★  Phelps, John Wolcott

John Wolcott Phelps

:us34stars:
Phelps.jpg


Born: November 13, 1813

Birthplace: Guliford, Vermont

Father: Judge John Phelps 1777 – 1849

Mother: Lucy Lovell 1782 – 1830

Wife: Anna Bardwell Mattoon 1851 – 1938
(Buried: Christ Church Cemetery, Guliford, Vermont)​

Children:

John Phelps 1884 – 1957​
(Buried: Christ Church Cemetery, Guliford, Vermont)​

Education:

1836: Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (24th​ in class)​

Occupation before War:

1836: Brevet 2nd​ Lt. United States Army, 4th​ Artillery​
1836 – 1838: 2nd​ Lt. United States Army, 4th​ Artillery​
1836: Served in the Operations in the Creek Nation​
1836 – 1838: Served in the Seminole War in Florida​
1838: Transferring Cherokee Natives to the West​
1838: Garrison Duty at Fort Columbus, New York​
1838 – 1839: Served in the Seminole War in Florida​
1838 – 1850: 1st​ Lt. United States Army, 4th​ Artillery​
1839: Garrison Duty at Fort Columbus, New York​
1839 – 1840: Served in Detroit, Michigan during Canadian Disturbance​
1840: Garrison Duty at Fort Mackinac, Michigan​
1840: Recruiter for United States Army​
1840 – 1841: Garrison Duty at Fort Mackinac Michigan​
1841: Garrison Duty at Fort Brady Michigan​
1842: Garrison Duty at Buffalo, New York​
1842 – 1843: Garrison Duty at Fort Monroe, Virginia​
1843 – 1844: Garrison Duty at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania​
1844 – 1845: Garrison Duty at Fort Monroe, Virginia​
1845 – 1846: Recruiter for United States Army​
1846: Served in the Battle of Monterrey, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Siege of Vera Cruz, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Battle of Cerro Gordo, Mexico​
1847: Declined Brevet as Captain for duty at Battle of Contreras​
1847: Served in the Battle of Molino del Rey, Mexico​
1847: Served in the Capture of Mexico City, Mexico​
1848: Garrison Duty at Fort Monroe Virginia​
1848 – 1849: Garrison Duty at Fort McRee, Florida​
1849 – 1850: Member of Board for Mountain Artillery Instruction​
1850 – 1859: Captain, United States Army, 4th​ Artillery​
1851 – 1855: Frontier Duty at Fort Brown, Texas​
Broke up the filibustering Expedition march
Phelps 1.jpg
1855 – 1856: Served in the March to San Antonio, Texas​
1857: Frontier Duty at Fort Leavenworth Kansas​
1857 – 1859: Served in the Utah Expedition​
1859: Resigned from United States Army on November 2nd​
1859 – 1861: Resident of Brattleboro, Vermont​
1859: Campaigned against slavery and the Masonic Order​

Civil War Career:

1861: Colonel of 1st​ Vermont Volunteers Infantry Regiment​
1861: Took Possession of Newport News, Virginia​
1861: Served in the Defense of Hampton Roads, Virginia​
1861 – 1862: Brigadier General of Union Army Volunteers​
1861: Served in the Expedition to the Gulf of Mexico​
1861: Took Possession of Ship Island, Mississippi​
1862: Helped take Possession of Forts Jackson, and St. Phillip, Louisiana​
1862: Helped with capturing New Orleans, Louisiana​
1862: In Garrison at Camp Parapet, Louisiana​
1862: Organizer of First Negro Troops​
1862: Resigned from Union Army on August 21st​

Occupation after War:

1863 – 1885: Vice President of Vermont State Historical Society​
1864: Translator of De La Hodde’s “Secret Societies of France”​
1865 – 1885: Vice President of Vermont State Teachers Association​
1880: Unsuccessful Anti – Mason Party Presidential Candidate​
Author of Articles on Danger of Freemasonry​
Author of Articles on African Colonization​

Died: February 2, 1885

Place of Death: Guliford, Vermont

Cause of Death: Found dead in his bed

Age at time of Death: 71 years old

Burial Place: Christ Church Cemetery, Guliford, Vermont
 
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