Official Records of the 10th Virginia Infantry from the Gettysburg Campaign

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Tom Elmore

2nd Lieutenant
Member of the Year
Joined
Jan 16, 2015
Morning reports and other original records are contained in the Tenth Virginia Infantry Regiment Records, 1861-1864, located in the Manuscripts Collection of the Library of Virginia in Richmond (accessions 20295, 20296 and 20297).

Extant Confederate strength (morning) reports associated with the Gettysburg campaign are very rare (based on my experience), but we have two for the 10th Virginia – one taken on the eve of the battle (June 29), and another from a month later (July 30) while the regiment was recovering in Virginia. As expected, the numbers correlate fairly closely with a tally derived from individual compiled service records (discrepancies are addressed below). Taken together they allow for one of the most complete dissections of a Confederate infantry regiment at Gettysburg.

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Part I (The morning report has been divided into sections; additional reports to follow.)

Morning Report, Camp [4 miles from Carlisle?], June 29, 1863

Present
Field and Staff: 1 Colonel; 1 Adjutant; 1 Quartermaster; 1 Commissary; 2 Surgeons; 1 Chaplain, 3 Sergeants.
A: 5 Musicians.
B: 1 Captain; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 1 Sergeant; 3 Corporals; 14 Privates.
C: 1 1st Lieutenant; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 13 Privates.
D: 1 Captain; 2 2nd Lieutenants; 2 Sergeants; 3 Corporals; 20 Privates.
E: 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 3 Corporals; 6 Privates.
F: 1 Captain; 2 2nd Lieutenants; 4 Sergeants; 2 Musicians; 32 Privates.
G: 1 1st Lieutenant; 4 Sergeants; 1 Corporal; 4 Musicians; 8 Privates.
H: 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 3 Corporals; 14 Privates.
I: 1 Captain; 1 1st Lieutenant; 3 Sergeants; 2 Corporals; 19 Privates.
K: 1 1st Lieutenant; 2 2nd Lieutenants; 1 Sergeant; 19 Privates.
L: 1 Captain; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 1 Corporal; 11 Privates.

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Sick
Company A: 1 Nco, 1 Private
Company B: 2 Privates
Company C: 1 Private
Company D: None
Company E: 1 Nco, 2 Privates
Company F: 2 Privates
Company G: 2 Privates
Company H: 4 Privates
Company I: 3 Privates
Company K: 1 Nco, 3 Privates
Company L: 1 Officer

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Extra Duty
Company A: 2 Privates
Company B: 3 Privates
Company C: 4 Privates
Company D: 2 Privates
Company E: 2 Officers, 2 Privates
Company F: 9 Privates
Company G: 2 Privates
Company H: 1 Private
Company I: 3 Privates
Company K: 2 Privates
Company L: 1 Private

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Detached Service
Company A: 1 Officer, 1 (Enlisted) Man
Company B: 10 Men
Company C: 1 Officer, 8 Men
Company D: 8 Men
Company E: 4 Men
Company F: 1 Officer, 16 Men
Company G: 7 Men
Company H: 2 Officers, 3 Men
Company I: 1 Officer, 4 Men
Company K: 1 Officer, 8 Men
Company L: 5 Men

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Absent
Company A: 8 (Enlisted) Men (with leave); 13 Men (without leave)
Company B: 3 Men (with leave); 2 Men (without leave)
Company C: 3 Men (without leave)
Company D: 1 Man (without leave)
Company E: 3 Men (without leave)
Company F: None
Company G: 1 Man (with leave); 1 Man (without leave)
Company H: None
Company I: 3 Men (without leave)
Company K: 27 Men (without leave)
Company L: 10 Men (without leave)
 

Tom Elmore

2nd Lieutenant
Member of the Year
Joined
Jan 16, 2015
Part 2

The following officers, non-commissioned officers (nco’s) and privates were clearly listed as present at the battle, according to their compiled service records (supplemented by other sources). It does not include those who have been detached or detailed to other duties, or those (36 in total) whose records are not so clear cut and may have been present. Nco’s (sergeants and corporals) are listed in descending order of seniority, while privates appear alphabetically.

Field and Staff: Col. Edward T. H. Warren; Adj./Lt. Whitfield G. Kisling; Quartermaster (AQM) Capt. A. S. Byrd; Surg. Joseph L. Campbell, Asst. Surg. Velasquez H. Flinn; Chaplain John P. Hyde; QM Sgt. Gerard M. Effinger, Commissary Sgt. John B. Borst.

A: 2Sgt Asbury Redfern; Pvt Luther S. Grove, Pvt John Hensell; Musician Calvin M. Borum, Musician Edward E. Sibole, Musician Lemuel L. Sibole, Musician James A. Sonner, Musician Richard W. Sonner, Musician Charles B. Spengler.

