CS Con ★★★ Orr, James Lawrence Sr. - C.S. Senator, SC

James Lawrence Orr Sr.

:CSA1stNat:
Governor Orr.jpg


Born: May 12, 1822

Birthplace: Craytonville, Anderson County, South Carolina

Father: Christopher Orr 1794 – 1864
(Buried: Zion Presbyterian Cemetery, Furrs, Mississippi)​

Mother: Martha McCann 1798 – 1862
(Buried: Zion Presbyterian Cemetery, Furrs, Mississippi)​

Brother: CS Congressman Jehu Amaziah Orr 1828 – 1921
(Buried: Friendship Cemetery, Columbus, Mississippi)​

Wife: Mary Jane Marshall 1826 – 1898
(Buried: First Presbyterian Church, Anderson, South Carolina)​

Children:

Eliza Foster Orr 1844 – 1851​
(Buried: First Presbyterian Church Anderson South Carolina)​
Martha Orr Patterson 1846 – 1905​
(Buried: Christ Episcopal Church Greenville South Carolina)​
James Lawrence Orr Jr. 1852 – 1905​
(Buried: Christ Episcopal Church Greenville South Carolina)​
Dr. Samuel Marshall Orr 1855 – 1909​
(Buried: Silver Brook Cemetery Anderson South Carolina)​
Mary Marshall Orr Earle 1858 – 1912​
(Buried: Christ Episcopal Church Greenville South Carolina)​
Amelia Orr 1860 – 1872​
(Buried: First Presbyterian Church Anderson South Carolina)​
Christopher Hugh Orr 1862 – 1893​
(Buried: First Presbyterian Church Anderson South Carolina)
Death 1.jpg

Death.jpg

Political Party: Democratic Party and Republican Party

Education:


1842: Graduated from University of Virginia​

Occupation before War:

Clerk at his father’s store in Anderson, South Carolina​
Editor of Anderson Gazette Newspaper for two years​
Attorney in Anderson, South Carolina​
1844 – 1847: South Carolina State Representative​
1849 – 1859: United States Congressman from South Carolina​
1849 – 1851: Member of House State Department Expenditures Committee​
1849 – 1851: Member of House Manufactures Committee​
1851 – 1853: Member of House Public Lands Committee​
1853 – 1855: Chairman of House Indian Affairs Committee​
1855 – 1857: Member of House Indian Affairs Committee​
1857 – 1859: Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives​

Civil War Career:

1860: Signer of the South Carolina State Ordnance of Secession​
1861: South Carolina Commissioners to Washington, D.C.​
1861 – 1862: Colonel of 1st​ South Carolina “Orr’s Rifles” Rifles​
1862: Resigned as Colonel on February 1st​ after election to Senate​
1862: South Carolina Delegate to Confederate Provisional Congress.​
1862: Attended the last day of the Confederate Provisional Congress.​
1862 – 1865: Confederate States Senator from South Carolina​
1862 – 1865: Supporter of broad powers for Central Government​
1862 – 1864: Member of Senate Pay and Mileage Committee​
1862 – 1863: Member of Joint Flag and Seal Committee​
1863 – 1865: Opposed Conscription and suspension of habeas corpus​
Proposed that the army must pay market prices for merchandise.​
1863 – 1864: Member of Senate Commerce Committee​
1864 – 1865: Chairman of Senate Foreign Relations Committee​
1864 – 1865: Member of Senate Printing Committee​
1864 – 1865: Temporary Member of Senate Finance Committee​
1865: Leader of the Peace movement in Confederate States Senate​

Occupation after War:

1865: Delegate to South Carolina State Constitutional Convention​
1865: Inaugurated as Governor on November 29th​.​
1865 – 1868: Governor of South Carolina​
Supporter of President Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction Policies
Death 2.jpg
Supporter of the Radical Republicans and Radical Reconstruction​
As Governor he oversaw establishment of State penitentiary​
As Governor oversaw provision of artificial limbs for Amputees​
Oversaw the reopening of South Carolina College and other schools​
Oversaw the rebuilding of South Carolina’s infrastructure​
Oversaw passage of the Black Codes in South Carolina​
Advocated for limited black suffrage and conciliation.​
Opposed Ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment.​
1868: Removed from office by military order on June 30th​.​
1868 – 1872: Judge of 8th​ Judicial Circuit Court of South Carolina​
1872: South Carolina Delegate Republican Party National Convention​
1872 – 1873: United States Minister to Russia​

Died:
May 5, 1873

Place of Death: St. Petersburg, Russia

Cause of Death: Pneumonia

Age at time of Death: 50 years old

Burial Place: First Presbyterian Church, Anderson, South Carolina
 
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