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SC Co H, 12th Reg't

Discussion in 'New Recruits Meet & Greet Area' started by Ladymacbeth1263, Jul 15, 2017.

  1. Ladymacbeth1263

    Ladymacbeth1263 Cadet

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    Hello!

    I have always been a huge fan of Civil War history. Perhaps it is because I had 5 GG Uncles who fought for South Carolina. Two of them died. SGT John Thomas Collins died with Co E, 5th SC at Lookout Point, TN (Wills Valley) on October 28, 1863. He was 32 when he died.

    His four brothers all were in Company H, 12 Regiment. William Mathias Collins died June 8, 1862 at Ashland Hospital. I am still trying to find the exact cause of death, whether it was from an injury from battle or disease. Sadly, he had only enlisted in March of 1862. He was 24 when he died.

    Two other brothers, Green Berry Collins (18 at enlistment) and James Wesley Collins (26 at enlistment) were both captured on April 2-4, 1865 and then taken to Point Lookout, MD prison camp. Thankfully, the war ended soon thereafter. They were both released on June 26, 1865 after swearing allegiance to the USA.

    Henry Jackson Collins (enlisted at 18) was wounded on July 28, 1864. He was listed as a POW, but I am unsure of the details.

    Note: My direct ancestor, Perry Roseboro (Rosborough) Collins had Scarlet fever as a child and was partially deaf, which left him unfit/unable to fight. Maybe I wouldn't be here had he served.

    I would love to share information and am seeking details on battles they may have been in. Would love to see any pictures relevant to my ancestors and their battles.

    Thanks!
     
    Last edited: Jul 15, 2017

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  3. JOHN42768

    JOHN42768 Sergeant Major Trivia Game Winner

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  4. east tennessee roots

    east tennessee roots 1st Lieutenant

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    Welcome. I found no additional personal info, other than they all enlisted 9/1/1861. Here's some info from the Official Records.

    Twelfth South Carolina Infantry


    2nd Manassas, VA after action report:

    No. 184.

    Report of Lieut. Col. Cadwalader Jones, Twelfth South Carolina
    Infantry, of operations August 29-September 20.

    OCTOBER 1, 1862.
    SIR: I have the honor to submit detailed reports of the part taken by the
    Twelfth Regt. South Carolina Volunteers in the battles of Manassas, August
    29 and 30; of Ox Hill, September 1; of Harper's Ferry, September 15;
    Sharpsburg, September 17, and Shepherdstown, September 20:

    This duty devolves on me in consequence of the death of Col. Dixon Barnes,
    late commander of this regiment. He fell mortally wounded at the battle of
    Sharpsburg in the third and last charge of his regiment, and just as the tide
    of battle had turned decisively in his favor. He was then, as always, in the
    midst of his command. Justice to our lamented colonel authorizes me to say
    a more gallant officer has not fallen during the war. Distinguished alike for
    dashing courage in battle, for a most amiable and gentlemanly bravery in
    social life, and for strict military discipline everywhere, we feel that his loss
    is irreparable to his regiment, which he so much honored by his gallantry,
    and which in turn has honored him by its distinguished bravery whenever
    brought in the face of the foe. He lingered of his wounds, being shot in both
    knees, until September 27, on which day he departed this life at
    Charlestown, Va.

    BATTLE OF MANASSAS.

    On arriving at the position occupied by Brig.-Gen. Gregg's
    brigade, two companies of the Twelfth Regt., to wit, Capt. Davis' and
    Clyburn's, were ordered on picket duty along the line of the railroad cut,
    where they remained some two hours. Here they engaged the skirmishers of
    the enemy, holding them in check, and lost in wounded 4 men.

    About 8 a. m. Col. Barnes, accompanied by Maj. McCorke and myself,
    advanced across the road with eight companies, under orders to drive back
    the enemy, who were then coming up. We crossed the road with and on the
    left of the First South Carolina Regt.. Very soon the enemy, in numbers
    considerably exceeding our own, were seen advancing through the woods on
    our left. It became necessary immediately to change front, which being done
    we exchanged several rounds with the enemy, when the Twelfth advanced
    and the enemy retreated. They soon reformed with the assistance of fresh
    troops, who endeavored to flank us on the left. Here one or two of our
    companies on the left were caused to change front and fire on the flanking
    column. A single well-directed volley pu them to flight. Wheeling these
    companies again into line, the Twelfth charged in the most gallant manner,
    firing as it advanced, and putting the enemy completely to rout, pursued
    them with heavy slaughter through the woods and until they crossed the field
    beyond and ran out of sight. Being now about half a mile from our starting
    point, we fell into the woods a short distance. Very soon a fresh column of
    the enemy, probably three regiments, were seen advancing. Just at this time
    the First Rifles, most opportunely, were also seen advancing through the
    woods to our support. Forming a line with and on the left of this regiment,
    together we gave them battle, and without much difficulty or loss again
    drove back the enemy. Soon thereafter, under orders from Brig.-Gen.
    Gregg, we returned to our first position.

