Mumford's Cavalry at Snavely's Ford area Sharpsburg

Joined
Nov 29, 2015
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4
#1
Hi, I am new to the forum (& British) so please excuse my lack of knowledge or how best to use this facility!
For my latest novel (the first ACW one I have attempted) I need to know the composition, officers & numbers of the units of Mumford's Cavalry positioned on the right of 50th Georgia & Palmetto Sharpshooters overlooking Snavely's Ford at noon 17th Sept 1862. I don't suppose there were many left of them in this specific area by this point in the overall battle?
Also - what part did 5th Virginia Cavalry play? I presume they were somewhere up with Stuart in Lee's Cav Brigade near Nicodemus & the artillery but the internet & "Lee's Cavalry" & other Antietam books I have has scant info on this unit's part.
Thank you for any info or pointers to specialist books/sites on these two units' part in the battle.
Bob Pickles, near Manchester, England
 

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Andrew

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#2
At around 3:00 in the afternoon of the 17th, JEB Stuart led several regiments of cavalry, nine guns, and the 48th NC infantry to try to turn the Federal right flank. The 5th VA Cavalry was part of this expedition (see Tom Clemens' note 61, p. 337, in Ezra Carman's The Maryland Campaign of September 1862, Volume II: Antietam). It's a interesting part of the battle of Antietam that doesn't get much mention. The best description I've read of it is in Joseph Harsh's Taken at the Flood, pages 407-413.

A good resource for locating units during the battle is the Carman/Cope atlas available here: https://www.loc.gov/resource/g3842am.gcw0248000/?st=gallery

If you look at the bottom left of the 12:00 - 12:15 PM map, it states that Munford's cavalry extended from the right of Walker's division to the mouth of the Antietam, and the brigade is shown on a hill west of Snavely's. (I'm pretty sure Walker's division was gone by this point of the day, as Lee sent them up to the Dunker Church/West Woods.)

Listed below are the units under Munford present at Antietam, according to Harsh's Sounding the Shallows, p 50 & 88. The number of companies and officers & men present for duty (PFD) comes from Laurence Freiheit's Boots and Saddles, p 457:
  • 2nd VA Cavalry, Lt. Col. Richard Horsely Burks (12 VA) [9 companies, 408 PFD]
  • 7th VA Cavalry, Capt. Samuel B. Myers [9 companies, 474 PFD]
  • 12th VA Cavalry, Col. Asher Warterman Harmon [6 companies, 358 PFD]
Also part of Munford's brigade, the 6th VA Cavalry was at Centreville and the 17th VA Battalion never crossed the river into Maryland.
 
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#3
Don't y'all mean Munford, rather than Mumford?

It doesn't answer your specific questions, but Robert Krick's essay "Defending Lee's Flank" in The Antietam Campaign, Gary Gallagher, ed. is quite good and may provide some useful information, particularly with respect to General Stuart's actions during the battle.
 
Joined
Nov 29, 2015
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#5
Thanks guys for your prompt replies & suggestions. Further to Sharpsburg - would it have been possible for a shell from Kentucky Battery overlooking Lower Bridge to have landed (accidentally) immediately to west of Sharpburg on Shepherdstown Road to destroy a wagon of citizens attempting to leave early morning 17th Sept? Again this is for my book but I do not know if the line of sight/trajectory/distance or ballistics would make this possible & you can't get this angle on google earth!
thanks, Bob


(I can put this on an official new post if needed but did not like to take up extra space being a 'greenhorn' to the forum)
 



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