Organization of the Sixteenth Tennessee at the Battle of Franklin

Joined
May 18, 2005
Location
Spring Hill, Tennessee
SIXTEENTH TENNESSEE VOLUNTEER INFANTRY REGIMENT

Men Present on Regimental and Company Rosters at the Battle of Franklin.


On September 24, 1864 the Army of Tennessee was reorganized. This included the field consolidation of many regiments in the army. The Sixteenth Tennessee was at this time consolidated with the Eighth Tennessee and the Twenty-Eighth Tennessee regiments. The consolidation of these regiments merely meant that they would fight as one unit on the field of battle, yet they retained their own official identities. They continued to carry their own battle-flags into the fight and kept their own separate muster records and commands while in camp or on the march. However, these three regiments now fought as one—under one commander until the war’s end.

While the Sixteenth comprised three of the ten companies of the “consolidated” regiment, the Eighth and Twenty-Eighth regiments also consolidated their reduced companies to make up the remaining seven companies. In the Sixteenth Tennessee, companies A, D and E were combined and placed under command of Captain Frank M. York. Companies B, C and H were placed under command of Captain John L. Thompson, and Companies F, G, I and K were placed under the command of Captain Adrian Fisk.

Naturally, this organization called for a limited officer corps which left a large number of officers out of the reorganization. These officers were placed on a list of supernumeraries. Later, on September 29th​, Special Field Order No. 120 required all supernumerary officers to be placed in a detail under command of Colonel Colms (of the 50th​ Tennessee) to report immediately to the Post at Macon, Georgia for further assignment.

The Field and Staff of the “consolidated” regiment was made up of members of all three regiments. It would include one colonel, one lieutenant-colonel and one major as well as the standard staff that made up the guts of any regiment. The following is the Field and Staff of the consolidated regiment.

Field and Staff of the 8th​/16th​/28th​ Consolidated:
  • Col. John H. Anderson – Eighth Tennessee
  • Lt. Col. Christopher C. McKinney – Eighth Tennessee
  • Major Benjamin Randals – Sixteenth Tennessee – Co. I
  • Adjutant Abner F. Claywell – Sixteenth Tennessee – Co. C – wounded November 30
  • Sgt. Maj. Thomas B. Potter – Sixteenth Tennessee – Co. A
  • Ordnance Sgt. Thomas R. Hooper – Sixteenth Tennessee – Co. A – killed November 30
  • Commissary Sgt. Frank A. Thompson – Sixteenth Tennessee – Co. I
  • Quartermaster
  • ***. Quartermaster Capt. James B. Ritchey – Sixteenth Tennessee – Co. B
  • Surgeon
  • ***. Surgeon Charles K. Mauzy
  • Regimental Hospital Steward
  • Chief Musician, Bugler Horace McGuire (21) – Co. A – severely wounded November 30 and captured December 17 at Franklin
  • Musician James C. J. Kirby – Co. E
  • Musician George R. Martin – Co. E
Color Guard
  • Color Bearer – killed or wounded
  • Killed or wounded
  • 2nd​ Sgt. Samuel Lusk – killed – Co. D

  • Statistics of the ten consolidated companies (combined) of the Sixteenth Tennessee:

  • 226 men were on the combined regimental roster
  • 59 men were on detached duty or recovering from wounds in hospitals
  • 166 men were present
  • 60 men were detailed on additional duty or sick
  • 107 men were considered effective for battle
  • 38 casualties were recorded (15 Killed, 2 Mortally wounded, 17 Wounded and 1 Captured)
  • This amounted to 36% casualties for the all companies of the regiment combined

  • Of the 166 men present—only 79 men returned to northern Mississippi with the army equating to a loss of 53% on the campaign due to death, capture or desertion.

