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Men of Hood's Texas Brigade

Discussion in 'Period Civil War Photos & Examinations' started by AUG351, Dec 1, 2013.

  1. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

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    GenHood2.jpg
    Of course we can't leave out John Bell Hood. Most are aware of Hood's time as a division commander in the ANV and later for his unsuccessful (to put it lightly) career as a corps and army commander in the AoT. But before all of that Hood was was only colonel of the 4th Texas Infantry and later brigadier general in command of the Texas Brigade. In April 1861, Hood resigned his commission from the U.S. Army and enlisted in the Confederate Army at Montgomery, AL, the next month. He was first commissioned a captain, though Hood wished to fight for his adopted state. After Col. Robert T. P. Allen of the 4th Texas Infantry resigned, Hood was appointed colonel of the regiment in Sept. 1861. He drilled the 4th Texas thoroughly in fall of that year but still managed to earn the Texans' respect - to the point where they would fallow him anywhere.

    On Feb. 20, 1862, Hood assumed command of the Texas Brigade and was officially promoted to brigadier general on March 3, 1862. He commanded the brigade throughout the Peninsula Campaign and into the Seven Days. In the Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27, Hood took his place among the ranks of the 4th Texas Infantry and personally led the famed charge up and over the Union line across Boatswain's Creek. The Texas Brigade was the first to break the Federal line at Gaines' Mill, and in the process captured a total of 14 artillery pieces, dozens of prisoners, and turned back a cavalry charge. In July 1862, Hood assumed command of the division after the former commander left on medical furlough. He was promoted to major general in October of that year and given full command of the division. From there Hood's record moves away from the brigade, but Hood's Texas Brigade would forever bear his name, and he would always be known as their favorite brigade commander.

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    Brig. Gen. Jerome B. Robertson.
    Robertson, originally born in Kentucky, later moved to and accepted Texas as his adopted state. In 1861, Robertson raised a volunteer company - later Co. I of the 5th Texas Infantry. He was elevated through the ranks, promoted to lieutenant colonel in November 1861 and to colonel on June 1, 1862. He had fought with the regiment in the Peninsula Campaign, the Seven Days and Second Manassas, and was wounded in the latter. He was overcome by exhaustion at South Mountain and was carried from the field, missing the battle of Antietam.

    Overall, Robertson was popular among the troops and was given the nickname "Aunt Polly" because he was always concerned with their well-being. After the promotion of Hood, Robertson was promoted to brigadier general on November 1, 1862. He commanded the Texas Brigade in the Gettysburg Campaign (in which he was wounded), at Chickamauga, and in the Knoxville Campaign. But due to tension amongst Longstreet's Corps in the Knoxville Campaign, Longstreet filed charges against Robertson alleging delinquency of duty and accusing him of pessimistic remarks. Robertson was reprimanded, replaced as commander of the Texas Brigade and transferred to Texas, where he commanded the state reserve forces until the end of the war. He was sorely missed by the troops of the brigade; in the words of Joe Polley, Co. F, 4th Texas, "The Texas Brigade heartily approved of his course, and its survivors are yet grateful to him for the firm stand he took and for the interest and fatherly solicitude he always manifested in the well-being of his men."

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    Brig. Gen. John Gregg, the Texas Brigade's last brigadier general.
    John Gregg - originally from Alabama but later moved to Fairview, Texas - had organized and commanded the 7th Texas Infantry after the war began. In command of the 7th Texas, he fought and was captured at Fort Donelson. Shortly after being exchanged on August 15, 1862, Gregg was promoted to brigadier general and commanded a brigade in the Vicksburg Campaign, fighting at Raymond and Jackson, MS.

    In the battle of Chickamauga, Gregg was severely wounded when he rode ahead of his own brigade, too close to an enemy skirmish line, and was shot in the neck. Hood's Texas Brigade just so happened to stumble across Gregg lying wounded on the field, helping him and his horse to the rear. After recovering from his wounds, Gregg was given command of the very brigade that had saved him at Chickamauga, replacing Robertson.

