Staff Personnel in the Five Brigades Comprising Rodes’ Division

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Tom Elmore

Sergeant Major
Member of the Year
Jan 16, 2015
When assessing the capability of a general officer, we should also take into consideration the composition and quality of his staff. Typical staff positions serving the commander of a Confederate infantry brigade included:
-Assistant Adjutant General (AAG)
-Assistant Inspector General (AIG) (seldom identified; duties might be handled by an AAG or the combined position sometimes denoted as an Assistant Adjutant and Inspector General or AAIG)
-Aide-de-Camp (ADC) (a second ADC might be present in a volunteer capacity)
-Quartermaster (AQM)
-Commissary of Subsistence (ACS)
-Senior Surgeon
-Ordnance Officer
-Couriers (two assigned to a brigade staff)
-Orderly/Hostler (seldom identified; these duties might also be handled by a brigade commander’s slave/servant if present).

Brigadier General Junius Daniel:
-Captain William M. Hammond, AAG. In April 1861, he was enrolled as a Lieutenant in what became the 14th North Carolina, before becoming Adjutant of the 45th North Carolina on April 6, 1862. He was appointed AAG to Daniel in October 1862. In 1864, he was reassigned to inspection duty in the southeast.
-2nd Lieutenant William Robert Bond, ADC, severely wounded on July 1 and captured during the retreat. He was born August 20, 1840 in Halifax, North Carolina, the only child of Dr. Robert C. Bond and his wife, Martha Long. In early 1861, he graduated from the University of North Carolina, and on May 16 of that year enlisted as a Private in Company G, 12th North Carolina. In February 1862, he was appointed 3rd Lieutenant in Company F, 43rd North Carolina. By mid-1862, he was serving as ADC on Daniel’s staff. He died on June 20, 1922 at Scotland Neck, North Carolina.
-Lieutenant Colonel Wharton Jackson Green, volunteer ADC, severely wounded July 1 and captured on the retreat. Born near St. Mark’s, Florida, Green attended Georgetown University until 1850. He entered the U.S. Military Academy at West Point that year but departed in 1853, when he attended the University of Virginia’s Law School, then Cumberland University. He was admitted to the bar in 1854 and became a partner at a law firm in Washington, D.C., but soon gave up the profession for agricultural pursuits in Warren County, North Carolina. He enlisted as a Private in Company F, 12th North Carolina before resigning to accept a commission in the 2nd North Carolina Battalion, and served as an aide beginning in early 1863. From Gettysburg he was sent to the prison camp on Johnson’s Island, Ohio, and released at the end of the war. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions of 1868, 1872, 1876 and 1888. He was married twice, to women named Hester and Adeline, and had three daughters. He died on August 6, 1910 in Fayetteville, North Carolina.
-Major James Nicholson Edmondston, AQM, possibly present at Gettysburg.
-Major Richard Cogsdell Badger, ACS, possibly present at Gettysburg. Born on August 8, 1839, his father was a distinguished judge. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1859. Badger joined the war effort as a Sergeant in the 4th North Carolina, rising to Sergeant Major before being promoted in 1862 to ACS Captain of the 45th North Carolina, followed by brigade ACS in the same year. He resigned in December 1864 upon being elected as Clerk in the North Carolina Senate. Postwar, Badger practiced law, served as a U.S. District Attorney from 1873-1877, and was a member of the General Assembly of North Carolina. He died in Raleigh on April 22, 1882.
-Surgeon (Major) Holt Fairfield Butt, brigade surgeon (32 NC). Butt had attended the University of Virginia and obtained his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania’s Medical Department in 1856.
-2nd Lieutenant William Beavans, Ordnance Officer (from D/43 NC).
-William (“Bill"), Daniel's slave/servant whose duties included obtaining provisions.
Sources: Official Reports; Compiled Service Records (CSRs); Confederate Casualties at Gettysburg, John W. Busey and Travis W. Busey;;;; Diary of William Beavans; Wharton Jackson Green, Recollections and Reflections.

Brigadier General Stephen Dodson Ramseur
-Captain Seaton Gales, AAG. Born on May 17, 1828, he graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1848 and that same year succeeded his deceased father as editor of the Raleigh Register. Two years later he married Mary A. Cameron; they would have seven children together. When the paper failed in 1856, Gales worked for the North Carolina Bank. With the onset of war he served as Adjutant of the 14th North Carolina. He was appointed brigade AAG in June 1862. Gales was captured at Fisher’s Hill in October 1864 and sat out the rest of the war at Johnson’s Island, Ohio. In 1866, he became associate editor of the Raleigh Sentinel, but three years later went into the insurance business. At the time of his death on November 29, 1878, he was superintendent of the document room in the U.S. House of Representatives.
-Lieutenant Caleb Hazard Richmond, Jr., ADC. Born on January 17, 1843 in Milton, North Carolina, he attended the University of North Carolina from 1860-1861. He left school to join Company I, 45th North Carolina as a Private. His sister Ellen (“Nellie”) would marry Ramseur, her first cousin. Richmond was discharged in late 1862 to become ADC to Ramseur, whom he would serve until the latter’s death in October 1864. In 1866, Richmond married Ellen Lewis. He died on April 4, 1923 at the home of his son-in-law in North Carolina.
-Lieutenant Joseph Graham Morrison, volunteer ADC. He was born on June 1, 1842 and named for his maternal grandfather. His sister, Mary Anna, married Thomas Jonathan Jackson, who would become known by his sobriquet, “Stonewall.” Morrison entered the Virginia Military Institute in January 1862, but left later in the year to become ADC to Jackson, whom he served until the latter’s death. He then served as an ADC on Ramseur’s staff until after Gettysburg, when he became Adjutant of the 57th North Carolina. Morrison died on April 11, 1906 and was buried in Lincolnton, North Carolina.
Sources: Ramseur’s Official Report;; CSRs of Gales and Richmond, Jr.;;;