  • Companies A/D/E Commanded by Captain Francis M. York:

  • 80 men were on the combined company rosters
  • 20 men were on detached duty or recovering from wounds in hospitals
  • 60 men were present
  • 21 men were detailed on additional duty or sick
  • 39 men were considered effective for battle
  • 20 casualties were recorded (8 Killed in action, 1 Mortally wounded, 10 Wounded and 1 Captured)
  • This amounted to 51% casualties for Captain York’s consolidated Company

  • Of the sixty men present—only 25 men returned to northern Mississippi with the army equating to a loss of 60% on the campaign due to death, capture or desertion.

  • Company A – 40 on roster - 31 present - 20 effectives - 11 sick/detailed - 9 detached/in hospital (13 casualties: 5 KIA, 1 MW, 6 W, 1 C) (65% known casualties)
  • Pvt. M. E. Adcock (24) – captured December 18
  • 2nd​ Cp. Elisha Atnip (27)
  • 3rd​ Sgt. Lewis G. Bing (28) – AWOL on retreat
  • Pvt. Howard J. Cantrell (22) – killed in action November 30
  • Pvt. John Cantrell
  • 1st​ Sgt. W. C. Cantrell (30)
  • Pvt. William H. Cantrell (22) – mortally wounded November 30
  • Pvt. Martin Delong (28) – Absent in hospital at Meridian, Mississippi
  • Pvt. Isaiah Driver (34) – Absent in hospital
  • Ord. Sgt. Thomas R. Hooper (27) – on regimental staff – killed in action November 30
  • Pvt. James W. Johnson (23) – severely wounded November 30 – captured December 17 at Franklin
  • Pvt. Richard Jones (20)
  • Pvt. William L. Judkins (28) – Absent wounded in hospital
  • 2nd​ Sgt. Andrew J. Kersy (22) – killed in action on November 30
  • Pvt. Jasper Martin – Deserted December 13
  • Pvt. John Martin (29) – Teamster – captured December 22
  • 3rd​ Cpl. Robert M. Martin (30) – killed in action November 30
  • Pvt. William P. Martin (19) – Deserted December 13
  • Pvt. R. W. McGinness (22)
  • Bugler Horace McGuire (21) – Chief Musician on Regimental staff – severely wounded November 30 and captured December 17 at Franklin
  • 1st​ Cpl. John A. Moore (21) – captured November 30
  • 5th​ Sgt. Joshua D. Phillips (26) – designated marksman
  • Sgt. Maj. Thomas B. Potter (27) – on regimental staff as Sergeant Major – captured December 16
  • 1st​ Lieut. W. C. Potter (24)
  • Captain Gideon L. Talley (24) – supernumerary – detached to Post duty Macon
  • Pvt. James R. Thompson (22) – Absent wounded in hospital
  • Pvt. Fielding Turner (23) – Detached to Quartermaster department at Macon, Georgia
  • 3rd​ Lieut. L. R. Witt (28) – Absent at convalescent camp in Tallahassee
Conscripts – since July 1862
  • Pvt. Larkin H. Bain (39) – captured December 17
  • Pvt. James A. Briggs (31) – captured December 16
  • Pvt. Perry G. Cantrell (20) – wounded November 30
  • Pvt. Watson Cantrell (27) – wounded November 30 – captured December 25 at Pulaski
  • Pvt. June Driver (30) – killed in action November 30
  • Pvt. William L. Driver (30) – Detached as shoemaker
  • Pvt. Tennessee Monroe Hooper (19) – wounded on November 30
  • Pvt. John Moore (39)
  • Pvt. William Green Stephens (37) – Detached duty – captured January 1 east of Florence
Conscripts – since January 1863:

1. Pvt. James Koger (18)

Transfers to Company:
  • Pvt. John Atnip (21) – wounded November 30 – captured December 16
  • Pvt. J. J. Martin (31)