    He led the Texans in the Overland Campaign - including the "Lee to the rear" incident at the Wilderness - and into the Richmond-Petersburg Campaign. In the Texas Brigade's last charge of the war at the battle of Darbytown and New Market Roads on October 7, 1864, Gregg was shot in the neck a second time and died of his wounds. His widow, Mary Garth Gregg, traveled through the lines to retrieve his body. Gregg was laid to rest at the Odd Fellows Cemetery in Aberdeen, Mississippi.

    Private_Emzy_Taylor_left_Confederate_from_Georgetown_Texas.jpg

    Taylor Brothers, Privates Emzy Taylor (left) and G. M. Taylor, Company E, "Lone Star Guards" 4th Texas Infantry. Emzy Taylor enlisted July 13, 1861 at Waco. He received a discharge for disability for some sort of pulmonary disorder on December 4, 1861. He would later raise a company of the 16th Texas Infantry and fought in the Red River Campaign. G. M. Taylor enlisted July 13, 1861 at Waco. He was wounded in the arm at Gaines Mill, June 27, 1862. He was sick in hospital at Richmond for most of the first half of 1863, and probably missed the Gettysburg campaign. He surrendered and was paroled at Appomattox in April, 1865.

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    Pvt. Jacob F. Lown, Co. H, "Porter Guards," 4th Texas Infantry.
    Lown enlisted at Grimes County (Anderson?) on March 14, 1862. He was wounded in the battle of Gaines' Mill, June 27, 1862, and was captured near Knoxville in late 1863. He died at the U.S. Military General Hospital at Louisville on January 18, 1863, and was buried in Grave 71, Range 2, of Cave Hill Cemetery there.

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    Pvt. Valerius Cincinnatus Giles, born in Shelby County, Tennessee, Jan. 26, 1843, but in 1849 he and his family settled on a farm near Austin, Texas. At 18 he enlisted in the Tom Green Rifles, Co. B of the 4th Texas Infantry. He served with the Texas Brigade from 1861 to mid 1864, until he was captured at Wauhatchie (aka Raccoon Mountain by the Texans) on Oct. 29, 1863. Giles was sent to Camp Morton, though he managed to escape soon after, later joining Walker Taylor's cavalry command in Kentucky, which he served with for the remainder of the war. Giles later authored the memoir, Rags and Hope.

    Rufus K. Fielder and cousin Miers Fielder, Co. E, 5th Texas Infantry.png

    Rufus K. Fielder (left) and his cousin Miers Fielder in Co. E, 5th Texas Infantry. Coming from a prominent and wealthy family in South Carolina, Rufus Felder accompanied his widowed mother and four siblings to a new family plantation in Chappell Hill, Texas, in 1855. Many wealthy families from across the South settled into the Chappell Hill area, for the Brazos floodplains yielded good cotton. Rufus was a student at Soule University when the war began; at 21 years old, he and his cousin Miers (29) enlisted in Capt. John Rogers' Dixie Blues at Washington, Texas, on July 11, 1861. Rufus served with the Texas Brigade throughout the war until Appomattox, although his cousin Miers was discharged due to wounds at Second Manassas.

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    Max Cabaniss, Co. B, 5th Texas Infantry.
    Died January 4, 1862, of disease while the Fifth Texas was in winter quarters near Dumfries, Virginia.