B: Captain Isaac G. Coffman; 1st Lieutenant S. M. Brown; 2nd Lt. George B. Kemper; 1Sgt William H. H. Wheeler, 2Sgt Robert B. Ragan; 1Cpl Jacob H. Yost, 3Cpl George R. Rimal, 4Cpl John C. McCrary; Pvt Joseph Bezanson, Pvt James A. Bowles, Pvt James W. Carroll, Pvt George C. Everding, Pvt Francis M. Flick, Pvt James B. Fultz, Pvt James W. Furry, Pvt Alonzo W. B. Harry, Pvt Calvin M. Keezle, Pvt Isaac N. Keller, Pvt Joseph H. Kelley, Pvt Charles T. Liggett, Pvt Robert Long, Pvt George W. Moore, Pvt James Moore, Pvt Joseph B. Oder, Pvt J. Asbury Payne, Pvt James W. Payne, Pvt John Roadcap, Pvt Robert Steele.

C: Jr. 2nd Lt. John A. Donaghe; 3Sgt John E. Ward; Pvt James W. Carroll; Pvt William Fearneyhaugh, Pvt Jacob Flick, Pvt Daniel D. Hurley, Pvt Henry C. Jones, Pvt John M. Long, Pvt Joseph H. Long, Pvt William C. Long, Pvt Silas Morris, Pvt Rail Moss, Pvt John C. Ragan, Pvt Joseph Swanson (cook/orderly for colonel), Pvt Archibald D. Van Pelt, Pvt F. G. Way.

D: Captain Adam H. Smals; Jr. 2nd Lt. John H. Long; 3Sgt Marshall B. Childress; 2Cpl Thomas Jones, 3Cpl Newton M. Smals, 4Cpl Christian Sheets; Pvt John W. Bricker, Pvt Henry Bailey, Pvt Henry Bailey, Pvt Samuel K. Berry, Pvt Abner Bricker, Pvt George W. Bricker, Pvt Richard C. Chandler; Pvt John R. Coffman, Pvt William McK. Coffman, Pvt Jackson Good, Pvt John Haney, Pvt John F. Hatfield, Pvt David H. Linhoss, Pvt Malancthon Miller, Pvt A. J. Moyerheiffer, Pvt John L. Neichter, Pvt John J. Peterson, Pvt Daniel W. Pollard, Pvt G. Calvin Terrell, Pvt John L. Thompson, Pvt Noah Shiflet, Pvt Robert W. White, Pvt Lorenzo D. Weakley, Pvt Peter W. Wheeler, Pvt Robert W. White.

E: Capt. William B. Yancey; Jr. 2nd Lt. Thomas G. Mauzy; 1Sgt Joseph B. Rush, 3Sgt Joseph B. Dunivin; 1Cpl Elisha A. Leap, 2Cpl James F. Sipe, 3Cpl David W. Wyant, 4Cpl Samuel A. May; Pvt George W. Bauserman, Pvt Joseph Bauserman, Pvt John Booze, Pvt Peter Carickhoff; Pvt John H. Davis, Pvt George R. Dennett, Pvt Addison Lafferty, Pvt Hezekiah J. Lamb, Pvt Harrison Morris, Pvt George W. Williams, Pvt Joseph Williams.

F: Capt. Nehemiah Fountain; 2nd Lt. George C. Hamman; 2Sgt Lewis C. Kneisly, 3Sgt Mark Bird, Jr., 4Sgt John H. Walters, 5Sgt W. Dallas Sager; 3Cpl Luther B. Kneisly; Musician (drummer) Jacob Elick, Musician (fifer) Otway P. Ferrell; Pvt James H. Albert, Pvt William H. Albert, Pvt Perry J. Allison, Pvt Marcus W. Allison, Pvt William H. Bair, Pvt William H. Barr, Pvt Isaac O. Barton, Pvt John W. Bowman, Pvt Joseph C. Bowman, Pvt Daniel H. Bragonier, Pvt Robert C. Bragonier, Pvt James A. Clinedinst, Pvt Peter M. Conrad, Pvt Angelo Downey, Pvt Dilman Estep, Pvt Henry H. Evans, Pvt Joseph Fox, Pvt Henry C. Fravel, Pvt Thomas H. Harris, Pvt Whiting F. Hockman, Pvt John S. Hutchinson, Pvt John P. Lewis, Pvt James C. Lutz, Pvt Thomas J. Lutz, Pvt Joseph H. Marston, Pvt Philip A. Miller, Pvt Robert S. Miller, Pvt George G. Ott, Pvt John Palmer, Pvt Nathan J. Pitman, Pvt George H. Reynard, Pvt Austin A. Riddelle (Riddle), Pvt David C. Rinker, Pvt David Ross, Pvt Joseph G. Sager, Pvt Samuel C. Samuels, Pvt Abe Shillingburg, Pvt Cyrus Spengler, Pvt Benjamin J. Stanton, Pvt Samuel G. Vance, Pvt Andrew J. Van Pelt, Pvt Richard Welsh, Pvt William L. Wierman.