  • Company D – 20 on roster - 15 present - 10 effectives - 5 sick/detailed - 5 detached/in hospital (4 casualties: 1 KIA, 0 MW, 3 W, 0 C) (40% known casualties)
  • Pvt. J. M Blanks (25)
  • Pvt. J. S. B. Blanks (21) – Detached duty with railroad
  • Pvt. D. W. Byars (24) – teamster for regimental baggage wagon
  • Pvt. J. P. Douglass (21)
  • 2nd​ Lieut. James P. A. Hennessee (28) – Supernumerary – absent wounded at hospital
  • Pvt. John D. Lusk (22)
  • 1st​ Sgt. Thomas J. Martin (25) – captured December 15
  • Pvt. John A. McWhirter (21) – captured December 22
  • Pvt. Byars Green Webb (24) – Absent wounded in hospital at Tupelo
  • 1st​ Lieut. William H. White (27) – slightly wounded November 30
  • Capt. Francis M. York (26) – Commanding – wounded November 30
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. Henry W. Blanks (18)
  • Pvt. Enoch A. Byars (25) – Detached with engineers
  • Pvt. John Duncan (19) – deserted December 13
  • Pvt. James A. Gribble (32) – deserted December 13
  • 2nd​ Sgt. Samuel C. Lusk (19) – killed in action November 30
  • Pvt. Ransom G. Martin (22)
Conscripted after January 1863:
  • Pvt. Hamilton M. Hennessee (19) – wounded November 30 – captured December 13
  • Pvt. James Cunningham – not present
Transfers to Company:

3rd​ Cpl. John William White
(20) – captured December 16

Company E – 20 on roster - 14 present - 9 effectives - 5 sick/detailed - 6 detached/in hospital (3 casualties: 2 KIA, 0 MW, 1 W, 0 C) (33% known casualties)

1. 2nd​ Lieut. Bailey Peyton Green
(26) – Absent wounded in hospital
  • 3rd​ Lieut. James Pickney Green (23) – killed in action November 30
  • Pvt. George R. Martin (23) – regimental musician
  • Pvt. Isaiah Moffiet (22)
  • Pvt. William T. Moores (24) – AWOL
  • Pvt. John Purser (23)
  • Pvt. Luke Purser (24) – probably sick in hospital
  • Pvt. William C. Quick (24)
  • Pvt. E. W. Smartt (21)
  • 1st​ Cpl. A. J. Vanhooser (22)
  • Pvt. L. L. Vanhooser (21)
  • Capt. James K. P. Webb (24)Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • 5th​ Sgt. Robert A. Webb (23)
  • 1st​ Sgt. John B. Womack (24) – killed in action November 30
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. James L. Cope (37) – Absent sick in hospital
  • Pvt. Jeptha Marion Fuston (21) – severely wounded November 30 – captured December 24 in Franklin
  • Pvt. Andrew J. Hawkins (19) – captured December 25
  • Pvt. James C. J. Kirby – regimental musician
  • Pvt. William R. Nunnelley (20) – Absent recovering from wounds
Transfers to Company:

Pvt. John S. Womack (33) – deserted December 6

  • Companies B/C/H Commanded by Captain James L. Thompson:
  • 73 men were on the company rosters
  • 17 men were on detached duty or recovering from wounds in hospitals
  • 55 men were present
  • 21 men were detailed on additional duty or sick
  • 35 men were considered effective for battle
  • 9 casualties were recorded (4 Killed in action, 1 Mortally wounded, 4 Wounded and 0 Captured)
  • This amounted to 26% casualties for Captain Thompson’s consolidated Company