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    Lt. James Rodgers Loughridge, Co. I, "Navarro Rifles," 4th Texas Infantry.
    Born on November 12, 1821 in Laurens, SC, Loughridge later moved to Corsicana, Texas to practice law. He founded the first newspaper in Corsicana, the Prairie Blade, in 1855. That same year Loughridge married Mary Felicia Martin of Corn Ridge, Tennessee; they had six children. I'm not certain where he started, but after the war began Loughridge found himself elected 1st Lieutenant in Co. I, 4th Texas Infantry. He was wounded at Gaines' Mill in June 1862. On July 21, 1863, after Capt. Clinton M. Winkler was wounded at the battle of Gettysburg, Loughridge was promoted to captain of his company. He was cited for bravery at the battle of Chickamauga and then resigned from the army on November 10, 1863, upon his election to the Texas House of Representatives. After the Civil War, Loughridge owned a cotton warehouse at Loughridge Bluff on the Trinity River near Rural Shade and Kerens. He served on a committee that convinced the Houston and Texas Central Railroad to go through Corsicana and was active in veterans' affairs with the Hood's Brigade Association. He died on November 10, 1886, and was buried in Ingram Cemetery near Rural Shade.

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    Capt. Ike Turner, Co. K, 5th Texas Infantry.
    Isaac Newton Moreland "Ike" Turner was born in Putnam County, Georgia. His father, Joseph A. Sidney Turner, a veteran of the Texas Revolution, was a plantation owner with Texas land holdings in Polk and Liberty Counties. The Turner family moved to Texas prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. Ike Turner helped to organize and train a mounted artillery company of 80 Polk County volunteers for the Confederacy. Turner, who was elected captain, assembled his company at the county courthouse in Livingston on Sept. 3, 1861. Upon receiving the company flag from the ladies of Polk County, he waved his cap and told them he would send "each man back a hero." The company was later converted to infantry and would become Co. K of the 5th Texas Infantry.

    At 22 years, Captain Turner was the youngest company commander in Hood's Texas Brigade, though one of the best. He was known as a gifted "outpost officer", often taking command of the skirmish or picket line; he also temporarily assumed command of the regiment at both Second Manassas and Sharpsburg. It was said that Turner "was a brave and daring officer, quick to observe any advantage in position, prompt to take action thereunder...." He was breveted major with the idea that the rank would become permanent and Turner would organize and command a sharpshooter battalion in the Texas Brigade. However, in 1863, while the brigade was stationed at Fort Huger during the Suffolk Campaign, Turner stood atop the parapet and was, ironically, shot by a sharpshooter from across the James River. Mortally wounded, his last request to his men was, "Men, if you can, please take me home to my mother, for I fear she will worry so about me.", though he died the fallowing day.

    Captain Turner's brother, Charles, took his body by train to be buried at the family's former plantation "Turnwold" near Milledgeville, Georgia. Family legend has maintained that it was Captain Turner's wish to be buried in his family's cemetery in Texas. In 1994 his remains were disinterred and transported from Georgia to Texas and reburied among his family members.

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    Lt. Col. Benjamin Franklin Carter, Co. B, "Tom Green Rifles," 4th Texas Infantry.
    Mayor of Austin, Texas 1858-59. Benjamin Franklin Carter was born in 1831, in Maury County, Tennessee, and graduated from Jackson College, in Columbia, Tenn. He relocated to Texas and served as Mayor of Austin, and as an attorney before the war. On July 11, 1861, Carter was commissioned Captain of Company B of the 4th Texas Infantry, being promoted to major on June 27, 1862, and lieutenant colonel on July 10, 1862. Lt. Col. Carter was mortally wounded by shell fragment in the face and legs as he attacked the western slope of Little Round Top at Gettysburg on July 2, 1863. Carter died on July 21, but after much difficulty finding a local cemetery that would accept the Confederate officer's remains, Carter was finally interred in the cemetery of the Methodist Church in an unmarked grave.

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    Philip Alexander Work, Colonel of the 1st Texas Infantry.
    Born in Cloverport, Ky. on February 17, 1832, Philip A. Work and his family moved to Velasco, Texas in 1838 and several years later settled in Town Bluff, Tyler County. After receiving a good education, Philip Work was admitted to the bar in Woodville in 1853. In 1854 he enlisted and served with the rank of first sergeant for four months in Capt. John G. Walker's Co. B, Mounted Battalion of Texas Volunteers. Work was one of the two delegates from Tyler County to the Secession Convention in 1861, but before the convention reconvened on March 2 he resigned to raise a company of Texas militia, known locally as the Woodville Rifles. When it was mustered into the Confederate Army at New Orleans in May 1861 it became Co. F of the 1st Texas Infantry.