G: 1st Lt. Charles F. Campbell; 1Sgt Abner K. Fletcher, Sgt William L. Billhimer, Sgt Daniel D. Crickenberger, Color Sergeant Gabriel Shank; 2Cpl Benjamin F. Crickenberger, Cpl John R. Fletcher, Cpl Edward P. Shacklett; Chief Musician Charles Eshman, Musician James O. A. Clary, Musician John W. Clary, Musician B. H. Jenkens, Musician David H. Rittenour; Pvt William G. Brown, Pvt Thomas M. Dice, Pvt George W. Gaither, Pvt John R. Gaither, Pvt Solomon Gladwell, Pvt William H. Good, Pvt Hamilton P. Grandstaff, Pvt John H. Kelley, Pvt James Landis, Pvt Preston Layman, Pvt Michael J. Martz, Pvt B. Frank Miller, Pvt Charles B. Miller, Pvt William A. Newman, Pvt Charles C. Richards, Pvt John A. Sites.

H: Jr. 2nd Lt. Joseph W. Mauck; 1Sgt Ira H. Burkholder, 3Sgt Aldine S. Kieffer, 4Sgt Andrew J. Showalter; 1Cpl Archibald F. Hopkins, 2Cpl John A. Secrist; Pvt John F. Andes, Pvt Augustus R. Berry, Pvt Jacob T. Bowers, Pvt John W. Brunk, Pvt Daniel A. Coffman, Pvt Reuben S. Coffman, Pvt Benjamin F. Dove, Pvt Samuel A. Firebaugh, Pvt John C. Fleming, Pvt John H. Frank, Pvt John H. Gaines, Pvt Jesse R. Hopkins, Pvt Peachy H. Hopkins, Pvt John McCloud, Pvt Dallas Minnick, Pvt John B. Minnick, Pvt Thomas J. Secrist, Pvt Wesley H. Shoemaker, Pvt George W. Swartz, Pvt Andrew J. Van Pelt, Pvt John H. Winegord.

I: Capt. Samuel A. Sellers; 1st Lt. J. George H. Miller; 1Sgt James M. Sellers, 2Sgt Philip M. Secrist, 3Sgt Joseph F. Mounger, 4Sgt Joseph H. Wolfe; 2Cpl Benjamin F. Crickenberger, 4Cpl John J. Smith; Pvt William H. Davis, Pvt Joseph C. Eppard, Pvt John W. Grove, Pvt Miles McG. Grove, Pvt Charles W. Harnsberger, Pvt James R. Harris, Pvt William E. Harris, Pvt Thomas S. Long, Pvt John P. Louderback, Pvt Alexander Lowry, Pvt John H. Marshall, Pvt Robert F. Marshall, Pvt William H. Marshall, Pvt George S. Merica, Pvt John B. Monger, Pvt John P. Sellers, Pvt Charles N. Shepp, Pvt George H. Winbigler.

K: 1st Lt. David C. Grayson, Jr. 2nd Lt. Charles F. Crisp; 2Sgt Enoch V. Kauffman, 5Sgt Benjamin F. Grayson Jr.; Pvt Benjamin F. Barham, Pvt William C. L. Bixler, Pvt James H. Cook, Pvt Joseph Dawson, Pvt Benton S. Fleming, Pvt Samuel J. Forrer, Pvt Hiram C. Kibler, Pvt Reuben A. Kibler, Pvt William C. Kiblinger, Pvt Siram Kite, Pvt Isaac N. Martin, Pvt James N. Martin, Pvt Daniel McCauley, Pvt Robert F. Nauman, Pvt Joseph Painter, Pvt Erasmus M. Pitman, Pvt Thomas L. Price, Pvt Edward A. Singers, Pvt Charles L. Skelton, Pvt Columbus Skelton, Pvt Noah L. Skelton, Pvt John Tobin, Pvt Joseph T. Wood.

L: Capt. Alexander N. Finks; 2nd Lt. S. H. Finks, Jr. 2nd Lt. Howard S. Hoffman; 2Sgt William R. Hoffman, 3Sgt Horace W. Finks, 4Sgt Richard U. Blankenbaker; 4Cpl John L. Jenkins; Pvt James Arrington, Pvt Albert Aylor, Pvt John M. Clatterbuck, Pvt Henry Colvin, Pvt Mark F. Finks, Pvt James W. Gaines, Pvt John G. Knight, Pvt Moses Powell, Pvt Franklin Richards, Pvt William N. Richards, Pvt Martin V. B. Rosson, Pvt Albert T. Ryder, Pvt Asa W. Smith, Pvt John W. Smith, Pvt William H. Weakley.

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Notes on discrepancies between the morning report and compiled service records (supplemented by other sources):

(Bear in mind that the bulk of the differences naturally result from inclusion of the sick and others returning from details or even leave, between June 29 and the opening of the battle.)

Field and Staff: The lieutenant colonel and major were both killed at Chancellorsville. The commissary (captain) has not been identified – this position was about to be abolished. The third sergeant is possibly a sergeant major (not identified), or perhaps ordnance sergeant John M. Shipp (whose actual rank is private). Hospital Steward William T. Jennings was absent.

Company A: I cannot explain the absence of numbers (excepting musicians) on the morning report, but given that so few soldiers are listed as present, it suggests the company as a body had been detached and was not present at Gettysburg (a possible clue is that Private Edward A. Shotts was captured on July 4 at Williamsport, Maryland). 1st Lieutenant Adam L. Spengler was absent, wounded (at Chancellorsville). Nearly all the musicians listed in the regiment belonged to the regimental (brass) band, which in this case served as the sole band of the brigade. Every infantry regiment typically had two or three “field” musicians (drummer, bugler and/or fifer).

