Table Principal Characteristics of Siege, Garrison, Seacoast, & Naval Artillery

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A Captured Siege Gun at Richmond, Virginia

Siege, Garrison, & Naval Artillery
Siege & Naval
Artillery Pieces
Bore
diameter
(inches)
MaterialLength
of tube
(inches)
Weight
of tube
(pounds)
Weight of
projectile
(pounds)
Weight of
charge
(pounds)
Range at 5°
elevation
(yards)
4 1/2-inch Rifle
4.50​
Iron​
133.0​
3,450​
33.0​
3.50​
2,078​
30-pdr Parrott Rifle
4.50​
Iron​
136.00​
4,200​
1​ 29.0​
3.75​
2,200​
24-pdr Gun
5.82​
Iron​
124.00​
6,240​
24.4​
6.00​
1,901​
18-pdr Gun
5.30​
Iron​
123.25​
4,680​
18.5​
4.50​
1,592​
12-pdr Gun
4.62​
Iron​
116.00​
3,120​
12.3​
4.00​
1,834​
8-inch Howitzer
8.00​
Iron​
61.50​
2,614​
1​ 50.5​
4.00​
1,241​
8-inch Mortar
8.00​
Iron​
22.50​
930​
1​ 44.5​
3.75​
1​ 1,200​
10-inch Mortar
10.00​
Iron​
28.00​
1,852​
1​ 87.5​
4.00​
2​ 2,100​
24-pdr Coehorn Mortar
5.82​
Bronze​
16.32​
164​
1​ 17.0​
0.50​
2,4​ 1,200​

Seacoast & Naval Artillery
Seacoast & Naval
Artillery Pieces
Bore
diameter
(inches)
MaterialLength
of tube
(inches)
Weight
of tube
(pounds)
Weight of
projectile
(pounds)
Weight of
charge
(pounds)
Range at 5°
elevation
(yards)
32-pdr Gun
6.40​
Iron​
125.20​
7,200​
32.6​
8.00​
1,922​
42-pdr Gun
7.00​
Iron​
129.00​
8,465​
42.7​
10.50​
1,955​
8-inch Columbiad
8.00​
Iron​
124.00​
9,210​
65.0​
10.00​
5​ 1,813​
10-inch Columbiad
10.00​
Iron​
126.00​
15,400​
128.0​
18.00​
6​ 1,814​
15-inch Columbiad
15.00​
Iron​
182.00​
50,000​
1​ 302.0​
40.00​
7​ 1,518​
100-pdr Parrott
6.40​
Iron​
151.00​
9,700​
100.0​
10.00​
8​ 2,247​
150/200-pdr Parrott
8.00​
Iron​
159.00​
16,300​
175.0​
16.00​
2,000​
300-pdr Parrott
10.00​
Iron​
173.00​
26,500​
250.0​
25.00​
---​
10-inch Mortar
10.00​
Iron​
46.00​
5,775​
1​ 87.5​
10.00​
2​ 4,250​
13-inch Mortar
13.00​
Iron​
53.00​
17,120​
1​ 220.0​
20.00​
2​ 4,325​
80-pdr Whitworth Rifle
5.00​
Iron​
120.00​
8,960​
70.0​
12.00​
7,722​
70-pdr Armstrong
Breechloading Rifle
6.40​
Iron &
Steel​
110.00​
6,903​
71.7​
10.00​
9​ 2,266​
8-inch Blakely Rifle
8.00​
Steel​
3​ 156.00​
17,000​
200.0​
50.00​
---​
150-pdr Armstrong Rifle
8.50​
Steel​
129.75​
14,896​
150.0​
20.00​
---​
12 3/4-inch Blakely Rifle
12.75​
Steel​
192.00​
54,000​
1​ 700.0​
---​
---​
1. Weight of Shell.
2. Mortar ranges are given at an elevation of 45°.
3. Bore Length Only.
4. Designed to be moved and operated by two men.
5. Obtained ranges of over 4,812 yards with shell and 27° elevation.
6. Obtained ranges of over 5,600 yards with shell and 39° elevation.
7. Obtained ranges of 4,680 yards with a 315-lb. shell and 50 lbs. powder at 25°.
8. Extreme Range 8,428 yards.
9. Muzzle-loading Armstrongs had practically identical dimensions and ranges.
 
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