  • Of the men 55 present—only 27 men returned to northern Mississippi with the army equating to a loss of 50% on the campaign due to death, capture or desertion.
Company B – 16 on roster - 9 present - 6 effectives - 4 sick/detailed - 6 detached/in hospital (1 casualties: 0 KIA, 0 MW, 1 W, 0 C) (17% known casualties)
  • Pvt. Robert C. Carden (20)
  • 1st​ Lieut. John K. Ensey (27)Supernumerarydetached to post duty at Macon
  • Pvt. William L. Ensey (33) – deserted December 2
  • 2nd​ Lieut. William H. Fisher (26)detached to post duty at Greensboro
  • 3rd​ Lieut. James McGuire (27)
  • Pvt. Gabriel J. Newman (32) – captured December 20
  • Capt. James B. Ritchey (32)acting Quartermaster
  • 1st​ Sgt. Oliver P. Tucker (23) – captured December 16
  • Capt. Elijah W. Walker (27)Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. L. H. Stephens (53)
  • Pvt. John D. Wiser (33) – detached to Macon
  • 4th​ Corp. T. J. Wiser (28) – unfit due to wounds
Conscripted after January 1863:
  • 1st​ Corp. W. T. S. Ford (25) – cut off from command December 18
  • Pvt. Robert W. Tucker (35) – wounded November 30 – went home December 18
Transfers to Company:
  • Pvt. J. D. Killian (26)
  • Pvt. Telemachus H. Tucker (24) – In hospital at Columbia – went home December 18
Company C – 34 on roster - 26 present - 16 effectives - 9 sick/detailed - 8 detached/in hospital (5 casualties: 3 KIA, 1 MW, 1 W, 0 C) (31% known casualties)
  • 3rd​ Sgt. Charles Allred (26)
  • 2nd​ Sgt. James C. Biles (19) – unfit due to wounds – captured December 16
  • 5th​ Sgt. Thomas Barnell Biles (23)
  • Pvt. Thomas Black (25) – detailed as regimental hospital steward – AWOL on retreat
  • 1st​ Lieut. Adjutant Abner F. Claywell (29) – wounded November 30 – went home
  • Colonel David McMurray Donnell (35)unfit for dutyconvalescent camp Tallahassee
  • Pvt. William S. Hill (22) – Acting Aide de Camp for Brig. Gen. John C. Carter
  • 4th​ Sgt. Drury W. King (23) – captured December 20
  • Pvt. A. B. Marbury (28) – absent sick at Macon
  • 1st​ Corp. Isaac N. Mercer (21)detailed to Commissary department
  • 1st​ Lieut. Charles R. Morford (23) – captured December 15
  • Pvt. Joel Perry (32) – captured December 20
  • Pvt. William Ray (23)
  • 1st​ Sgt. William S. Ross (21) – captured December 24
  • Pvt. Eldridge S. Rowan (22) – detached to A.A.G. as clerk at brigade headquarters
  • 3rd​ Lieut. John Rutledge (27) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • Pvt. W. D. Smartt (31) – detailed as Brigade Wagon Master
  • Pvt. Alexander Smith Sr. (31)
  • Captain James L. Thompson (30) – Commanding consolidated companies
  • Pvt. John Walker (36) – teamster – captured January 1, 1865
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. William J. Bonner (25)
  • Pvt. George Donnell (18) – killed November 30
  • Pvt. Hiram J. King (30) – regimental musician
  • Pvt. John W. Meadows (19) – mortally wounded November 30
  • Pvt. Thomas Millraney (22)
  • Pvt. Aaron Peppers (36) – killed November 30
  • Pvt. George E. Purvis (28) – detached to Ordnance department
  • Pvt. A. J. Rayburn (26) – detached as teamster to Subsistence department
  • 2nd​ Corp. J. C. Smartt (18)
  • Pvt. James Polk Smartt (28)
  • Pvt. William T. Thompson (19) – killed November 30
Transfers to Company:
  • Pvt. William Taylor
  • Pvt. J. D. W. Hill (30) – captured December 17
  • Pvt. Alson Perry (22) – captured December 20
Company H – 23 on roster - 20 present - 12 effectives - 8 sick/detailed - 3 detached/in hospital (3 casualties: 1 KIA, 0 MW, 2 W, 0 C) (25% known casualties)
  • Pvt. John Bess (22) – went home on retreat
  • 4th​ Sgt. Robert B. Bess (23)
  • 2nd​ Lieut. Jackson V. B. Brown (23)In hospital recovering from wound
  • 2nd​ Corp. Russell Lassiter Brown (20) – went home on retreat December 18
  • 2nd​ Sgt. George H. Etter (32)
  • Quarter Master Sgt. Roysdon R. Etter (27) – granted leave December 18
  • Capt. William G. Etter (21) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • 1st​ Lieut. Henry L. Hayes (25)
  • Pvt. Thomas H. Lynn (27) – detailed as Ordnance train driver
  • Pvt. William G. Rees (26)
  • 1st​ Sgt. Charles M. Rutledge (22) – went home on retreat December 18
  • 2nd​ Sgt. Robert M. Safely (23)
  • Pvt. William Safely (23) – went home on retreat December 18
  • Pvt. Allen Smith (24) – went home on retreat December 18
  • Pvt. A. D. Ware (27) – wounded November 30 – granted leave December 21
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. Wiley Bess (18) – wounded December 16 – went home on retreat
  • Pvt. C. H. Butler (18) – recovering from wound at Macon
  • Pvt. Martin P. Hayes (24) – granted leave December 21 – captured December 23
  • Pvt. James Jones (19)
  • Pvt. David Miller (34) – wounded November 30 – captured December 20
  • Pvt. Jesse Savage (29) – captured December 28
Conscripted after January 1863:

