead. What he did not know was that he was sending two divisions to attack a Federal force that had almost twice as many troops who would also have the advantage being behind defensive works.

    General Longstreet's division, including R.H. Anderson's brigade had given his command over to his senior colonel Micah Jenkins. Jenkins posted his brigade that consisted the Second South Carolina Rifles on the right, the Palmetto Sharp Shooters to the left, then the Fifth South Carolina. The brigade also included the Fourth South Carolina Battalion and the Sixth South Carolina. Longstreet gave Jenkins orders to silence a Union battery and he carried out his orders.

    Colonel Jenkins' brigade went forward, sending the Sixth South Carolina ahead as skirmishers. They located the Federal divisions near Frayser's Farm, a two-hundred acre tract less than a mile southwest of Glendale on the Quaker Road. His skirmishers drove the Federal pickets back to their main body. The artillery began firing from both sides. As they continued their advance the troops fired at Captain Cooper's battery B. Then a hail of musketry from General McCall's Federal division, that was protected behind breastworks in front of Jenkins' brigade. As the confederates moved through Cooper's abandoned battery after they lost many of their horses from being shot down. The Ninth Pennsylvania charged and retook the battery until two Alabama regiments joined Jenkins' troops as they rallied and drove the Federals from the guns.

    They continued to move forward and advanced against the breastworks under a galling fire from Seymour's Federal brigade. Soon, two Federal batteries that were located about three hundred yards on the left opened fire, enfilading Jenkins' entire command. Jenkins were taking murderous musket fire from the front, and being slaughtered by grape, canister and shells from twelve Federal guns on their left flank. Up to thirty South Carolinians fell from each Federal volley with the twelve guns doing more damage.

    Jenkins, with a single wave pointed out the path of duty, even though unsupported on their left, his men continued forward toward the breastworks. When they got within twenty yards, many of the Federal soldiers ran away while the confederates with cool and deliberate volleys cut them down in hundreds. Jenkins on horseback was the first man over the breastworks being followed by his men from behind. They fought with bayonets and butt muskets until the Federal troops abandoned their positions. Several of the confederats including a Palmetto Sharp Shooter captain manned the abandoned guns, turned them around, and opened fire on the fleeing Federals.

    McCall's Union soldiers had retreated several hundred yards, regrouped along with arriving reinforcements. Jenkins' command had reached the Quaker Road but his force was decimated which now facing a larger force of Federal troops who counterattacked and advanced beyond the flanks of Jenkins' troops. Jenkins was compelled to withdraw until they combined with Cadmus Wilcox's brigade to advance capturing six of the twelve Federal guns on their left. The fighting was so fierce that they fought hand-to-hand.

    That was the final advance for Jenkins' brigade that day capturing Cooper's battery, had driven back McCall's entire division, and joined Wilcox's brigade capturing six more guns. They had accomplished much more than they have been asked to do with a terrible price. The colors of the Palmetto Sharpshooters were borne by several men, all wounded or killed, until the flag was raised by another soldier who carried it through the end of the fight. The losses in the Palmetto Sharpshooters were the highest of any Confederate regiment in the battle; 211 wounded (30 were mortally) and 49 killed out of 375 who entered the action.

    The Palmetto Sharpshooters had about 1,000 officers and men who joined the regiment in April, with only about 125 that answered the morning roll call July 1st. The regiment, with a total of 563 casualties since May 30, suffered the highest casualties of any regiment in the service during the battle around Richmond in May and June of 1862. Only six men had shown the white feather since the regiment was formed.
  9. Mr King

    Mr King Sergeant

    Jun 21, 2008
    Colonel Henry King Burgwyn Jr and the 26th North Carolina in the battle of Gettysburg.
    On July 1st, the 26th North Carolina in Pettigrew's Brigade was called upon to assault the Federal troops of the Iron Brigade posted in McPherson's Woods. Colonel Burgwyn Jr. of 21 years of age was the youngest colonel in Lee's army and known as "The Boy Colonel". They fought against the 24th Michigan and a porton of the 19th Indiana from the Iron Brigade. These troops opposed to each other both totaled around 800 men. They ended up fighting at a distance of 20 paces and the fierce fighting lasted about 30 minutes.

