Of course we can't leave out John Bell Hood. Most are aware of Hood's time as a division commander in the ANV and later for his unsuccessful (to put it lightly) career as a corps and army commander in the AoT. But before all of that Hood was was only colonel of the 4th Texas Infantry and later brigadier general in command of the Texas Brigade. In April 1861, Hood resigned his commission from the U.S. Army and enlisted in the Confederate Army at Montgomery, AL, the next month. He was first commissioned a captain, though Hood wished to fight for his adopted state. After Col. Robert T. P. Allen of the 4th Texas Infantry resigned, Hood was appointed colonel of the regiment in Sept. 1861. He drilled the 4th Texas thoroughly in fall of that year but still managed to earn the Texans' respect - to the point where they would fallow him anywhere. On Feb. 20, 1862, Hood assumed command of the Texas Brigade and was officially promoted to brigadier general on March 3, 1862. He commanded the brigade throughout the Peninsula Campaign and into the Seven Days. In the Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27, Hood took his place among the ranks of the 4th Texas Infantry and personally led the famed charge up and over the Union line across Boatswain's Creek. The Texas Brigade was the first to break the Federal line at Gaines' Mill, and in the process captured a total of 14 artillery pieces, dozens of prisoners, and turned back a cavalry charge. In July 1862, Hood assumed command of the division after the former commander left on medical furlough. He was promoted to major general in October of that year and given full command of the division. From there Hood's record moves away from the brigade, but Hood's Texas Brigade would forever bear his name, and he would always be known as their favorite brigade commander. Brig. Gen. Jerome B. Robertson. Robertson, originally born in Kentucky, later moved to and accepted Texas as his adopted state. In 1861, Robertson raised a volunteer company - later Co. I of the 5th Texas Infantry. He was elevated through the ranks, promoted to lieutenant colonel in November 1861 and to colonel on June 1, 1862. He had fought with the regiment in the Peninsula Campaign, the Seven Days and Second Manassas, and was wounded in the latter. He was overcome by exhaustion at South Mountain and was carried from the field, missing the battle of Antietam. Overall, Robertson was popular among the troops and was given the nickname "Aunt Polly" because he was always concerned with their well-being. After the promotion of Hood, Robertson was promoted to brigadier general on November 1, 1862. He commanded the Texas Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign (in which he was wounded), at Chickamauga, and in the Knoxville Campaign. But due to tension amongst Longstreet's Corps in the Knoxville Campaign, Longstreet filed charges against Robertson alleging delinquency of duty and accusing him of pessimistic remarks. Robertson was reprimanded, replaced as commander of the Texas Brigade and transferred to Texas, where he commanded the state reserve forces until the end of the war. He was sorely missed by the troops of the brigade; in the words of Joe Polley, Co. F, 4th Texas, "The Texas Brigade heartily approved of his course, and its survivors are yet grateful to him for the firm stand he took and for the interest and fatherly solicitude he always manifested in the well-being of his men." Brig. Gen. John Gregg, the Texas Brigade's last brigadier general. John Gregg - originally from Alabama but later moved to Fairview, Texas - had organized and commanded the 7th Texas Infantry after the war began. In command of the 7th Texas, he fought and was captured at Fort Donelson. Shortly after being exchanged on August 15, 1862, Gregg was promoted to brigadier general and commanded a brigade in the Vicksburg Campaign, fighting at Raymond and Jackson, MS. In the battle of Chickamauga, Gregg was severely wounded when he rode ahead of his own brigade, too close to an enemy skirmish line, and was shot in the neck. Hood's Texas Brigade just so happened to stumble across Gregg lying wounded on the field, helping him and his horse to the rear. After recovering from his wounds, Gregg was given command of the very brigade that had saved him at Chickamauga, replacing Robertson. He led the Texans in the Overland Campaign - including the "Lee to the rear" incident at the Wilderness - and into the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign. In the Texas Brigade's last charge of the war at the battle of Darbytown and New Market Roads on October 7, 1864, Gregg was shot in the neck a second time and died of his wounds. His widow, Mary Garth Gregg, traveled through the lines to retrieve his body. Gregg was laid to rest at the Odd Fellows Cemetery in Aberdeen, Mississippi. Taylor Brothers, Privates Emzy Taylor (left) and G. M. Taylor, Company E, "Lone Star Guards" 4th Texas