Company B: Captain Isaac G. Coffman was promoted to Major on September 22, 1863 but it was backdated to May 3, 1863; 1st Lieutenant S. M. Brown is marked present but was possibly detailed to another company (specifically E). 2nd Lieutenant William H. Waesche, Jr. was sent to the rear (sick?) on July 1 and captured on July 4. (The rank of junior second lieutenant is also referred to as third lieutenant.)

Company C: 2nd Lieutenant H. H. Riddlebarger had been detailed as enrolling officer for Shenandoah county.

Company E: Captain John W. Melhorn and 2nd Lieutenant John H. Hawkins were absent (both wounded at Chancellorsville). The 1st Lieutenant is not identified, but may have been detailed from Company B.

Company F: 1st Lieutenant Green B. Samuels was present but possibly detached as assistant inspector general on the brigade staff. 2nd Lieutenant David M. Ream had been detailed as the conscript officer for Page and Shenandoah counties.

Company H: 1st Lieutenant John H. Rolston was absent on a detail to gather conscripts and deserters, and 2nd Lieutenant Lycurgus C. Myers was absent wounded. Andrew J. Showalter was promoted from 1st Corporal to 4th Sergeant on June 24.

Company I: 2nd Lieutenant Hiram H. Miller was absent sick at the hospital in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Company K: 2nd Lieutenant William E. Pitman had been transferred to the quartermaster department.

Company L: 1st Lieutenant Robert F. Carter was absent due to sickness.

Other Sources:
-Letters of Adjutant/Lieutenant Whitfield G. Kisling.
-Very Complete Roll of Company F, Tenth Virginia Regiment, Richmond Dispatch, September 16, 1900, Southern Historical Society Papers, vol. 28, 1900, pp 115-123.
-Diary of Samuel Angus Firebaugh, The Archives Room, The Handley Regional Library, Winchester, Virginia.
 
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Tom Elmore

2nd Lieutenant
Member of the Year
Joined
Jan 16, 2015
Part 3

Roll of non-commissioned officers and privates of the 10th Virginia employed on extra duty by [regimental quartermaster] A. S. Byrd during month of July 1863:

[Erasmus] C. Haas, Private, H, wagon master
[Jacob Amos] Hutchinson, Private, H, teamster
Joseph Baker, Private, A, teamster
William [T.] Coffman, Private, I, teamster
Joseph [S.] Coffman, Private, I, teamster
Daniel Rudy, Private, H, teamster
William Ralston, Private, H, teamster
Noah Shiflett, D, teamster
[Mark] M. Huffman, K, teamster [drove the medical wagon], deserted July 25
Israel [P.] Dollinger [or Dellinger], H, blacksmith
[Silas] B. Hitt, I, harness and shoe maker

Examined by [Colonel] E. T. H. Warren

[The list indicates the regiment had eight vehicles, which might break down into two-three baggage wagons, two-three provision (food for men and animals) wagons, two ambulances, one medical wagon and possibly the ordnance wagon. It does not include at least eight other teamsters from the regiment who were assigned to vehicles at the brigade, division, corps or army level.]
 
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Tom Elmore

2nd Lieutenant
Member of the Year
Joined
Jan 16, 2015
Part 4 (extracted from compiled service records)

Detached/detailed officers and enlisted men who were, or may have been, at Gettysburg:
-Pvt William H. H. Campbell, F, clerk to the surgeon.
-Pvt John H. Conway, G, quartermaster department.
-2nd Lt. William E. Pitman, K, quartermaster department.
-Pvt John T. Wilkins, B, clerk to brigade quartermaster.
-Pvt George F. Mayhew, G, quartermaster department with Maj. Pendleton or Turner.
-Pvt George W. Aleshire, K, pioneer corps (pioneer corps was attached to the division).
-Pvt George Armentrout, G, pioneer corps.
-Pvt James W. Roadcap, B, pioneer corps.
-Pvt Isaac N. Stanley, I, pioneer corps.
-Pvt Thomas J. Thuma, D, pioneer corps.
-Pvt W. M. Bowyers, F, blacksmith with division ordnance (wagon) train.
-Pvt George W. Gill, F, blacksmith with division ordnance train.
-Pvt Silas B. Hoover, F, blacksmith with division ordnance train.
-Pvt Lewis Reherd, B, blacksmith with brigade headquarters.
-Pvt John T. Kennedy, C, guard to ordnance train.
-Pvt John Kenney, B, ordnance sergeant with reserve ordnance train.
-Pvt John F. Booz, E, teamster.
-Pvt Lewis McInturff, F, teamster with division reserve ordnance train.
-Pvt Albert Roberts, D, teamster with reserve ordnance train.
-Pvt Peter A. Miller, H, teamster with division commissary train.
-Pvt Reuben W. Sandy, D, teamster with division commissary train.
-Pvt Daniel T. Saum, F, teamster with division commissary train.
-Pvt Mahlon G. Saum, F, teamster with division commissary train.
-Pvt Henry F. Propst, I, brigade wagoner (teamster).
-Pvt John W. Miller, G, courier to Gen. Lee (captured in Greencastle, PA).
-Pvt P. A. Pitman, C, courier to Gen. Lee.