    By mid 1863, Work had been promoted to Major and later elected Lt. Colonel. After Col. Alexis T. Rainey was wounded at Gaines' Mill, Lt. Col. Work took command of the regiment. Thereafter, Work commanded the 1st Texas Infantry in the battles of Second Manassas, Boonesboro Gap, Sharpsburg/Antietam, and Gettysburg. He was one of the 40 (out of 226) in the regiment that made it out of the infamous Cornfield at Antietam unscathed. Also to note, his father, Dr. John Work, was assistant surgeon of the 1st Texas Infantry from October 1862 to July 1864. Work became ill on Sept. 18, 1863, before the battle of Chickamauga, and had no further field service with his regiment; his resignation as lieutenant colonel of the 1st Texas Infantry on Nov. 12, 1863, was accepted by the War Department in Jan. 1864.

    He returned to Texas and, after recovering his health, raised and commanded a company in Col. David Smith Terry's Texas Cavalry regiment from the fall of 1864 to the end of the war. Work resumed his law practice in Woodville, but in October 1865 he moved to New Orleans, where he practiced law and was in the steamboat business. After 1874 he resided in Hardin County, Texas, where he attained eminence as a land lawyer. He also was the owner of the steamboat Tom Parker, which navigated the Neches River. In his later years Work wrote several accounts of his wartime experiences, but only fragments of these manuscripts have been preserved. At Woodville on May 8, 1855, he was married to Adeline F. Lea, and they were the parents of four children. Work died on March 17, 1911, and was buried in the old Hardin Cemetery near Kountze.

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    Sgt. George A. Branard, color-bearer of the 1st Texas Infantry.
    Born on Galveston Island on January 5, 1843, Branard enlisted in Co. L, "Lone Star Rifles" of the 1st Texas Infantry. He was said to have been one of the bravest men in the regiment. At Gettysburg, Branard famously planted the First's colors at the summit of Houck's Ridge on July 2, 1863. After being wounded by a shell, he refused to pass on the flag until he fell unconscious and was carried to the rear by his comrades. He was wounded a second time in the Knoxville Campaign, losing his arm. Afterward, he was reassigned as sergeant in the ambulance corps, and remained in that position until the end of the war. He returned home to Texas, married and had ten children, and never missed a Texas Brigade reunion.
     
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  3. AndyHall

    AndyHall Lt. Colonel Forum Host

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    Daffanc1895.jpg
    Pvt. Lawrence Daffan, Co. G, Fourth Texas. Photo c. 1895.
     
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  4. FrenchZouave

    FrenchZouave Corporal

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    Excellent post..awesome photos and varients of uniforms. Thanks very much.

    Regards,
    Michael
     
  5. AndyHall

    AndyHall Lt. Colonel Forum Host

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    BenjaminFCarter.jpg

    Colonel Carter of the Fourth Texas died of his wounds after Gettysburg, after lingering for a long time. Three years ago there was an article in the North Texas Herald Democrat about the placement of a marker at his grave in Gettysburg. I started a post about that story, and Carter, but never finished it.

    __________

    In an interesting two-part story from the North Texas Herald Democrat, an officer of the 4th Texas Infantry killed at Little Round Top gets a grave marker in Pennsylvania:

    [Lieutenant Colonel] Carter asked the doctor if there might be some gentleman in town to whom he could appeal for a Christian burial. When the doctor told McClure the story, McClure went to the hospital to visit Carter.

    Within days Carter died and McClure asked that he be buried in the Presbyterian burial grounds. The request was unanimously denied by the church members. Every other church in town also refused to allow Carter to be buried in their cemeteries.