Infantry. Emzy Taylor enlisted July 13, 1861 at Waco. He received a discharge for disability for some sort of pulmonary disorder on December 4, 1861. He would later raise a company of the 16th Texas Infantry and fought in the Red River Campaign. G. M. Taylor enlisted July 13, 1861 at Waco. He was wounded in the arm at Gaines Mill, June 27, 1862. He was sick in hospital at Richmond for most of the first half of 1863, and probably missed the Gettysburg campaign. He surrendered and was paroled at Appomattox in April, 1865. Pvt. Jacob F. Lown, Co. H, "Porter Guards," 4th Texas Infantry. Lown enlisted at Grimes County (Anderson?) on March 14, 1862. He was wounded in the battle of Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1862, and was captured near Knoxville in late 1863. He died at the U.S. Military General Hospital at Louisville on January 18, 1863, and was buried in Grave 71, Range 2, of Cave Hill Cemetery there. Pvt. Valerius Cincinnatus Giles, born in Shelby County, Tennessee, Jan. 26, 1843, but in 1849 he and his family settled on a farm near Austin, Texas. At 18 he enlisted in the Tom Green Rifles, Co. B of the 4th Texas Infantry. He served with the Texas Brigade from 1861 to mid 1864, until he was captured at Wauhatchie (aka Raccoon Mountain by the Texans) on Oct. 29, 1863. Giles was sent to Camp Morton, though he managed to escape soon after, later joining Walker Taylor's cavalry command in Kentucky, which he served with for the remainder of the war. Giles later authored the memoir, Rags and Hope. Rufus K. Fielder (left) and his cousin Miers Fielder in Co. E, 5th Texas Infantry. Coming from a prominent and wealthy family in South Carolina, Rufus Felder accompanied his widowed mother and four siblings to a new family plantation in Chappell Hill, Texas, in 1855. Many wealthy families from across the South settled into the Chappell Hill area, for the Brazos floodplains yielded good cotton. Rufus was a student at Soule University when the war began; at 21 years old, he and his cousin Miers (29) enlisted in Capt. John Rogers' Dixie Blues at Washington, Texas, on July 11, 1861. Rufus served with the Texas Brigade throughout the war until Appomattox, although his cousin Miers was discharged due to wounds at Second Manassas. Max Cabaniss, Co. B, 5th Texas Infantry. Died January 4, 1862, of disease while the Fifth Texas was in winter quarters near Dumfries, Virginia. Lt. James Rodgers Loughridge, Co. I, "Navarro Rifles," 4th Texas Infantry. Born on November 12, 1821 in Laurens, SC, Loughridge later moved to Corsicana, Texas to practice law. He founded the first newspaper in Corsicana, the Prairie Blade, in 1855. That same year Loughridge married Mary Felicia Martin of Corn Ridge, Tennessee; they had six children. I'm not certain where he started, but after the war began Loughridge found himself elected 1st Lieutenant in Co. I, 4th Texas Infantry. He was wounded at Gaines' Mill in June 1862. On July 21, 1863, after Capt. Clinton M. Winkler was wounded at the battle of Gettysburg, Loughridge was promoted to captain of his company. He was cited for bravery at the battle of Chickamauga and then resigned from the army on November 10, 1863, upon his election to the Texas House of Representatives. After the Civil War, Loughridge owned a cotton warehouse at Loughridge Bluff on the Trinity River near Rural Shade and Kerens. He served on a committee that convinced the Houston and Texas Central Railroad to go through Corsicana and was active in veterans' affairs with the Hood's Brigade Association. He died on November 10, 1886, and was buried in Ingram Cemetery near Rural Shade. Capt. Ike Turner, Co. K, 5th Texas Infantry. Isaac Newton Moreland "Ike" Turner was born in Putnam County, Georgia. His father, Joseph A. Sidney Turner, a veteran of the Texas Revolution, was a plantation owner with Texas land holdings in Polk and Liberty Counties. The Turner family moved to Texas prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. Ike Turner helped to organize and train a mounted artillery company of 80 Polk County volunteers for the Confederacy. Turner, who was elected captain, assembled his company at the county courthouse in Livingston on Sept. 3, 1861. Upon receiving the company flag from the ladies of Polk County, he waved his cap and told them he would send "each man back a hero." The company was later converted to infantry and would become Co. K of the 5th Texas Infantry. At 22 years, Captain Turner was the youngest company commander in Hood's Texas Brigade, though one of the best. He was known as a gifted "outpost officer", often taking command of the skirmish or picket line; he also temporarily assumed command of the regiment at both Second Manassas and Sharpsburg. It was said that Turner "was a brave and daring officer, quick to observe any advantage in position, prompt to take action thereunder...." He was breveted major with the idea that the rank would become permanent