While just as common in the Union army (at least until mid-1863) the Enfield has been widely cited as the "std infantry arm of the Confederacy." It was certainly common enough to warrant usage for a generic CS impression at a mainstream Civil War re-enactment, which is where you find most of them. IIRC, from shipping manifests Lon Webster's book Entrepot attempted an accounting of all Enfields which ran the blockade and got into Confederate hands. It was something over 290,000. For easy math, let's say 300K. There were at least that many smoothbore muskets in use by Confederates, both imported and domestic. A few Flintlocks and obsolete European big bore pumpkin slingers, a lot of US models converted from flint and some percussion US Model 1842s. According to Nosworthy in Bloody Crucible of Courage (great book/terrible title) the ANV was still ordering buck and ball rounds in .69 by the hundreds of thousands in early 1865. So much for the theory that every Reb was equipped with a .58 rifle-musket by mid-1863. Nothing says "Confederate" like a smoothbore musket, but most Confederate (re)enactors use the Enfield. Or take the canteen. CS soldiers often remarked on the prevalence of captured US smoothside canteens over all else, but the (re)-Johnnies find it hard to resist tin drums and wooden canteens. Ditto with oval belt and cartridge box plates. It's our mindset. (Re)enactor based history takes the place of actual US history, especially with respect to material culture. We don't even teach very much US History in our schools anymore. An average Confederate soldier traveling ahead in time to a modern mainstream Civil War (re)enactment would have a hard time recognizing his modern counterpart based on the equipment in use, appearance and camp life. Heck, the time traveler would probably be happy to join them at the funnel cake stand, sleep on an air mattress and of course liquor up after hours. He might not have understood the numerical advantage in the field though. I stand accused of using a specific (rather than generic) weapon based on the date or other requirements of the event. My fellow park service volunteers chide me for pulling a particular musket out like a golfer picking a certain club out of his bag for a certain shot. It really only takes a smoothbore and a rifle-musket, of which there are a variety of reproductions available. I probably take it a little farther than most. That's an important part of enjoying the hobby for me. There is a story to tell, but you also communicate non-verbally by your appearance, attitude, equipment and how you use the material culture of the time period. I don't have all the answers but I am learning all the time. I do suspect the Enfield is vastly over-represented at most Civil War (re)enactment events. And I think my coffee is about right because it is campfire roasted from green Rio (v. Arabica) beans, very strong and tastes terrible.