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Detached/detailed officers and enlisted men who did not participate in the campaign (partial list):
-Cpl William H. Blakemore, G, with conscript officer in Rockingham county.
-1Cpl Benjamin F. Harman, D, conscript duty in Rockingham county.
-1Sgt Peter Hollen, D, conscript duty in Rockingham county.
-Pvt James Huffman, I, conscript duty in Rockingham county.
-3Sgt John C. Mauck, B, conscript duty in Rockingham county.
-Pvt James C. Minnick, D, conscript duty in Rockingham county.
-Pvt David Heatwole, G, conscript duty or provost guard at Harrisonburg.
-Capt. Richard S. Parks, K, conscript/enrolling officer in Page county.
-2nd Lt. David M. Ream, F, conscript officer for Page and Shenandoah counties.
-2nd Lt. H. H. Riddlebarger, C, enrolling officer for Shenandoah county.
-1Sgt George M. Spengler, A, conscript duty.
-2Sgt Charles E. Hammen, E, arresting absentees from company.
-1st Lt. John H. Rolston, H, gathering conscripts and deserters.
-2Sgt John S. Hershberger, K, gathering conscripts and deserters.
-Pvt John W. Minnick, H, gathering conscripts and deserters.
-Pvt L. Crawford, D, nitre works, Lewis and Crawford at the furnace.
-Pvt Noah A. Royer, E, teamster at Lewis’ Iron Works.
-Pvt William M. Lewis, nitre bureau.
-Pvt William A. Scott, B, nitre bureau.
-Pvt John Fogle, L, [working at] hospital in Richmond.
-Pvt John M. Harner, L, hospital in Richmond.
-Pvt David Frank, H, hospital.
-Pvt Mark T. Glenn, K, hospital in Lynchburg.
-Pvt John R. Sellers, I, hospital in Lynchburg.
-Pvt John S. Loder, F, clerk in Lynchburg hospital.
-Pvt Frank S. Pennypacker, F, steward at hospital in Mt. Jackson.
-4Sgt Frank Hughes, B, with Surgeon Black.
-Pvt P. W. Koontz, B, nurse in hospital.
-Pvt R. T. Lamb, D, shoemaker in Richmond.

Other/unknown:
-Pvt Raphael Fadely, F, in compliance with circular 12 January 1863, Army of Northern Virginia.
 

Tom Elmore

2nd Lieutenant
Member of the Year
Joined
Jan 16, 2015
Part 5

The July 30 morning report would of course reflect losses from the recently concluded Gettysburg campaign, but by this time no doubt quite a few men had rejoined the regiment after sufficiently recovering from sickness or wounds received in previous battles, especially Chancellorsville.

Any such gains were more than offset by the soaring number of “French leave” cases recorded immediately following the conclusion of the Gettysburg campaign. However, most of the new “absent without leave” infractions were probably temporary. As Adjutant Whitfield G. Kisling explained in a letter to his cousin on August 26: “There are a great many from the Rockingham and Shenandoah companies who have flanked. It is nearly an impossibility to keep up a regiment when near their homes.”

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Morning Report, Camp near Madison Court House, July 30, 1863

Present
Field and Staff: 1 Colonel; 1 Adjutant; 1 Commissary; 1 Assistant Surgeon; 3 Sergeants.
A: 5 Musicians.
B: 1 Captain; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 2 Corporals; 12 Privates.
C: 1 2nd Lieutenant; 1 Sergeant; 2 Corporals; 12 Privates.
D: 1 Captain; 2 2nd Lieutenants; 5 Privates.
E: 1 Captain; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Corporals; 5 Privates.
F: 1 Sergeant; 1 Corporal; 1 Musician; 10 Privates.
G: 1 Captain; 1st Lieutenant; 4 Sergeants; 1 Musician; 10 Privates.
H: 2 Sergeants; 2 Corporals; 10 Privates.
I: 1 Captain; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 4 Sergeants; 2 Corporals; 11 Privates.
K: 1 1st Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 1 Corporal; 10 Privates.
L: 1 Captain; 1 2nd Lieutenant; 2 Sergeants; 1 Corporal; 11 Privates.