and Turner would organize and command a sharpshooter battalion in the Texas Brigade. However, in 1863, while the brigade was stationed at Fort Huger during the Suffolk Campaign, Turner stood atop the parapet and was, ironically, shot by a sharpshooter from across the James River. Mortally wounded, his last request to his men was, "Men, if you can, please take me home to my mother, for I fear she will worry so about me.", though he died the fallowing day. Captain Turner's brother, Charles, took his body by train to be buried at the family's former plantation "Turnwold" near Milledgeville, Georgia. Family legend has maintained that it was Captain Turner's wish to be buried in his family's cemetery in Texas. In 1994 his remains were disinterred and transported from Georgia to Texas and reburied among his family members. Lt. Col. Benjamin Franklin Carter, Co. B, "Tom Green Rifles," 4th Texas Infantry. Mayor of Austin, Texas 1858-59. Benjamin Franklin Carter was born in 1831, in Maury County, Tennessee, and graduated from Jackson College, in Columbia, Tenn. He relocated to Texas and served as Mayor of Austin, and as an attorney before the war. On July 11, 1861, Carter was commissioned Captain of Company B of the 4th Texas Infantry, being promoted to major on June 27, 1862, and lieutenant colonel on July 10, 1862. Lt. Col. Carter was mortally wounded by shell fragment in the face and legs as he attacked the western slope of Little Round Top at Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. Carter died on July 21, but after much difficulty finding a local cemetery that would accept the Confederate officer's remains, Carter was finally interred in the cemetery of the Methodist Church in an unmarked grave. Philip Alexander Work, Colonel of the 1st Texas Infantry. Born in Cloverport, Ky. on February 17, 1832, Philip A. Work and his family moved to Velasco, Texas in 1838 and several years later settled in Town Bluff, Tyler County. After receiving a good education, Philip Work was admitted to the bar in Woodville in 1853. In 1854 he enlisted and served with the rank of first sergeant for four months in Capt. John G. Walker's Co. B, Mounted Battalion of Texas Volunteers. Work was one of the two delegates from Tyler County to the Secession Convention in 1861, but before the convention reconvened on March 2 he resigned to raise a company of Texas militia, known locally as the Woodville Rifles. When it was mustered into the Confederate Army at New Orleans in May 1861 it became Co. F of the 1st Texas Infantry. By mid 1863, Work had been promoted to Major and later elected Lt. Colonel. After Col. Alexis T. Rainey was wounded at Gaines' Mill, Lt. Col. Work took command of the regiment. Thereafter, Work commanded the 1st Texas Infantry in the battles of Second Manassas, Boonesboro Gap, Sharpsburg/Antietam, and Gettysburg. He was one of the 40 (out of 226) in the regiment that made it out of the infamous Cornfield at Antietam unscathed. Also to note, his father, Dr. John Work, was assistant surgeon of the 1st Texas Infantry from October 1862 to July 1864. Work became ill on Sept. 18, 1863, before the battle of Chickamauga, and had no further field service with his regiment; his resignation as lieutenant colonel of the 1st Texas Infantry on Nov. 12, 1863, was accepted by the War Department in Jan. 1864. He returned to Texas and, after recovering his health, raised and commanded a company in Col. David Smith Terry's Texas Cavalry regiment from the fall of 1864 to the end of the war. Work resumed his law practice in Woodville, but in October 1865 he moved to New Orleans, where he practiced law and was in the steamboat business. After 1874 he resided in Hardin County, Texas, where he attained eminence as a land lawyer. He also was the owner of the steamboat Tom Parker, which navigated the Neches River. In his later years Work wrote several accounts of his wartime experiences, but only fragments of these manuscripts have been preserved. At Woodville on May 8, 1855, he was married to Adeline F. Lea, and they were the parents of four children. Work died on March 17, 1911, and was buried in the old Hardin Cemetery near Kountze. Sgt. George A. Branard, color-bearer of the 1st Texas Infantry. Born on Galveston Island on January 5, 1843, Branard enlisted in Co. L, "Lone Star Rifles" of the 1st Texas Infantry. He was said to have been one of the bravest men in the regiment. At Gettysburg, Branard famously planted the First's colors at the summit of Houck's Ridge on July 2, 1863. After being wounded by a shell, he refused to pass on the flag until he fell unconscious and was carried to the rear by his comrades. He was wounded a second time in the Knoxville Campaign, losing his arm. Afterward, he was reassigned as sergeant in the ambulance corps, and remained in that position until the end of the war. He returned home to Texas, married and had ten children, and never missed a Texas Brigade reunion.