5th​ Sgt. James Etter (18) – granted leave December 21 – captured December 21

Transfers to Company:

3rd​ Sgt. John R. Brown
(27) – killed November 30

Companies F/G/I/K Commanded by Captain Adrian Fisk:
  • 73 men were on the company rosters
  • 22 men were on detached duty or recovering from wounds in hospitals
  • 51 men were present
  • 18 men were detailed on additional duty or sick
  • 33 men were considered effective for battle
  • 9 casualties were recorded (6 Killed in action, 1 Mortally wounded, 3 Wounded and 0 Captured)
  • This amounted to 27% casualties for Captain Thompson’s consolidated Company

  • Of the men 51 present—only 27 men returned to northern Mississippi with the army equating to a loss of 53% on the campaign due to death, capture or desertion.
Company F – 12 on roster - 7 present - 5 effectives - 2 sick/detailed - 5 detached/in hospital (2 casualties: 2 KIA, 0 MW, 1 W, 0 C) (43% known casualties)
  • Captain Francis M. Amonett (24) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • Pvt. Carroll N. Ballard (22) – sick in hospital at Columbus
  • Pvt. James M. Null (45) – deserted December 12
  • 2nd​ Corp. W. H. H. Ortray (22) – absent wounded in hospital
  • 2nd​ Sgt. Isaac M. West (24) – musician – detached with engineer troops
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • 1st​ Corp. Joseph B. Evans (21) – captured December 18
  • Pvt. John W. Sutton (30) – wounded November 30
  • Pvt. William Webb (23) – killed November 30
  • Pvt. John Whitehead (23)
Conscripted after January 1863:
  • Pvt. William Mathis (16)
  • Pvt. Milton M. Owen (23) – unfit due to wounds
Transfers to Company:

Pvt. James C. Wilson (18) – probably killed November 30

Company G – 21 on roster - 14 present - 9 effectives - 5 sick/detailed - 7 detached/in hospital (2 casualties: 2 KIA, 0 MW, 0 W, 0 C) (22% known casualties)