    Finally, with help from a member of the Methodist Church, a burial plot was allowed in the Methodist Cemetery and Carter received a Christian burial there.

    For 33 years Carter lay in that grave with a granite headstone until the cemetery was sold, along with the Methodist Church, to the Brethren congregation. When the church decided to enlarge its facilities, the only way it could build was into the burial grounds.

    Forty-seven graves of people who had no one to claim their bones, including Carter's, were disinterred and taken to the Cedar Grove Cemetery and buried in a single grave with no head stone. It was said that Carter's stone probably was used as ballast when the concrete was poured for the new section of the church.​

    Benjamin F. Carter was born in Tennessee in 1831. At the time of the 1850 census, eighteen-year-old Carter was teaching school in Giles County, Tennessee. After completing Jackson College, he relocated to Austin, where he worked as an attorney. He served a term two consecutive one-year terms as Austin's mayor in 1858 and 1859. In the 1860 census, he is listed as 29 years old, with a wife Louisa and two daughters, ages 1 and 3. He reported owning $2,000 worth of real estate, but did not report any personal property. He is not listed that year as a slaveholder.

    With the coming of the war he organized a company called the Tom Green Rifles, that ultimately became Company B of the 4th Texas Infantry. Van C. Giles, a member of Carter's company, noted years later that the entire regiment was teeming with members of the bar:

    Of the ten original captains who went to war in Virginia with the Fourth Texas regiment in 1861, six of them were lawyers, two merchants, one a farmer and one a stockman. Of the thirty lieutenants, nearly one-third were lawyers. Of the fifty sergeants, fifteen were lawyers, and of the 1500 men who served in that old regiment from the beginning to the finish, there was no end to lawyers and law students. Of course there were not enough offices in the regiment for all of them. Lawyers in war are like lawyers in peace, they go for all that's in sight. They held the best places in the army and they hold the best places in civil life. It's a mighty cold day when a lawyer gets left if chicken pie is on the bill of fare.​

    Even among the lawyer-soldiers of the 4th Texas, though, Carter stood out:

    Captain B. F. Carter of Company B was far above the average of men as you meet them. Intellectually, he had no superior in the regiments. A fine lawyer, a natural born soldier, he was a strict disciplinarian, but practical and just in all things. He possessed the gift of knowing how to explain every maneuver set down in Hardee's Tactics so thoroughly that the biggest blockhead in the ranks could understand them Physically he was not strong and the long marches used to weary him very much. On those occasions, to help him along, the boys would divide up his luggage, one taking his sword and belt, another his haversack and canteen another his blanket, and so forth. By this means we managed to keep him up. . . .

    There was not an officer in Hood's Texas Brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia who was more universally loved and admired by the soldiers of that old command than Lieutenant Colonel Ben F. Carter of the Fourth Texas Regiment, whom I have mentioned earlier.

    He was the very soul of honor, full of the milk of human kindness, yet at times he appeared harsh and cruel, especially to those who did not know and understand him. . . .

    After our arrival at Richmond [Virginia] in the summer of 1861, many of the men were sick from exposure and change in climate. They were sent to various hospitals in the city. Captain Carter would send someone every day to see how his boys were getting along, but would never go in person to see them. He would buy and send them little delicacies, and to some of the prodigal fellows who never had a cent he often sent money.He manifested the greatest interest in his men and nothing the quartermaster could issue was too good for old Company B -- but he strictly avoided coming in contact with the sick and wounded.

    He often spoke of this peculiarity, or apparent indifference, explaining it by saying that he could not bear to see any one suffer, and that he had a perfect horror of a sick room.
    Giles was writing long after the war, of course, so his profile of Carter undoubtedly includes a certain nostalgia, along with the knowledge that Carter did not survive the war. Nonetheless, it offers a vivid portrait of the man, and evinces affection and respect.

    Part 2 of the article is here.
     