    These engagements lasted nearly three hours, during which time the regiment
    was almost constantly under fire. We carried into action 320 men, less the
    two first-mentioned companies, numbering together not more than 50 men,
    leaving 270 men actually engaged. The loss was 23 killed, 121 wounded,
    and 2 missing, being a loss of more then a half.

    Having exhausted our ammunition, the regiment was ordered by Brig.-Gen.
    Gragg to rest. Here we were joined by Capt.'s [H. C.] Davis' and [T. F.]
    Clyburn's companies. This was about 12 o'clock. About 2 p. m. the enemy
    advanced to the road, when a hot fight ensued along the entire line of the
    brigade. In a short time the enemy were driven back, the Twelfth pursuing
    them beyond the road and to a considerable distance through the woods. In
    this engagement no loss was sustained by the Twelfth Regt.

    In these several engagements it is but justice to say the officers and men all
    acquitted themselves well.

    On this day (30th) the Twelfth Regt. was in line with the brigade, and was
    frequently during the day exposed to fire, principally from skirmishers, but
    was not in any engagement.

    The casualties of the day were only 4 wounded, among them Col. Barnes,
    receiving a slight injury from a spent ball.

    OX HILL.

    In this battle the position of the Twelfth Regt. was on the left of the brigade,
    and was not in the engagement further than while holding our position we
    were under fire for a short time, and sustained a loss of 11 wounded, among
    them W. C. Buchanan, adjutant of the regiment.

    He was supposed to be mortally wounded, and it is understood has since
    died. He was a gallant and efficient office, and both on the field and in camp
    was of great assistance to the regiment.

    In the battles of Manassas, Surgeon [J. F. Prioleau] and Assistant Surgeon
    [W. W.] Keith rendered very efficient service in their attention to the
    wounded. Surgeon Prioleau, being detailed for that duty, remained with the
    wounded at Manassas, and did not join the regiment until after the surrender
    of Harper's Ferry. He was present at the battle of Sharpsburg, where his
    services were again very efficient. He remained with the wounded of that
    battle, and has not been heard of since. Assistant Surgeon Keith continued
    with us, rendering efficient service, until the surrender of Harper's Ferry,
    when he retired on sick leave.

    CAPTURE OF HARPER'S FERBY.

    The Twelfth Regt. was present with the brigade at the surrender of this
    place, but was not engaged in the action, and sustained no loss.
    I was not present at the battles of Sharpsburg and Shepherdstown, being
    absent on sick leave. Reports of the part taken by this regiment in those
    battles have been prepared by Maj. McCorkle. I have the honor to forward
    them herewith, together with lists of killed and wounded in the several
    engagements, marked A, B, C, D, and E.

    All of which is respectfully submitted.

    I am, captain, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

    C. JONES,
    Lieut. Col., Comdg. Twelfth Regt. South Carolina Vols.

    Capt. LANGDON C. HASKELL,
    Assistant Adjutant-Gen.


    Source: Official Records
    CHAP. XXIV.] CAMPAIGN IN NORTHERN VIRGINIA. PAGE 692-16
    [Series I. Vol. 12. Part II, Reports. Serial No. 16.]

    *****************************************************************************

    Antietam after battle report:

    Report of Maj. W. H. McCorkle, Twelfth South Carolina
    Infantry, of the battle of Sharpsburg and action near Shepherdstown.

    OCTOBER 1, 1862
    SIR: I have the honor herewith to submit reports of the part taken by the
    Twelfth Regiment in the battles of Sharpsburg and Shepherdstown, on
    September 17 and 20, respectively:

    About 3 p.m. we arrived, with the Second Brigade, on the field of battle.
    Immediately, by order of Brig.-Gen. Gregg, skirmishers, under the
    command of Capt. John L. Miller, were thrown out. The position of the
    enemy being soon ascertained, they were called in, and a line of battle
    formed of three regiments, to wit, the Thirteenth, Twelfth, and First, the
    Twelfth being the center and the regiment of direction. In obedience to
    orders, we advanced to the top of the hill, in the cornfield, and there halted
    a few moments, when the firing commenced. The enemy now appearing in
    force on the opposite hill, and at the fence in the intervening ravine, the
    Twelfth, at once and alone, advanced down the hill and to the fence in
    front. In this charge we were subjected to a terrible cross-fire in front and
    from both flanks. After reaching the fence we were compelled to fall back
    to prevent being flanked on the right the enemy on the left having been
    driven back. The enemy, being soon re-enforced, advanced toward us as far
    as the fence.
    Now we gain charged on them and drove them back a short distance, but were not
    able to reach the fence, as in the first charge. There being a very heavy
    flank movement on the right, we again fell back near the top of the hill.
    Now the enemy advanced over the fence, when the Twelfth, again and for
    the third time, charged upon them and drove them beyond the fence, with
    great slaughter, putting them completely to rout as they ran through the
    plowed ground and up the opposite hill.

