The Battle of Munfordville, Kentucky

Buckeye Bill

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The Battle of Munfordville (Battle of Green River) was an engagement in Kentucky during the American Civil War. Victory there allowed the Confederates to temporarily strengthen their hold on the region and impair Federal supply lines.

In late August 1862, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg's army left Chattanooga, Tennessee and marched into Kentucky. Pursued by Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell's Union Army, Bragg approached Munfordville, a station on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad and the location of the railroad bridge crossing Green River, in mid-September. Col. John T. Wilder commanded the Federal garrison at Munfordville, which consisted of three regiments behind extensive fortifications. Wilder refused Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers's demand to surrender on September 14. Federal forces repulsed Chalmers's attacks that day, forcing the Confederates to conduct siege operations September 15 and September 16.

Late on September 16, realizing that Buell's forces were near and not wishing to kill or injure innocent civilians, the Confederates sent another demand for surrender. Wilder entered enemy lines under a flag of truce, and Confederate Maj. Gen. Simon B. Buckner escorted him to view the Confederate strength to convince him resistance was futile. Realizing the odds he faced, Wilder agreed to surrender. The formal ceremony took place the next day. With the railroad and bridge, Munfordville was an important transportation center, and Confederates' control hampered the movement of Federal supplies and men.

The Battle of Rowlett's Station (Battle of Woodsonville) was fought on December 17, 1861. Federal forces won this conflict and took control of the Louisville - Nashville Railroad Bridge (Battle for the Bridge). Confederate Colonel Benjamin Franklin Terry of the 8th Texas Ranger Cavalry unit was mortally wounded just north of the Rowlett's Station Train Depot. The new Texas Monument was not yet erected on our visit to this venue.

* The Civil War Trust Map.

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* Sketch of the Louisville - Nashville Railroad Bridge crossing the Green River.

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* The Louisville - Nashville Railroad Bridge Tiers over the Green River.

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* Sketch of Federal Fort Craig.

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* Modern Photo of Fort Craig (Private Property).

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* The Kentucky State Historical Marker on US 31.

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* The Anthony Woodson Farm House.

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* The Woodson Farm (The Main Battlefield).

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* The Colonel Robert Smith Monument (Sits on Louisville - Nashville Railroad Property)

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* The Kentucky State Historical Marker (Confederate Colonel Benjamin F. Terry was Mortally Wounded).

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* City of Munfordville, Kentucky American Civil War Mural.

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* Photos Courtesy of William Bechmann (2012)
 
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I got the chance to visit a couple of years ago. :smile: I believe it's right off of I-65.

I call this the Butterfly Battlefield in my head. As I walked past the farm house and under those trees, there were butterflies everywhere. You actually had to be careful as you walked to avoid stepping on them. Some of them even landed on me.

So, there I was with my butterflies, trying to figure out where the heck I was because I just stumbled upon this, and a train went by in the distance...which kinda added to the atmosphere.

It's very quiet and peaceful.
 

Buckeye Bill

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Thank you for this, Bill. I'm stickin' with you, Buddy, because I learn about so many fights through your nice photo essays and postings.
Thanks, Pat!

I love touring the famous American Civil War battlefields. But there is something special about touring the lesser known venues.

The states of Kentucky and Missouri contain a lot of lesser known battlefields.

One has to do more research before he or she heads out to these spots. This is where my passion and hobby turns to pure enjoyment and satisfaction.

Bill
 
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#6
Anthony LeVillein Woodson was the first cousin of my 3rd great-grandfather, John LeVillein Woodson, who moved from Kentucky to Tennessee sometime in the 1840's and died in 1857. Thanks for sharing this, I wasn't aware of the Woodson connection to this battle or that the house was still standing. From what I'm reading this is not the original house but was built to the same plans shortly after the war, and the (separate) kitchen is original.
 

Buckeye Bill

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Anthony LeVillein Woodson was the first cousin of my 3rd great-grandfather, John LeVillein Woodson, who moved from Kentucky to Tennessee sometime in the 1840's and died in 1857. Thanks for sharing this, I wasn't aware of the Woodson connection to this battle or that the house was still standing. From what I'm reading this is not the original house but was built to the same plans shortly after the war, and the (separate) kitchen is original.
* Close Up of the Anthony Woodson Farm House Marker

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