    Last edited: Dec 1, 2013
  6. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

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    Thanks, I was just updating Lt. Col. Banjamin F. Carter after finding him on Find a Grave
    http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=24692107
     
    Last edited: Dec 1, 2013
  7. AndyHall

    AndyHall Lt. Colonel Forum Host

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    Val Giles in 1861 and 1897:

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  8. Joe Walker

    Joe Walker Private

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    Capt. Joe Smith, company "E" -Waco- is most likely still buried among the rocks at Devil's Den. It has been determined a board or something similar was placed at his grave prior to the retreat. When the good ladies hired the team to remove the Confederate dead, the farmer who owned the land said he "had seen the marker for a couple of years, but now was gone". I suppose he is still there..........anyone else heard any more on this? He is the officer that soaked his white handkerchief in Plum Run and while wiping his brow was hit several times.
     
  9. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

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    A few photos of the 1st Texas Infantry, Hood's Texas Brigade in winter quarters near Dumfries, Virginia, during the winter of 1861-1862. Note how in late 1861 the 1st Texas Infantry was issued single-breasted frock coats with black cuffs, gray trousers with black seam stripes, and forage caps with brass letters designating their company and regiment.

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    1st-Texas-Camp-Quantico-Rosenberg-Library-Collection.jpg
     
    Last edited: Sep 24, 2016
  10. DixieRifles

    DixieRifles 1st Lieutenant

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    Amazing stories.
    Great photos especially of the early uniforms of the 4 Texas.
     
  11. Joe Walker

    Joe Walker Private

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    I have discovered the name of the man on the far right of the photo with "Seven Pines" on it. I have given the information to a team of historians who are writing a book on the unit...........please stand by. I will say he is NOT a member of the Galveston company Mr. Hall.
     
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  12. Joe Walker

    Joe Walker Private

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    Dixie Rifles-

    The man I mention in the Seven Pines photo was originally from your neck of the woods-
     
  13. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

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    [​IMG]
    We can't leave out Joseph Benjamin (J. B.) Polley, Quarter Master Sergeant in the 4th Texas Infantry and later historian of the Texas Brigade, author of Hood's Texas Brigade: Its Marches, Its Battles, Its Achievements. The above is a postwar photo.

    Polley was born near Bailey’s Prairie, Brazoria County, Texas, on October 27, 1840, the sixth of eleven children of Joseph Henry and Mary (Bailey) Polley. His family had historical Texas roots. His father Joseph Henry Polley a native of New York, first came to Texas with pioneer Moses Austin in 1819 and returned with Stephen F. Austin in 1821 as one of the Old Three Hundred colonists. In 1847 the Polley family moved to a farm on Cibolo Creek about thirty miles east of San Antonio.

    In 1861 Polley graduated from Florence Wesleyan University at Florence, AL, and returned to Texas to enlist in Company F, Mustang Greys, of the 4th Texas Infantry. Sergeant Polley fought in many of the major battles the brigade was in. He received a head wound at the battle of Gaines Mills in 1862, and lost his right foot at the battle of Darbytown Road near Richmond on October 7, 1864.

    After returning to Texas at the end of the war, he was admitted to the Texas bar in 1868 and established a law practice until 1876, when he moved to Floresville. In 1866 he married Mattie LeGette, and the couple had four children. Polley was elected commander of the Texas Division of the United Confederate Veterans, and he was also an active member and leader of Hood’s Texas Brigade Association. He would later author A Soldier’s Letters to Charming Nellie (1908) and Hood’s Texas Brigade: Its Marches, Its Battles, Its Achievements (1910). He also wrote articles for San Antonio Express and Confederate Veteran. Polley attended the yearly Hood’s Texas Brigade Association reunions up until shortly before his death. He died on February 2, 1918 in Floresville, Texas and is buried in the city cemetery.