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Sick
Company A: 2 Privates
Company B: 1 Private
Company C: 1 Private
Company D: None
Company E: 1 Private
Company F: 2 Privates
Company G: None
Company H: 1 Private
Company I: 1 Private
Company K: None
Company L: 1 Officer

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Extra Duty
Company A: 2 Privates
Company B: 1 Private
Company C: 1 Private
Company D: 2 Privates
Company E: 1 Officer, 1 Private
Company F: 9 Privates
Company G: 1 Private
Company H: 1 Private
Company I: 1 Officer, 4 Privates
Company K: 2 Privates
Company L: 1 Private

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In Arrest
Field and Staff: 1 Officer

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Detached Service
Field and Staff: 1 Officer
Company A: 1 Officer, 1 (Enlisted) Man
Company B: 11 Men
Company C: 1 Officer, 8 Men
Company D: 10 Men
Company E: 5 Men
Company F: 2 Officers, 16 Men
Company G: 8 Men
Company H: 2 Officers, 4 Men
Company I: 4 Men
Company K: 1 Officer, 6 Men
Company L: 5 Men

-------------------

Absent
Company A: 8 (Enlisted) Men (with leave); 13 Men (without leave)
Company B: 3 Men (without leave)
Company C: 12 Men (without leave)
Company D: 1 Officer (with leave); 4 Men (without leave)
Company E: 9 Men (without leave)
Company F: 21 Men (without leave)
Company G: 1 Officer (with leave); 1 Man (without leave)
Company H: 4 Men (without leave)
Company I: 16 Men (without leave)
Company K: 27 Men (without leave)
Company L: 16 Men (without leave)
 

JPK Huson 1863

Brev. Brig. Gen'l
Forum Host
Joined
Feb 14, 2012
Location
Central Pennsylvania
It is nearly an impossibility to keep up a regiment when near their homes.”

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You could see that. There are threads endlessly arguing over how much desertion was the case. The implication generally is that the these men felt no loyalty to their army. I've always wondered if the lure of home made the number of cases high- can you imagine how tough it would be ( especially after the horrors of Gettysburg ) to march past?
 
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Rick Richter

Private
Joined
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Part 2

The following officers, non-commissioned officers (nco’s) and privates were clearly listed as present at the battle, according to their compiled service records (supplemented by other sources). It does not include those who have been detached or detailed to other duties, or those (36 in total) whose records are not so clear cut and may have been present. Nco’s (sergeants and corporals) are listed in descending order of seniority, while privates appear alphabetically.

Field and Staff: Col. Edward T. H. Warren; Adj./Lt. Whitfield G. Kisling; Quartermaster (AQM) Capt. A. S. Byrd; Surg. Joseph L. Campbell, Asst. Surg. Velasquez H. Flinn; Chaplain John P. Hyde; QM Sgt. Gerard M. Effinger, Commissary Sgt. John B. Borst.

A: 2Sgt Asbury Redfern; Pvt Luther S. Grove, Pvt John Hensell; Musician Calvin M. Borum, Musician Edward E. Sibole, Musician Lemuel L. Sibole, Musician James A. Sonner, Musician Richard W. Sonner, Musician Charles B. Spengler.

B: Captain Isaac G. Coffman; 1st Lieutenant S. M. Brown; 2nd Lt. George B. Kemper; 1Sgt William H. H. Wheeler, 2Sgt Robert B. Ragan; 1Cpl Jacob H. Yost, 3Cpl George R. Rimal, 4Cpl John C. McCrary; Pvt Joseph Bezanson, Pvt James A. Bowles, Pvt James W. Carroll, Pvt George C. Everding, Pvt Francis M. Flick, Pvt James B. Fultz, Pvt James W. Furry, Pvt Alonzo W. B. Harry, Pvt Calvin M. Keezle, Pvt Isaac N. Keller, Pvt Joseph H. Kelley, Pvt Charles T. Liggett, Pvt Robert Long, Pvt George W. Moore, Pvt James Moore, Pvt Joseph B. Oder, Pvt J. Asbury Payne, Pvt James W. Payne, Pvt John Roadcap, Pvt Robert Steele.

C: Jr. 2nd Lt. John A. Donaghe; 3Sgt John E. Ward; Pvt James W. Carroll; Pvt William Fearneyhaugh, Pvt Jacob Flick, Pvt Daniel D. Hurley, Pvt Henry C. Jones, Pvt John M. Long, Pvt Joseph H. Long, Pvt William C. Long, Pvt Silas Morris, Pvt Rail Moss, Pvt John C. Ragan, Pvt Joseph Swanson (cook/orderly for colonel), Pvt Archibald D. Van Pelt, Pvt F. G. Way.

D: Captain Adam H. Smals; Jr. 2nd Lt. John H. Long; 3Sgt Marshall B. Childress; 2Cpl Thomas Jones, 3Cpl Newton M. Smals, 4Cpl Christian Sheets; Pvt John W. Bricker, Pvt Henry Bailey, Pvt Henry Bailey, Pvt Samuel K. Berry, Pvt Abner Bricker, Pvt George W. Bricker, Pvt Richard C. Chandler; Pvt John R. Coffman, Pvt William McK. Coffman, Pvt Jackson Good, Pvt John Haney, Pvt John F. Hatfield, Pvt David H. Linhoss, Pvt Malancthon Miller, Pvt A. J. Moyerheiffer, Pvt John L. Neichter, Pvt John J. Peterson, Pvt Daniel W. Pollard, Pvt G. Calvin Terrell, Pvt John L. Thompson, Pvt Noah Shiflet, Pvt Robert W. White, Pvt Lorenzo D. Weakley, Pvt Peter W. Wheeler, Pvt Robert W. White.

