We must be reading different things, " While there was active demand for negroes, there was nevertheless, almost from the first strong opposition. "
My interpretation is that there was strong opposition.
The sentence that says,
"This is evident from the fact that during the colonial period the Pennsylvania Assembly passed a long series of acts imposing restrictions upon the traffic."
I take it to mean, the Pennsylvania Assembly passed strong restrictions on the trafficking of shaves.
Perhaps you have a different interpretation.
When pen I read a sentence that says " the 1712 Assembly very boldly passed an act to prevent importation, seeking to accomplish this by making duty of twenty pounds per head. The law was quickly repealed in England, the Crown not being disposed to tolerate such independent action, nor willing to allow interference with The African Companies trade."
My take is the Pennsylvania Assembly attempted to raise the duty on slaves but the Crown overruled them.
Maybe you can enlighten me.
Nowhere does it say the Dutch opposed it. Where did you read the Dutch opposed it?