    They broke the federal line which withdrew to reform again. After the third line of federal resistance the Union troops were forced to withdraw from the position. Both sides suffered around 600 casualties. The 26th North Carolina's regimental colors were shot down 14 times including the regimental commander Colonel Burgwyn Jr who was killed and his second-of-command Lt. Colonel John Lane who was seriously wounded. The confederate regiment suffered the highest number of casualties in a single battle more than any other regiment; North or South.

    On July 3rd, the 26th North Carolina with about 200 men fought again in the Pettigrew-Trimble-Pickett's Charge. The colors were shot down 8 more times before the regiment planted its colors on the Federal works--The Angle--achieving the f*arthest advance of any Confederate unit during this epic struggle with the lost of 120 men with the rest making it back safely to the Confederate line of defense. So the 26th North Carolina went into the battle of Gettysburg with 800 men and after it was over they had 80 men left.
  10. Union_Buff

    Union_Buff Major

    Oct 14, 2009
    New Zealand
    Thanks for that interesting information Mr. King and the ever resourceful M E Wolf!
  11. dvrmte

    dvrmte Major

    Sep 3, 2009
    South Carolina

    My wife had a g-g-greatuncle that was with the Palmetto Sharpshooters. His name was James Gravely.
    He made it through the Seven Days but was wounded at Sharpsburg and died in the hospital.

  12. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    In Support of Mr. King's post #8:

    O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXVII/2 [S# 44]
    JUNE 3-AUGUST 1, 1863.--The Gettysburg Campaign.
    No. 424.--Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia at the battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3.(*)
    Maj. Gen. HENRY HETH.
    Brig. Gen. J. J. PETTIGREW.
    First Brigade.
    Brig. Gen. J. J. PETTIGREW.
    Col. J. K. MARSHALL.
    11th North Carolina, Col. Collett Leventhorpe.
    26th North Carolina:
    Col. Henry K. Burgwyn, jr.
    Capt. H. C. Albright.

    47th North Carolina, Col. G. H. Faribault.
    52d North Carolina:
    Col. J. K. Marshall.
    Lieut. Col. Marcus A. Parks.
    Second Brigade.
    40th Virginia:
    Capt. T. E. Betts.
    Capt. R. B. Davis.
    47th Virginia, Col. Robert M. Mayo.
    55th Virginia, Col. W. S. Christian.
    22d Virginia Battalion, Maj. John S. Bowles.
    Third Brigade.
    Brig. Gen. JAMES J. ARCHER.
    Col. B. D. FRY.
    Lieut. Col. S. G. SHEPARD.
    18th Alabama, Col. B. D. Fry.
    5th Alabama Battalion, Maj. A. S. Van de Graaff.
    1st Tennessee (Provisional Army), Maj. Felix G. Buchanan.
    7th Tennessee, Lieut. Col. S. G. Shepard.
    14th Tennessee, Capt. B. L. Phillips.
    Fourth Brigade.
    Brig. Gen. JOSEPH R. DAVIS.
    2d Mississippi, Col. J. M. Stone.
    11th Mississippi, Col. F. M. Green.
    42d Mississippi, Col. H. R, Miller,
    55th North Carolina, Col. J. K. Connally.
    Lieut. Col. JOHN J. GARNETT.
    Donaldsonville (Louisiana) Artillery, Capt. V. Maurin.
    Huger (Virginia) Artillery, Capt. Joseph D. Moore.
    Lewis (Virginia) Artillery, Capt. John W. Lewis.
    Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, Capt. C. R. Grandy.
    O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXVII/2 [S# 44]
    JUNE 3-AUGUST 1, 1863.--The Gettysburg Campaign.
    No. 549.--Reports of Maj. Gen. Henry Heth, C. S. Army, commanding division.
    Camp near Orange Court-House, September 13, 1863.
    CAPTAIN: I have the honor to report the operations of my division from June 29 until July 1, including the part it took in the battle of Gettysburg (first day), July 1.
    The division reached Cashtown, Pa., on June 29. Cashtown is situated at the base of the South Mountain, on the direct road from Chambersburg, via Fayetteville, to Gettysburg, and 9 miles distant from the latter place.
    The division had not advanced more than 100 yards before it became hotly engaged. The enemy was steadily driven before it at all points, excepting on the left, where Brockenbrough was held in check for a short time, but finally succeeded in driving the enemy in confusion before him. Brockenbrough's brigade behaved with its usual gallantry, capturing two stand of colors and a number of prisoners. The officer who made the report of the part taken by Brockenbrough’s brigade in this day's fight has omitted to mention the names of the officers and soldiers who distinguished themselves on this occasion.

