I won't contribute to the thread derailment any more. My question has been answered, mostly by Frederick Douglass. There was no words in the Constitution that protected slavery nationally from abolition through the normal legislative process.Explain to us why Lincoln, the President thought he needed the 13th A to alter the Constitution if he didn’t think the Constitution protected Slavery. He knew the EP was just a word game. Which explicitly didn’t apply to the Federal controlled portions of the States. Lincoln feared a court would uphold slavery and denounce his EP as unconstitutional.
Lincoln, Thaddeus Stevens and all the Radicals thought Slavery was a States Right and protected in the Construction. Slavery wasn’t Nationally protected. The reason the Federals could control it in the Territories. Which weren’t States.