Patronage was used to reward people who helped win elections. Grant saw little reason to give up an advantage that had been used for decades. There was a good deal more progress towards a civil service system when an assassin shot President Garfield.I must confess that I pay no more attention to Grant's "scandals" than I do to his "drunkenness" and "butchery". I thought I had answered the question about patronage and whether or not Grant had fumbled. The absolute rage that the Democrats and the pious Republicans expressed about what he did with the appointments has always suggested to me that he had done far too good a job of understanding what patronage was for.