    Pettigrew's brigade encountered the enemy in heavy force, and broke through his first, second, and third lines. The Eleventh North Carolina Regiment, Colonel Leventhorpe commanding, and the Twenty-sixth North Carolina Regiment, Colonel Burgwyn, jr., commanding, displayed conspicuous gallantry, of which I was an eye-witness. The Twenty-sixth North Carolina Regiment lost in this action more than half its numbers in killed and wounded, among whom were Colonel Burgwyn killed and Lieutenant-Colonel Lane severely wounded. Colonel Leventhorpe, of the Eleventh North Carolina Regiment, was wounded, and Major Ross killed. The Fifty-second and Forty-seventh North Carolina Regiments, on the right of the center, were subjected to a heavy artillery fire, but suffered much less than the Eleventh and Twenty-sixth North Carolina Regiments. These regiments behaved to my entire satisfaction.

    Pettigrew's brigade, under the leadership of that gallant officer and accomplished scholar, Brig. Gen. J. Johnston Pettigrew (now lost to his country), fought as well, and displayed as heroic courage as it was ever my fortune to witness on a battle-field. The number of its own gallant dead and wounded, as well as the large number of the enemy's dead and wounded left on the field over which it fought, attests better than any commendation of mine the gallant part it played on July 1. In one instance, when the Twenty-sixth North Carolina Regiment encountered the second line of the enemy, his dead marked his line of battle with the accuracy of a line at a dress parade.

    Archer's brigade, on the right (Col. B. D. Fry commanding), after advancing a short distance, discovered a large body of cavalry on its right flank. Colonel Fry judiciously changed his front, thus protecting the right flank of the division during the engagement. This brigade (Archer's), the heroes of Chancellorsville, fully maintained its hard-won and well-deserved reputation. The officer making the report of the part it played in the first and second charges has failed to particularize any officer or soldier who displayed particular gallantry, which accounts for no one being named from this gallant little brigade. After breaking through the first and second lines of the enemy, and several of the regiments being out of ammunition, General Pender's division relieved my own, and continued the pursuit beyond the town of Gettysburg.

    At the same time that it would afford me much gratification, I would be doing but justice to the several batteries of Pegram's battalion in mentioning the assistance they rendered during this battle, but I have been unable to find out the names of the commanders of those batteries stationed at the points where important service was rendered, all reports of artillery officers being made through their chief.

    My thanks are particularly due to Major Pegram for his ready co-operation. He displayed his usual coolness, good judgment, and gallantry.


    I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
    H. HETH,
    Capt. W. N. STARKE,
    Asst. Adjt. Gen., Third Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
  13. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXVII/2 [S# 44]
    JUNE 3-AUGUST 1, 1863.--The Gettysburg Campaign.
    No. 550.--Report of Maj J. Jones, Twenty-sixth North Carolina Infantry, commanding Pettigrew's brigade.
    AUGUST 9, 1863.
    SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by Pettigrew's brigade in the engagements beyond the Potomac:

    On the night of June 30, ultimo, the brigade was on picket on the turnpike road leading from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, about half way between Cashtown and the latter place.