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    Col. Robert Micajah "Mike" Powell, 5th Texas Infantry

    Robert Micajah "Mike" Powell, Confederate officer, was born on September 23, 1826, in Montgomery County, Alabama, to George Francis Powell and Nancy (Williamson) Powell. Powell moved to Brenham, Washington County, Texas, in 1849 and partnered with his uncle, R. M. "Three-Legged Willie" Williamson, in his legal practice. Powell married Elizabeth Green Wood (the daughter of wealthy planter Maj. Green Wood) on November 27, 1851. He purchased a 176-acre farm the following year, and the couple had one child before Elizabeth died in 1856. Powell represented Montgomery County in the Seventh Texas Legislature from 1857 to 1858, and in 1860 he had $21,700 in personal real estate.

    Powell first served as captain of Company D of the Fifth Texas Infantry during the Civil War. Company D included men from Walker and Montgomery counties. He was promoted to major on August 22, 1862, and began to serve at the regimental headquarters. He rose quickly in the ranks and became lieutenant colonel on August 30, 1862, and then was promoted to colonel and began to command the Fifth Texas Infantry in November 1862. At Gettysburg he was wounded and captured on July 2, 1863. Union forces treated his wound and then imprisoned him at Johnson's Island Federal Prison, Sandusky, Ohio. On January 27, 1865, Powell was transferred to Fortress Monroe before being paroled a few days later on February 6. He returned to the Confederacy and took command of the Texas Brigade from Frederick S. Bass. Powell led the unit until its surrender at Appomattox on April 12, 1865.

    By 1867 Powell had moved to Baltimore, Maryland, where he worked as a merchant and cotton broker. He had also remarried, in 1865 on his return to the Fifth Texas from prison, this time to Elizabeth Grace. The couple had a son and daughter. In 1882 Powell moved his family to St. Louis, Missouri, where he died on January 15, 1916, at eighty-nine years of age. He is buried at Cavalry Cemetery in that city.
    http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fpo73

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    Francis Logan Woodward, Co. B, "Tom Green Rifles" of the 4th Texas Infantry; died in a Richmond Hospital of a spider bite, November 10, 1861.

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    Private D.M. Walker of Navarro County, Texas, member of the "Corsicana Invincibles" that formed part of the "Marshall Guards," Co. E, 1st Texas Infantry. Discharged prior to Second Manassas for underage; chose to remain for the Second Manassas battle to fight with his friends and was killed in action.

    Franklin B. Chilton, Co. H, 4th Texas Infantry.jpg
    Born in Marion, Alabama, Frank Bowden Chilton (1845-1926) was the son of Reverend Thomas and Louisa Chilton. In 1851, he moved with his family to Houston, Texas, relocating two years later to Montgomery, Texas. During the Civil War, Chilton enlisted in Hood’s Brigade, Company H of the 4th Texas Regiment in the Confederate Army. Although underage at the time of his enlistment, Chilton fought in many of the major battles with the brigade: Gaines' Mill, Second Manassass, Gettysburg, and Chickamauga.

    Following the war, he passed the Texas State Bar and settled in Marlin, Texas. He became a leading member of Hood's Texas Brigade Association and published a great short book on the dedication of the Hood's Texas Brigade Monument on October 26-27, 1910. Speeches about the brigade, short biograhies of some of the soldiers, and history of the brigade are throughout the book.

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    Another image of F. B. Chilton, taken after the war.

    Sgt. Albert Polk Brown and Pvt. Lycurgus McNeal Brown, Co. A, 4th Texas Infantry.jpg
    Brothers, Sgt. Albert Polk Brown and Pvt. Lycurgus McNeal Brown, Co. A "Hardeman Rifles", 4th Texas Infantry. Lycyrgus died of disease December 27, 1861, in Dumfries, Va. Albert was wounded at Gaines' Mill and later died of his wounds on July 16, 1862.

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    Two members of Hood's Texas Brigade pose for a formal photo during a reunion that took place in Floresville, Texas on October 13, 1915. Pictured left to right are R.V. Arnold of Rockdale, Texas and H. W. Berryman of Cherokee County, Texas. Both gentlemen are wearing their reunion ribbons.

