I have heard that defending to the last man and last round can be done by evacuating everyone except one poor private with one round and have him discharge that round and run for it.He had held out as long as feasible and had obviously lost and wasn't going to get any assistance. They were out of food, were likely running out of ammunition, and there'd been a major fire. Continued resistance would have been pointless and futile. He made his statement if you will.
http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-fort-sumterWasn't the magazine about to explode?
As night fell, Anderson stopped firing and the Confederates reduced their fire but resumed it the next morning. April 13, the barracks again caught fire and threatened the ammunition store, in spite of the rainy day. At about 1 p.m. the flagstaff was shot away and the flag was raised on the ramparts on a makeshift staff. On seeing the flag shot away, Louis Wigfall—aide to Beauregard, fire-eater, and former U.S. senator—rowed out to Fort Sumter on his own initiative, without the knowledge or approval of Beauregard, amid the continuing barrage to see if Anderson was attempting to surrender. Although initially told that Anderson was not surrendering, Wigfall was able to negotiate a surrender. At 1:30 p.m., the flag was replaced with a white sheet. On seeing the flag of surrender, Beauregard ceased firing and sent his envoys to the fort, where they learned of Wigfall’s unofficial mission. After further negotiation, the same terms were eventually agreed to: surrender would occur April 14 at noon.
I'd say almost all political. The sovereignty of 2 nations , the political fortunes of 2 presidents and the fate of ways of life at stake.IMO, the confrontation in Charleston harbor was as much political as military. Both sides had made their point and were about to suffer the consequences.
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