    Early on the morning of July 1, we moved down the pike toward Gettysburg. When within about 2½ miles of the town, we deployed to the left of the pike, but soon crossed over to the right, other regiments of the division having been engaged for some time. We took up our position in rear of our batteries after we moved to the right. After remaining in this position about half an hour, exposed to a random fire from the enemy's guns, losing probably a dozen men killed and wounded, we received orders to advance. We moved forward about half a mile, and halted in a skirt of woods.

    The following is the position of the regiments in the brigade: On the right, the Fifty-second North Carolina, next the Forty-seventh North Carolina, then the Eleventh North Carolina, and on the left the Twenty-sixth. In our front was a wheat-field about a fourth of a mile wide; then came a branch, with thick underbrush and briars skirting the banks. Beyond this was again an open field, with the exception of a wooded hill directly in front of the Twenty-sixth Regiment, about covering its front.

    Skirmishers being thrown out, we remained in line of battle until 2 p.m., when orders to advance were received. The brigade moved forward in beautiful style, at quick time, just with the brigade on our left, commanded by Colonel Brockenbrough. When nearing the branch referred to, the enemy poured a galling fire into the left of the brigade from the opposite bank, where they had massed in heavy force while we were in line of battle in the woods. The Forty-seventh and Fifty-second, although exposed to a hot fire from artillery and infantry, lost but few in comparison with the Eleventh and Twenty-sixth. On went the command across the branch and up the opposite slope, driving the enemy at the point of the bayonet back upon their second line. This second line was encountered by our left (the Twenty-sixth), while the other regiments were exposed to a heavy shelling. The enemy's single line in the field was engaged principally with the right of the Eleventh and Forty-seventh. The enemy did not perceive the Fifty-second, which flanked their left, until they discovered themselves by a raking and destructive fire into their ranks, by which they were broken. On this second line, the fighting was terrible--our men advancing, the enemy stubbornly resisting, until the two lines were pouring volleys into each other at a distance not greater than 20 paces. At last the enemy were compelled to give way. They again made a stand in the woods, and the third time they were driven from their position, losing a stand of colors, which was taken by the Twenty-sixth; but, owing to some carelessness, they were left behind, and were picked up by some one else.

    While the Twenty-sixth was thus engaged, the rest of the line, having cleared the field and being exposed to a heavy fire from the enemy's batteries, were ordered to fall back, which they did in perfect order. The Twenty-sixth, not receiving the order, were now engaged in collecting ammunition from the enemy's dead, being entirely out themselves. Just as they were ready to advance again, General Pender's division passed over them. They followed on, and assisted in driving the enemy from the heights on the edge of the town. They then halted. That night the brigade bivouacked in the woods they had occupied previous to making the charge.

    While the whole brigade behaved most admirably, especial credit is due the Eleventh and Twenty-sixth. The Twenty-sixth lost more than half its men killed and wounded, among them Col. H. K. Burgwyn, jr., killed, Lieut. Col. J. R. Lane seriously wounded, both with the colors, with many other most valuable officers. Col. C. Leventhorpe, of the Eleventh, and Major [E. A. J Ross were lost--the former wounded severely, the latter killed--with many officers and men.

    We remained in this position until the evening of the 2d, when we moved about a mile to our right, and took position in rear of our batteries, facing the works of the enemy on Cemetery Hill.

    We remained here until about 12 o'clock on the 3d, when our batteries opened upon the enemy's position. About 2 o'clock we were ordered to advance. It was an open field in front, about three-quarters of a mile in width. In moving off, there was some confusion in the line, owing to the fact that it had been ordered to close in on the right on Pickett's division, while that command gave way to the left. This was soon corrected, and the advance was made in perfect order. When about half across the intervening space, the enemy opened on us a most destructive fire of grape and canister. When within about 250 or 300 yards of the stone wall behind which the enemy was posted, we were met with a perfect hail-storm of lead from their small-arms. The brigade dashed on, and many had reached the wall, when we received a deadly volley from the left. The whole line on the left had given way, and we were being rapidly flanked. With our thinned ranks and in such a position, it would have been folly to stand, and against such odds. We therefore fell back to our original position in rear of the batteries. After this day's fight, but one field officer was left in the brigade. Regiments that went in with colonels came out commanded by lieutenants.