  • Pvt. Benjamin Atnip (23)
  • 5th​ Sgt. Peter Bain (21) – captured December 21
  • 2nd​ Sgt. John H. Denton (24) – captured December 16
  • 1st​ Sgt. Tilghman A. C. Denton (28) – captured December 16
  • 1st​ Lieut. James R. Fisher (22) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • Captain Adrian Fisk (31) – Commanding consolidated company
  • Pvt. C. M. Jordan (22) – killed November 30
  • 1st​ Corp. John Meggerson (27) – unfit due to wounds – in hospital
  • 3rd​ Lieut. Lewis M. Pettit (22) – killed November 30
  • 4th​ Corporal Joseph M. Pollard (24)
  • 2nd​ Lieut. Lawson W. Smith (26) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • Pvt. John Stricklin (26) – absent sick in hospital
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. H. P. Adcock (20)
  • Pvt. Alfred Bain (19) – captured December 21
  • Pvt. John P. Fisher (26) – captured December 16
  • Pvt. Green B. Rankhorn (30)
  • 4th​ Sgt. James Stanley (26)
  • Pvt. E. N. Taylor
  • Pvt. Nathan T. Troglin (20) – detached to Provost Jamestown, N.C.
  • Pvt. William R. Wilson (18) – captured December 22
  • Pvt. Andrew J. Youngblood (35) – unfit due to wound – in hospital at Augusta
Company I – 23 on roster - 20 present - 13 effectives - 7 sick/detailed - 3 detached/in hospital (2 casualties: 1 KIA, 0 MW, 1 W, 0 C) (15% known casualties)
  • Pvt. Carroll H. Clark (22) – absent wounded
  • 3rd​ Lieut. Denny Cummings (22) – transferred to invalid corps
  • 1st​ Corp. John L. Cummings (23) – captured December 20
  • Pvt. J. K. P. Douglass (19)
  • 1st​ Sgt. Napoleon B. Hambrick (28) – killed November 30
  • Pvt. William H. Head (23)
  • Pvt. Isaiah T. Hillis (25)
  • Pvt. S. I. Martin (27)
  • 2nd​ Lieut. Spencer D. Mitchell (24) – captured December 21
  • 4th​ Sgt. William R. Paine (26) – captured December 16
  • Pvt. James M. Passons (23)
  • Pvt. James M. Patton (25)
  • Major Benjamin Randals (23) – captured December 16
  • Commissary Sgt. Frank A. Thompson (26)
  • Captain James Worthington (29) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • 2nd​ Sgt. Samuel Worthington (24) – went home on retreat
Conscripted after August 1862:
  • Pvt. Joseph Cummings – absent – unfit due to wounds
  • Pvt. Samuel Haston (18)
  • Pvt. A. T. Johnson (25)
  • Pvt. George W. McBride (17)
  • Pvt. Mathew McBride (19) – wounded November 30
  • 2nd​ Corp. William W. Rawlings (30) – captured December 20
  • Pvt. William T. Worthington (19) – went home December 18
Company K – 17 on roster - 10 present - 6 effectives - 4 sick/detailed - 7 detached/in hospital (3 casualties: 1 KIA, 1 MW, 1 W, 0 C) (50% known casualties)
  • Lieut. Col. Daniel T. Brown – detached to post duty in Greensboro
  • 3rd​ Corp. Hosea Gist (21)
  • Pvt. Gardner Green (22) – detached as hospital nurse
  • 4th​ Sgt. John Hudgens (24)
  • Pvt. Eavens M. Irwin (19) – detached to Army supply train
  • 5th​ Sgt. Benjamin Lack (33)
  • 1st​ Lieut. William L. Lowery (21) – absent due to wounds – detached at Macon
  • 2nd​ Lieut. James E. Rotan (21) – went home on retreat
  • 3rd​ Lieut. William G. Sims (22) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • Pvt. Thomas J. Templeton (21)
  • Capt. William D. Turlington (29) – Supernumerary – detached to post duty at Macon
  • Pvt. John H. Whitley – detailed as brigade teamster
  • Pvt. William Wilhite (19) – killed November 30
Conscripted after September 1862:
  • Pvt. Jesse Bozarth (18) – wounded November 30 – captured December 17
  • Pvt. Jubal T. Early
  • Pvt. G. H. Templeton (35)
  • Pvt. Pleasant C. Templeton (19) – mortally wounded November 30
 
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