    In these charges the regiment suffered severely. In the last the loss was very
    heavy. Here fell Col. Dixon Barnes, at the head of his regiment, gallantly
    cheering his men on to victory, and here, also, fell Capt. F.A. Erwin and
    Lieut. Stover, mortally wounded, both in the midst of their commands.
    For particulars I refer to list of killed and wounded, marked D.*

    Col. Barnes having fallen, I immediately assumed command. I remained
    at the fence with the regiment until near sundown, when, there being no
    appearance of the enemy, I fell back to the top of the hill, when I was
    ordered to the rear of the fence occupied by Col. Edwards' regiment. Here
    we remained during the night and until ordered to march on the night of the
    18th.

    SHEPHERDSTOWN.

    On arriving on the battle-field on the morning of the 20th, the Twelfth
    Regiment was formed into line of battle with the brigade. We were not
    engaged in the fight, but were under a heavy shelling during the entire day,
    and particularly while marching to our position. Here, being well protected
    by a hill, this regiment suffered no loss but in 1 man slightly wounded.

    In both the engagement I have great pleasure in testifying to the good
    conduct of the officers and men of this regiment. They all fought with
    remarkable gallantry, always ready to advance, and never faltering in any
    instance, whether under shell or before musketry.

    I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

    W.H. McCORKLE,
    Maj., Comdg. Twelfth Regiment South Carolina Vols.

    Lieut. Col. C. JONES.

    Source: Official Records: Series I. Vol. 19. Part I, Reports. Serial No. 27
     
  5. 7th Mississippi Infantry

    7th Mississippi Infantry Lt. Colonel Forum Host

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  6. Legion Para

    Legion Para Brigadier General Moderator Forum Host

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    Welcome to the forum Ladymacbeth1263.

    welcome-header-1-1-jpg.139872.jpg
     
  7. Ladymacbeth1263

    Ladymacbeth1263 Cadet

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  8. Ladymacbeth1263

    Ladymacbeth1263 Cadet

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    Thanks so much!
     
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  9. ucvrelics.com

    ucvrelics.com Sergeant Major Forum Host

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    Welcome From THE Heart Of Dixie. Be sure to stop by the Weapons & Ammo and the Uniforms & Relics forum.
     
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  10. William G Hendry

    William G Hendry Sergeant Trivia Game Winner

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    Hello and welcome from Ont. Canada.
     
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  11. rebel brit

    rebel brit Corporal

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    Welcome aboard.
     
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  12. James N.

    James N. Captain Forum Host Civil War Photo Contest
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    Welcome to the forums from the host of the Stonewall Jackson Forum!
     
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  13. MRB1863

    MRB1863 Captain Forum Host

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    Hello and welcome from 35 miles north of Gettysburg! Agree, those who are fortunate enough to have a photo of their Civil War ancestor have a real treasure. I've been looking for many, many years.
     
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  14. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

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  15. Ladymacbeth1263

    Ladymacbeth1263 Cadet

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    That's awesome! Thanks so much.
     
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  16. Tom Elmore

    Tom Elmore First Sergeant

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    According to service records, James Wesley Collins joined on June 17, 1863, when the Gettysburg campaign was already underway. He may have hurried north to join his brother, Henry Jackson Collins, on the march to Gettysburg. William Mathias Collins had died the previous year, on June 8, 1862, at the Ashland (Virginia) hospital, just a few miles north of Richmond - burials were typically at Woodland Cemetery. Green Berry Collins was likely the youngest brother, as he did not enlist until September 8, 1864.

    Company H entered the fight at Gettysburg on July 1 with 4 officers and about 40 enlisted men, under the command of Captain Robert M. Kerr, who was wounded during the battle. The came out with 1 officer (Jones) and 7 men unhurt on July 4 (neither James nor Henry appear on the casualty list, although slight wounds were not reported). The other three officers (Lieutenants) were Alonzo W. Poag (killed), Cadwallader Jones, Sr., and Alexander M. Black (severely wounded in the left shoulder on July 1). The company, along with the regiment, made a desperate charge at 4 p.m. on July 1 against the last stand of the Federals on Seminary Ridge. (This was mainly the Union First Corps, but I believe the 12th South Carolina was opposite Col. William Gamble's cavalrymen, posted between the Seminary and the Fairfield Road). On July 2, the company supported a battery and endured a tremendous artillery shelling. The company was placed on the advanced picket line on July 3 - a dangerous duty. Cadwallader Jones was promoted to Captain following the battle, succeeding Kerr as company commander. You can read about Jones' experiences in Confederate Veteran, volume 34 (June 1926), p. 208.
     
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  17. Ladymacbeth1263

    Ladymacbeth1263 Cadet

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    **********************

    Thanks so much for the reply. I have all the brother's enlistment data and their dates of birth in my tree on Ancestry.com. It is strange that JWC enlisted in VA, as they were all from York Co, SC. I agree that he was intending on finding his other brothers. Good tip on the burial from Ashland Hospital. I knew he was there, but haven't figured out where he is buried. His body may have made it back to SC. I need to check.
     
  18. Gandycreek

    Gandycreek 2nd Lieutenant

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  19. Stony

    Stony 1st Lieutenant Trivia Game Winner

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    Welcome.
     
  20. Ladymacbeth1263

    Ladymacbeth1263 Cadet

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    Who is that?
     
  21. Podad

    Podad First Sergeant

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    Welcome from Georgia
     
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