E: Capt. William B. Yancey; Jr. 2nd Lt. Thomas G. Mauzy; 1Sgt Joseph B. Rush, 3Sgt Joseph B. Dunivin; 1Cpl Elisha A. Leap, 2Cpl James F. Sipe, 3Cpl David W. Wyant, 4Cpl Samuel A. May; Pvt George W. Bauserman, Pvt Joseph Bauserman, Pvt John Booze, Pvt Peter Carickhoff; Pvt John H. Davis, Pvt George R. Dennett, Pvt Addison Lafferty, Pvt Hezekiah J. Lamb, Pvt Harrison Morris, Pvt George W. Williams, Pvt Joseph Williams.

F: Capt. Nehemiah Fountain; 2nd Lt. George C. Hamman; 2Sgt Lewis C. Kneisly, 3Sgt Mark Bird, Jr., 4Sgt John H. Walters, 5Sgt W. Dallas Sager; 3Cpl Luther B. Kneisly; Musician (drummer) Jacob Elick, Musician (fifer) Otway P. Ferrell; Pvt James H. Albert, Pvt William H. Albert, Pvt Perry J. Allison, Pvt Marcus W. Allison, Pvt William H. Bair, Pvt William H. Barr, Pvt Isaac O. Barton, Pvt John W. Bowman, Pvt Joseph C. Bowman, Pvt Daniel H. Bragonier, Pvt Robert C. Bragonier, Pvt James A. Clinedinst, Pvt Peter M. Conrad, Pvt Angelo Downey, Pvt Dilman Estep, Pvt Henry H. Evans, Pvt Joseph Fox, Pvt Henry C. Fravel, Pvt Thomas H. Harris, Pvt Whiting F. Hockman, Pvt John S. Hutchinson, Pvt John P. Lewis, Pvt James C. Lutz, Pvt Thomas J. Lutz, Pvt Joseph H. Marston, Pvt Philip A. Miller, Pvt Robert S. Miller, Pvt George G. Ott, Pvt John Palmer, Pvt Nathan J. Pitman, Pvt George H. Reynard, Pvt Austin A. Riddelle (Riddle), Pvt David C. Rinker, Pvt David Ross, Pvt Joseph G. Sager, Pvt Samuel C. Samuels, Pvt Abe Shillingburg, Pvt Cyrus Spengler, Pvt Benjamin J. Stanton, Pvt Samuel G. Vance, Pvt Andrew J. Van Pelt, Pvt Richard Welsh, Pvt William L. Wierman.

G: 1st Lt. Charles F. Campbell; 1Sgt Abner K. Fletcher, Sgt William L. Billhimer, Sgt Daniel D. Crickenberger, Color Sergeant Gabriel Shank; 2Cpl Benjamin F. Crickenberger, Cpl John R. Fletcher, Cpl Edward P. Shacklett; Chief Musician Charles Eshman, Musician James O. A. Clary, Musician John W. Clary, Musician B. H. Jenkens, Musician David H. Rittenour; Pvt William G. Brown, Pvt Thomas M. Dice, Pvt George W. Gaither, Pvt John R. Gaither, Pvt Solomon Gladwell, Pvt William H. Good, Pvt Hamilton P. Grandstaff, Pvt John H. Kelley, Pvt James Landis, Pvt Preston Layman, Pvt Michael J. Martz, Pvt B. Frank Miller, Pvt Charles B. Miller, Pvt William A. Newman, Pvt Charles C. Richards, Pvt John A. Sites.

H: Jr. 2nd Lt. Joseph W. Mauck; 1Sgt Ira H. Burkholder, 3Sgt Aldine S. Kieffer, 4Sgt Andrew J. Showalter; 1Cpl Archibald F. Hopkins, 2Cpl John A. Secrist; Pvt John F. Andes, Pvt Augustus R. Berry, Pvt Jacob T. Bowers, Pvt John W. Brunk, Pvt Daniel A. Coffman, Pvt Reuben S. Coffman, Pvt Benjamin F. Dove, Pvt Samuel A. Firebaugh, Pvt John C. Fleming, Pvt John H. Frank, Pvt John H. Gaines, Pvt Jesse R. Hopkins, Pvt Peachy H. Hopkins, Pvt John McCloud, Pvt Dallas Minnick, Pvt John B. Minnick, Pvt Thomas J. Secrist, Pvt Wesley H. Shoemaker, Pvt George W. Swartz, Pvt Andrew J. Van Pelt, Pvt John H. Winegord.

I: Capt. Samuel A. Sellers; 1st Lt. J. George H. Miller; 1Sgt James M. Sellers, 2Sgt Philip M. Secrist, 3Sgt Joseph F. Mounger, 4Sgt Joseph H. Wolfe; 2Cpl Benjamin F. Crickenberger, 4Cpl John J. Smith; Pvt William H. Davis, Pvt Joseph C. Eppard, Pvt John W. Grove, Pvt Miles McG. Grove, Pvt Charles W. Harnsberger, Pvt James R. Harris, Pvt William E. Harris, Pvt Thomas S. Long, Pvt John P. Louderback, Pvt Alexander Lowry, Pvt John H. Marshall, Pvt Robert F. Marshall, Pvt William H. Marshall, Pvt George S. Merica, Pvt John B. Monger, Pvt John P. Sellers, Pvt Charles N. Shepp, Pvt George H. Winbigler.