    We remained in this position until the night of the 4th, when we took up line of march for Hagerstown, Md. We remained there and in the vicinage until the night of the 13th, for some days in line of battle. On that night, we took up line of march for the Potomac.

    After traveling all night in mud and rain, about 8 o'clock on the morning of the 14th we took position in a wheat-field as a portion of the rear guard, while the rest of the troops crossed the river at the pontoon bridge (about 1½ miles) at Falling Waters. The men stacked arms, and most of them were asleep, feeling perfectly secure, as our cavalry were out in front. We had been here probably two hours when the enemy's cavalry dashed in upon us, causing some confusion, as the men were just aroused from sleep. Soon as they saw what was the matter, they seized their guns, and soon made way with the cavalry; all but 3 of them were killed or wounded. General Pettigrew was here mortally wounded. He had received a severe contusion on the hand on the 3d, but would not report off duty. I was informed of his condition, and that I was senior officer of the brigade, subject to the orders of Lieutenant-Colonel [S. G.] Shepard, commanding General Archer's brigade.

    Soon after this, I received orders to fall back gradually to the river. I did so, fighting the enemy, who had now brought up an infantry force, all the way. In this I lost a few men killed and several taken prisoners, most of whom gave out from exhaustion. I could have saved most of those lost by a more hasty retreat along the road, but in that event would have left a brigade on my left completely in the hands of the enemy.

    We crossed the pontoon about 12 m., just as the bridge was being cut loose. The brigade was marched next day to Bunker Hill, where it remained until I was relieved from command by the arrival of Lieutenant-Colonel [W. J.] Martin, of the Eleventh.

    The brigade deserves the highest praise, not more from its conduct on the battle-field than its soldierly bearing on the march. Where every one did his duty, it would be invidious to mention names.

    For list of casualties, see reports before sent in.

    I am, major, respectfully, your obedient servant,
    J. JONES,
    Major Twenty-sixth Regiment North Carolina Troops.
    Maj. R. H. FINNEY,
    Assistant Adjutant-General.
  14. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXVII/2 [S# 44]
    JUNE 3-AUGUST 1, 1863.--The Gettysburg Campaign.
    No. 551.--Report of Capt. J. J. Young, quartermaster Twenty-sixth North Carolina Infantry.
    July 4, 1863.
    MY DEAR GOVERNOR: I will trespass a few minutes upon your indulgence to communicate the sad fate that has befallen the old Twenty-sixth.

    The heaviest conflict of the war has taken place in this vicinity. It commenced July 1, and raged furiously until late last night. Heth's division, of A. P. Hill's corps, opened the ball, and Pettigrew’s brigade was the advance. We went in with over 800 men in the regiment. There came out but 216, all told, unhurt.

    Yesterday they were again engaged, and now have only about 80 men for duty.

    To give you an idea of the frightful loss in officers: Heth being wounded, Pettigrew commands the division and Major [J.] Jones our brigade. Eleven men were shot down the first day with our colors; yesterday they were lost. Poor Colonel Burgwyn, jr., was shot through both lungs, and died shortly afterward. His loss is great, for he had but few equals of his age. Captain McCreery, of General Pettigrew's staff, was shot through the heart and instantly killed; with them Lieutenant-Colonel Lane through the neck, jaw, and mouth, I fear mortally; Adjutant [James B.] Jordan in the hip, severely; Captain [J. T.] Adams, shoulder, seriously; Stokes McRae's thigh broken; Captain [William] Wilson was killed; Lieutenants [John W.] Richardson and [J. B.] Holloway have died of their wounds. It is thought Lieutenant [M.] McLeod and Captain [N. G.] Bradford will die.

    Nearly all the rest of the officers were slightly wounded. [I. A.] Jarratt I had forgotten to mention--in the face and hand. Yesterday, Captain [S. P.] Wagg was shot through by grape and instantly killed; Lieutenant [G.] Broughton in the head, and instantly killed; [Alexander] Saunders was wounded and [J. R.] Emerson left on the field for dead.