Brigadier General George Doles
-Captain Fletcher Tillman Snead, AAG. Born July 28, 1829 in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia; his father was a Methodist minister. At the age of 20, he moved to Oglethorpe, Georgia. He married in 1852, but his wife died just 19 months later, leaving him heartbroken. While working as a druggist, Snead studied law and passed the bar in 1857. In 1861, he enlisted as a Sergeant in Company I, 4th Georgia, and rose steadily through the ranks. In November 1862, he was promoted Captain and Assistant Adjutant General of Doles’ brigade, and was kept in that post by Doles’ successor, General Cook. Snead took only one short leave of absence during the war. When peace was restored, he resumed his law practice and became active in state and local politics. In 1872, he married the daughter of a Methodist minister; they had three boys. Snead died on May 8, 1891 in Oglethorpe, Georgia.
-First Lieutenant Eugene A. Hawkins, ADC, born 1842, resident of Milledgeville, Georgia, attended Franklin College (later the University of Georgia) from 1858-1861 – he had matriculated with the Class of 1862. Hawkins was killed on May 5, 1864.
-Private Roswell S. Cheves, Courier (K/4 GA). Served as courier from April 1 until July 3, 1863, for which he received 40 cents extra per day for 94 days for “use and risk of a private horse.” He was captured near Petersburg on March 25, 1865, and released upon taking the oath of allegiance on June 7, 1865.
-Private? P. T. Ormsby, Courier.
-Acting Sergeant Charles Timothy Furlow, Orderly (K/4 GA). A resident of Americus, Georgia, he attended Emory College from 1859 until early 1861. He left college to enlist at Americus on April 27, 1861.
Sources: Fold3, Confederate Casualties; CSRs; Staff Officers in Gray, by Robert E. L. Krick; Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Emory College, Oxford, Georgia, 1860-’61, Atlanta, Georgia: Franklin Printing House, 1861, p. 13; Catalogue of the Trustees, Officers, Alumni and Matriculates of the University of Georgia at Athens, Georgia from 1785 to 1906, p. 83;;

Colonel Edward Asbury O’Neal
-Lieutenant Alexander Hamilton Pickett, Acting ADC (3 AL). Born December 8, 1836, he graduated from the University of Alabama in 1859. He enlisted as a Private in Company D, 3rd Alabama on April 26, 1861 and was appointed Adjutant of the regiment on December 18, 1862. On August 15, 1863, he was nominated to become AAG of the brigade. On April 20, 1864, he married Virginia Eliza Powell in Union Springs, Alabama. From 1886-1898, Pickett served as Circuit Court Clerk. He died on January 11, 1900.
-Major James C. Bryan, AQM.
-Major Daniel T. Webster, ACS, possibly present at Gettysburg. Webster enlisted as a Private in Company I, 5th Alabama on April 18, 1861. In September of that year he was commissioned ACS of the regiment, and by the end of 1861 he was concurrently Acting ACS of the brigade. By late 1862, he held the rank of Major.
-Surgeon (Major) John M. Hayes, probable senior brigade surgeon (26 AL), left behind with the wounded and captured. Hayes was placed in overall charge of the hospitals of Rodes’ division.
-Lieutenant J. Webb (likely James E. Webb, 5 AL), Ordnance Officer, probably present.
-Private Thomas G. Moore, Courier (D/5 AL). Enlisted April 13, 1861 at Greensboro, Alabama in Company I (which became new Company D), 5th Alabama.
-Private William S. Cowin, Courier (D/5 AL). Enlisted April 13, 1861 at Greensboro, Alabama in Company I (which became new Company D), 5th Alabama.
Sources: Official Report of E. A. O’Neal; A Register of the Officers and Students of the University of Alabama 1831-1901;; CSRs of A. H. Pickett, D. T. Webster, Col. Pickens (12 AL), Moore and Cowin; Voices from Company D (5 AL).

Brigadier General Alfred Iverson
-Captain Don Peters Halsey, AAG. Born in Lynchburg, Virginia on September 15, 1836, he graduated with distinction from Emory and Henry in 1854, briefly served as Professor of Latin and Greek at Roanoke College, attended the University of Virginia from 1855-1856, then went abroad to study law and ancient languages at Universities in Bonn, Berlin and Heidelberg. In May 1861 he served as a lieutenant in Company G, 2nd Virginia Cavalry, and in spring 1862 he joined Longstreet’s staff as a volunteer ADC. He lost sight in his right eye at Seven Pines, and was wounded again at Sharpsburg. Halsey reorganized, rallied, and commanded what was left of the brigade late in the day on July 1, earning high praise from his corps commander, Ewell. On March 2, 1865, he was captured by Custer at Waynesboro, Virginia. In 1866, he wed Sarah Ann Warwick Daniel, and practiced law for several years. He died on New Year’s Day, 1883, at the age of 46.
-Lieutenant J. D. Ector, ADC.
-Colonel Henry Eaton Coleman, volunteer ADC. Born January 5, 1837 in Halifax County, Virginia, he attended the Virginia Military Institute in 1851, but was dismissed the following year. In 1853 he attended the College of William and Mary, although he did not graduate. He was seriously wounded at Spotsylvania. In 1870, Coleman married Julia Logan. He died June 25, 1890.
-Major William M. Payne, AQM, possibly present at Gettysburg.
-Private John A. L. Sherrill, Courier (A/12 NC).
Sources: Official Reports of Ewell, Iverson, etc.; Sketch of Capt. Don P. Halsey, Southern Historical Society Papers;;; CSR of Sherrill.
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