K: 1st Lt. David C. Grayson, Jr. 2nd Lt. Charles F. Crisp; 2Sgt Enoch V. Kauffman, 5Sgt Benjamin F. Grayson Jr.; Pvt Benjamin F. Barham, Pvt William C. L. Bixler, Pvt James H. Cook, Pvt Joseph Dawson, Pvt Benton S. Fleming, Pvt Samuel J. Forrer, Pvt Hiram C. Kibler, Pvt Reuben A. Kibler, Pvt William C. Kiblinger, Pvt Siram Kite, Pvt Isaac N. Martin, Pvt James N. Martin, Pvt Daniel McCauley, Pvt Robert F. Nauman, Pvt Joseph Painter, Pvt Erasmus M. Pitman, Pvt Thomas L. Price, Pvt Edward A. Singers, Pvt Charles L. Skelton, Pvt Columbus Skelton, Pvt Noah L. Skelton, Pvt John Tobin, Pvt Joseph T. Wood.

L: Capt. Alexander N. Finks; 2nd Lt. S. H. Finks, Jr. 2nd Lt. Howard S. Hoffman; 2Sgt William R. Hoffman, 3Sgt Horace W. Finks, 4Sgt Richard U. Blankenbaker; 4Cpl John L. Jenkins; Pvt James Arrington, Pvt Albert Aylor, Pvt John M. Clatterbuck, Pvt Henry Colvin, Pvt Mark F. Finks, Pvt James W. Gaines, Pvt John G. Knight, Pvt Moses Powell, Pvt Franklin Richards, Pvt William N. Richards, Pvt Martin V. B. Rosson, Pvt Albert T. Ryder, Pvt Asa W. Smith, Pvt John W. Smith, Pvt William H. Weakley.

-------------------

Notes on discrepancies between the morning report and compiled service records (supplemented by other sources):

(Bear in mind that the bulk of the differences naturally result from inclusion of the sick and others returning from details or even leave, between June 29 and the opening of the battle.)

Field and Staff: The lieutenant colonel and major were both killed at Chancellorsville. The commissary (captain) has not been identified – this position was about to be abolished. The third sergeant is possibly a sergeant major (not identified), or perhaps ordnance sergeant John M. Shipp (whose actual rank is private). Hospital Steward William T. Jennings was absent.

Company A: I cannot explain the absence of numbers (excepting musicians) on the morning report, but given that so few soldiers are listed as present, it suggests the company as a body had been detached and was not present at Gettysburg (a possible clue is that Private Edward A. Shotts was captured on July 4 at Williamsport, Maryland). 1st Lieutenant Adam L. Spengler was absent, wounded (at Chancellorsville). Nearly all the musicians listed in the regiment belonged to the regimental (brass) band, which in this case served as the sole band of the brigade. Every infantry regiment typically had two or three “field” musicians (drummer, bugler and/or fifer).

Company B: Captain Isaac G. Coffman was promoted to Major on September 22, 1863 but it was backdated to May 3, 1863; 1st Lieutenant S. M. Brown is marked present but was possibly detailed to another company (specifically E). 2nd Lieutenant William H. Waesche, Jr. was sent to the rear (sick?) on July 1 and captured on July 4. (The rank of junior second lieutenant is also referred to as third lieutenant.)

Company C: 2nd Lieutenant H. H. Riddlebarger had been detailed as enrolling officer for Shenandoah county.

Company E: Captain John W. Melhorn and 2nd Lieutenant John H. Hawkins were absent (both wounded at Chancellorsville). The 1st Lieutenant is not identified, but may have been detailed from Company B.

Company F: 1st Lieutenant Green B. Samuels was present but possibly detached as assistant inspector general on the brigade staff. 2nd Lieutenant David M. Ream had been detailed as the conscript officer for Page and Shenandoah counties.

Company H: 1st Lieutenant John H. Rolston was absent on a detail to gather conscripts and deserters, and 2nd Lieutenant Lycurgus C. Myers was absent wounded. Andrew J. Showalter was promoted from 1st Corporal to 4th Sergeant on June 24.

Company I: 2nd Lieutenant Hiram H. Miller was absent sick at the hospital in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Company K: 2nd Lieutenant William E. Pitman had been transferred to the quartermaster department.

Company L: 1st Lieutenant Robert F. Carter was absent due to sickness.

Other Sources:
-Letters of Adjutant/Lieutenant Whitfield G. Kisling.
-Very Complete Roll of Company F, Tenth Virginia Regiment, Richmond Dispatch, September 16, 1900, Southern Historical Society Papers, vol. 28, 1900, pp 115-123.
-Diary of Samuel Angus Firebaugh, The Archives Room, The Handley Regional Library, Winchester, Virginia.
Great info, Tom. I agree with you about Co. A. Clearly they were present during the campaign, but likely were detailed as a group to guard wagons or something similar.
 
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