    Captain [H. C.] Albright is the only captain left in the regiment unhurt, and commands the regiment. Lieutenants [J. A.] Lowe, [M. B.] Blair, [T. J.] Cureton, and [C. M.] Sudderth are all of the subalterns. Colonel Faribault, of the Forty-seventh, is severely wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel [J. A.] Graves and Major [A. D.] Crudup supposed killed. Colonel Marshall and Major [J. Q.] Richardson, of the Fifty-second, supposed to be killed. Lieutenant-Colonel Parks dangerously wounded; Colonel Leventhorpe badly wounded; Major Ross killed.

    Our whole division numbers but only 1,500 or 1,600 effective men, as officially reported, but, of course, a good many will still come in. The division at the beginning numbered about 8,000 effective men.

    I hear our army is generally badly cut up. We will fall back about 5 miles, to draw the enemy, if possible, from his impregnable position.

    It was a second Fredericksburg affair, only the wrong way. We had to charge over a mile a stone wall in an elevated position.

    I learn the loss of the enemy is terrible. We have taken 10,000 or 15,000 prisoners in all. Yesterday, in falling back, we had to leave the wounded; hence the uncertainty of a good many being killed late yesterday evening. I must close.

    Yours, truly,
    J. J. YOUNG,
    Captain, and Assistant Quartermaster.

    His Excellency Gov. ZEBULON B. VANCE.
    Personally, I think this report is the most information in details provided about the 26th N.C. Regiment at Gettysburg.

    M. E. Wolf
  15. Mr King

    Mr King Sergeant

    Jun 21, 2008
    You're welcome Union_Buff. Thank you M E Wolf for providing all that info! :smile:

    Have you read, 'The Struck Eagle' by James Baldwin III? In case you haven't, It's a biography on Micah Jenkins, the 5th South Carolina Volunteers and the Palmetto Sharpshooters. It's one of my favorite books and I highly recommend it! It also provides a list of all the men who served; their names, ranks, and other info. One of my cousins' husband is related to Micah Jenkins. I found your wife's relative listed in this book! Here's the info:

    Graveley, James W.

    Last Rank (Company):
    Private (B)

    Date Entered:
    c. 7/1/62

    Place Entered:

    Final Disposition:
    MW(mortally wounded) 9/17/62

    Number of Times Wounded:
  16. Remember1864

    Remember1864 Private

    Sep 13, 2009
    I've always been under the impression that the First Maine Heavy Artillery suffered the highest percentage of casualties for any outfit in any action of the American Civil War. But, it seems difficult to find more than once source that agrees with another when it comes to documentation. I do believe it is generally accepted that around 900 men made that charge. Aproximately 600 end up as KIA, wounded, and mortally wounded.

    The action I speak of takes place on 18 June 1864 at Hare's Hill just outside of Petersburg, Virginia. The unit, acting as an Infantry Regiment in the 1st Brigade/3rd Division/ II Corps /AoP, attacks at 4:30pm. The assault is over in about 10 minutes.

    The two best accounts of this action are the regiment's history by Horace H. Shaw and Charles J. House, (1903), and Thomas Howe's "Wasted Valor" published by H.E. Howard, (1988). Unfortunately, I have access to neither of these as I type this posting. Trudeau gives a quick mention in his volume, "The Last Citadel", (1993).

    John Marler
    Franklin, TN
  17. M E Wolf

    M E Wolf Colonel Retired Moderator

    Feb 9, 2008
    In support of Remember1864:

    O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XL/1 [S# 80]
    JUNE 13-JULY 31, 1864.--The Richmond (Virginia) Campaign.
    July 24, 1864.--Engagement at Saint Mary's Church. (+)
    July 24, 1864.--Action at Hare's Hill.
    July 27, 1864.--Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock, U.S. Army, resumes command of the Second Army Corps.
    Of Campaigns, Battles, Engagements, Actions, Combats, Sieges, Skirmishes, Affairs, Reconnoissances, Scouts and Other Military Events Connected with the "War of the Rebellion" During the Period of Actual Hostilities, From April 12, 1861, to May 26, 1866.
    Hare's Hill, Va. -- Action June 24, 1864
    Hare's Hill. Va. -- Skir June 28, 1864

