Nicola Marschall (1829-1917) was a German American artist credited with designing both the first flag of the Confederacy and the grey Confederate army uniform. He was born into a wealthy Prussian family of tobacco merchants in 1829. As a budding artist he decided to come to America. In 1849 he emigrated to America and first lived in New Orleans and then moved to Mobile, Alabama. He then relocated to Marion, Alabama in 1851. He opened a portrait studio and taught art at the Marion Female Seminary. In 1861 with the coming of the war he was approached to design a flag for the new Confederacy. He offered three designs, one of which the "Stars and Bars" became the official flag of the C.S.A. It was first raised in Montgomery, Alabama on March 4, 1861. It was the official flag from March 4, 1861 to May 26, 1863. He also designed the first "official" Confederate uniforms. Their design was influenced by the mid 1800s uniforms of the Austrian and French armies. Marschall served in the Confederate Army, rising from private to second lieutenant. He worked primarily as chief draftsman of maps and fortifications in the Mobile, Alabama area. When the war ended he returned to Marion and married Martha Eliza of Perry County. They had 3 children. He returned to painting portraits. He literally painted hundreds of subjects, including Jefferson Davis, Abraham Lincoln, Napoleon and Otto von Bismarck. He even painted a portrait of General Nathan Bedford Forrest. Forrest sat for the portrait in 1867. Disillusioned with the economic devastation in the Reconstruction South, he and his family moved to Louisville, Ky. in 1873. He continued to paint portraits there until his death on Feb. 24, 1917. He is buried in the famous and beautiful Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Ky.