{⋆★⋆} GEN Smith, Edmund Kirby

Edmund Kirby Smith

General Smith.jpg

Born: May 16, 1824

Birthplace: Saint Augustine, Florida

Father: Joseph Lee Smith 1776 – 1846
(Buried: Huguenot Cemetery, St. Augustine, Florida)​

Mother: Frances Kirby 1785 – 1875
(Buried: Huguenot Cemetery, St. Augustine, Florida)​

Wife: Cassie Selden 1837 - 1907
(Buried: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​

Married: September 24, 1861 in Lynchburg, Virginia



Caroline Selden “Carrie” Kirby Smith Crolly 1862 – 1941​
(Buried: University of South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​
Frances Kirby Smith Wade 1864 – 1952​
(Buried: Evergreen Cemetery, Los Angeles, California)
Edmund Kirby Smith Jr. 1866 – 1938​
(Buried: Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Long Beach, California)​
Rowena Selden “Nina” Kirby Smith Buck 1870 – 1965​
(Buried: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​
Lydia Kirby Smith Hale 1871 – 1943​
(Buried: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​
Elizabeth Chaplin Kirby Smith 1872 – 1917​
(Buried: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​
Dr. Reynold Marvin “RM” Kirby Smith 1874 – 1962​
(Buried: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​
William Selden Kirby Smith Sr. 1876 – 1941​
(Buried: Evergreen Cemetery, El Paso, Texas)​
Josephine Kirby Smith Fayerweather 1878 – 1961
(Buried: O’ahu Cemetery, Honolulu, Hawaii)​
Dr. Joseph Lee Kirby Smith 1882 – 1939​
(Buried: Oaklawn Cemetery, Jacksonville, Florida)​
Ephraim Kirby Smith 1884 – 1940​
(Buried: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee)​


1845: Graduated from West Point Military Academy (25th in class)​

Occupation before War:

1845 – 1846: Brevet 2nd Lt. United States Army, 5th Infantry Regiment​
1846 – 1851: 2nd Lt. United States Army, 7th Infantry Regiment​
1849 – 1852: Assistant Mathematics Instructor at West Point​
1851 – 1855: 1st Lt. United States Army, 7th Infantry Regiment​
1855 – 1861: Captain, United States Army, 2nd Cavalry Regiment​
1861: Major, United States Army, 2nd​ Cavalry Regiment​
1861: Resigned from United States Army on April 6th

Civil War Career:

1861: Major of Confederate States Artillery​
1861: Lt. Colonel of Confederate States Army Cavalry​
1861: Assistant Adjutant General for the Shenandoah Valley​
1861: Brigadier General of Confederate Army Infantry​
1861: Wounded in neck and shoulder during First Battle of Bull Run​
1862: Commander of Department of Middle & East Florida​
1862: Major General of Confederate Army Infantry​
1862: Commander of Army of East Tennessee​
1862: Participated in the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky​
1862 – 1864: Lt. General of Confederate Army Infantry​

Edmond Kirby Smith Bronze Statue
Designed by Artist C. Adrian Pillars
Given by the State of Florida in 1922
Capitol Visitor's Center, Washington, DC
Public Domain Photo
from the
Architect of the Capitol

1863 – 1865: Commander of the Trans – Mississippi Department​
1864 – 1865: General of Confederate Army, Infantry​
1865: June 2, Signed terms of Surrender in Galveston, Texas​
1865: Lived in Mexico and Cuba​
1865: Took Oath of Amnesty at Lynchburg, Virginia​

Occupation after War:

1866 – 1868: President of Atlantic & Pacific Telegraph Company​
1868 – 1870: President of Western Military Institute​
1870 – 1875: President of University of Nashville​
1875 – 1893: Mathematics Professor, University of the South​

Died: March 28, 1893

Place of Death: Sewanee, Tennessee

Cause of Death: Pneumonia

Age at time of Death: 68 years old

Burial Place: University of the South Cemetery, Sewanee, Tennessee
Last edited by a moderator:
Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
The bio that I've read about him states that he was wounded fighting Indians in the Nescutunga Valley of Texas. I can locate no such valley in Texas. The only place I found with that name is in Kansas.But he was in Texas just before the War as he refused to surrender his command to Ben McCulloch's Forces.
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Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
Kirby Smith took over control of the Trans-Mississippi Department from Theophilus Holmes, who was somewhat pleased when relieved of command. This became a vitual independent nation after the fall of Vicksburg and control of the Mississippi River and was at times referred to as "Kirby Smithdom".
Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
An interesting story concernung Kirby Smith. In August of 1865 while Smith was in exile(Mexico or Cuba) , rumor had it that General Beauregard was harboring Smith in his New Orleans home.Federal troops surrounded the house and since no jail was close the inhabitants of Beauregard's house were locked in a cotton press overnight.Beauregard complained to Gen. Phil Sheridan and the matter was taken care of. It is said Sheridan "expressed his annoyance."


Feb 19, 2011
I wonder if he and Edmund J Davis had known each other growing up. They were both born in St Augustine Florida a couple years apart; Smiths father was a judge, Davis’ was a lawyer.

E J Davis moved to Texas as a 20 something and by 1860 was a local judge. He opposed secession and had to flee the state. Became a Colonel and then Brigadier General in US army.

When Edmund Kirby Smith agreed to meet in Galveston to sign surrender terms, Edmund J Davis was sent to represent the US. Ive wondered if it was a sort of bittersweet reunion
Sep 15, 2018
South Texas
I'm using some figures in this post that I have nothing but a memory as their source. Smith supposedly said in Febuary of 1865 that Richmond owed his Department over $50,000,000.00. He could have done a whole lot more had he been properly supplied.And it sounds like Richmond had plans for the Trans-Mississippi Department, $12,000,000.00 in notes and stamps were supposedly sent to Marshall, Texas near the end of the war in anticipation of Jefferson Davis reaching Texas. It had to be by ship. Was it ever sent? And what became of it if it was sent?
Feb 19, 2011
The naming is a weird thing. Edmund Kirby Smith, said to be called "Ted" by his family, began signing with E. Kirby Smith only when the civil war began to differentiate from the many other Smiths (guess it worked). While becoming E. Kirby-Smith over time (though Kirby was the middle name stemming from the maternal family) he was not the original E. Kirby Smith - that had been his older brother Ephraim (1807-1847) who was killed in Mexico. Ephraims son Joseph Lee Kirby Smith (1836-1862) hold a grudge against his uncle Edmund for "stealing the name and linking it with treason"; the younger Kirby Smith, a West Pointer like the others, serving as Colonel of the 43rd Ohio Infantry Regiment when he was mortally wounded at Corinth.