    Dyer's Compendium, Pt. 2 (Campaigns etc.)
    Battles, Campaigns, Etc., in Virginia
    June 24 Action, Hare's Hill CONNECTICUT--21st Infantry. MASSACHUSETTS--40th Infantry. NEW YORK--92d Infantry. PENNSYLVANIA--58th and 188th Infantry.
    June 28. Skirmish, Hare's Hill CONNECTICUT--21st Infantry. MASSACHUSETTS--40th Infantry. NEW YORK--92d Infantry. PENNSYLVANIA--58th and 188th Infantry.
    A Guide-Index to the Official Records Of The Union And Confederate Armies, 1861-1865
    Volume II:Main Eastern Theater of Operations
    Hare's Hill [Hare], atlas 65:1 (E by N of Petersburg, lower left); 64:1 (E of Blandford between Poo Greek and Harrison's Creek, upper left). action June 24, 1864 (Richmond Campaign), 80:Ev2; 81:In754; 107:U1250, 1251. See also 80:716.
  18. Mr King

    Mr King Sergeant

    Jun 21, 2008
    Hello John,
    I just read your statement then later watched the animation campaigns at:
    It mentions the 1st Maine and this statement:
    as the 1st Maine attacks an isolated Confederate artillery battery west of the city, they see a "fine-looking old officer on a grey horse" who seems to be directing the battery. When the Union soldiers finally taken the battery they ask who the officer was. A mortally wounded Conferate officer replies, "General Robert E. Lee, sir, and he was the last man to leave these guns."
  19. Remember1864

    Remember1864 Private

    Sep 13, 2009
    Thanks Mr. King,

    That must be relative to the action outside of Petersburg on 2 April 1865. This is the Federal attempt to enter the city that gets stalled by CS defenders at Forts Gregg and Whitworth. Lee is indeed close by at his HQ, (Edge Hill, aka, Rohoic), which is proximal to those Confederate positions.

    John Marler
    Franklin, TN
  20. Mr King

    Mr King Sergeant

    Jun 21, 2008
    You're welcome John. I looked up the 1st Maine and found a website dedicated to them:

    They have a monument in Petersburg:
    The monument is of Hallowell, Maine granite and the designers and makers were Messrs. Badger and Brothers of Quincy, Mass. On the front at the top is the coat of arms of the State of Maine. Below this are the words: “Maine Heavy Artillery. In memory of the 604 brave members who fell charging here June, 1864.” Under this appears the words: “Maine – Virginia”, joined together by the words: “Union and Peace”.
  21. Remember1864

    Remember1864 Private

    Sep 13, 2009
    Indeed Mr. King,

    I am former/present user of the site you made mention of. Very familiar with the 1st Maine Monument at Petersburg National Battlefield; I worked there as a seasonal ranger from May of '99 to September '01. After that term of duty with the NPS, I started my own tour company and continued to tell people the story of the Petersburg Campaign. The Charge of the 1st ME tour was a favorite of mine for many reasons.

    For one, I was able to take folks off the beaten path to sites they usually wouldn't visit. I began that particular tour from the old Prince George Courthouse road bed. (The same spot the Maine men began that assault.) A portion of the road still shows evidence of earthworks used by the Federal troops. As the tour advanced, we negotiated a equestrian trail, trying once again to follow in "their" footsteps. The tour would end at the First Maine monument and I was always careful to point out to visitors the number of mortally wounded listed on the bronze tablets. Some of those soldiers suffered for months before dying; several not passing away until 1865!

    As a side note, I find the Confederate viewpoint of this attack quite interesting. Quite simply, it wasn't that big of a deal to the Southern troops in and around Colquitt's Salient. Why? CS casualties for the same attack were as follows; 1 dead, 25 wounded. Guess it pays to be on good ground.

    John Marler
    Franklin, TN

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