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    Another photo of Brig. Gen. John Gregg, last brigadier general of the Texas Brigade.
     
    Last edited: Feb 22, 2017
  14. AndyHall

    AndyHall Lt. Colonel Forum Host

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    There are a number of folks here at CWT who have connections to Hood's Brigade, so this thread could go on a long, long time.
     
  15. TinCan

    TinCan Captain Forum Host

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    I like those shirts the two on the left have on.
     
  16. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

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    I certainly hope so :D

    And thank you all for the replies and additional photos/information!
     
    Last edited: Sep 11, 2015
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  17. AndyHall

    AndyHall Lt. Colonel Forum Host

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    Not sure why you mention me, as I have not said anything about the "Seven Pines" photo. However, that second photo was the subject of a nice bit of detective work published in 2011 in Civil War Times:

    _________

    [​IMG]

    The new issue of Civil War Times features a neat bit of detective work by Rick Eiserman, who discovered the likely photographer behind the famous images of the Texas Brigade in its winter quarters near Dumfries, Virginia, in the winter of 1861-62. Eiserman came upon the critical reference while doing more generalized research on the Texas Brigade, in the papers of two Galveston soldiers, William and Charles Schadt:

    The Schadts wrote several letters from their Dumfries encampment at Camp Wigfall during 1861-62. I was halfway through an April 2, 1862, letter from William when the words seemed to jump off the page: “When we were in winter quarters Tom Blessing in our company had some dauguean [sic] fixings send [sic] to him and he went to work taking pictures in [sic] we have had a picture taken of the mess you can see it by calling on Mr. Waters or F. Hitchcock either of them will let you have one to take a copy of if you want it.”

    My heart started racing as I read and reread that letter. After so many hours of searching specifically for the identity of the photographer, I’d found what I wanted when I wasn’t really anticipating it. The Dumfries photographer had actually been a soldier in the Texas Brigade. But who was this man who had obtained “dauguean fixings,” and how did he know what to do with them?

    It turns out that Solomon Thomas “Tom” Blessing, who did indeed serve with William Schadt in Company L, was one of three brothers who worked as professional photographers before and after the war. Between the three of them, they owned or operated studios in New Orleans, Houston and Galveston. Clearly he had the knowledge and skills to take the photographs.​

    This is good stuff, made better for me by the local connection of the photographer, and the archival source being the incomparable Galveston and Texas History Center at Rosenberg Library here. The Blessings were prolific photographers in the years after the war.
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    Last edited: Dec 1, 2013
  18. CMWinkler

    CMWinkler Brigadier General Moderator Forum Host

    Joined:
    Oct 17, 2012
    Messages:
    13,204
    Location:
    Middle Tennessee
    C M Winkler Colorized.jpg
    My namesake, Captain Clinton McKamy Winkler, Co. I "Navarro Rifles," 4th Texas Infantry
    Commanded Co. I, until promoted to Major after Gettysburg while recovering from wounds there in Richmond. Promoted to Lt. Colonel on April 27, 1864 and in Command of the 4th at Appomattox.

    Val Giles describes him as the largest man in his company.
     
  19. AndyHall

    AndyHall Lt. Colonel Forum Host

    Joined:
    Dec 13, 2011
    Messages:
    12,374
    KatieDaffan.jpg

    There should be room for at least one woman in this thread, the only female member of the Hood's Texas Brigade Association. Katie Litty Daffan (1874-1951, eldest of Lawrence's six children), was an author, Superintendent of the Confederate Women's Home in Austin, three-time President of the Texas Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and Secretary of the Hood's Texas Brigade Association. She was a featured speaker and co-author at the dedication of the Hood's Texas Brigade Monument on the grounds of the State Capitol in Austin.

    There is a story -- I think it's in Simpson's Hood's Texas Brigade in Reunion and Memory -- that at the final reunion of the association, Katie waited around in the meeting room in the hotel for the old veterans to arrive. None did; the handful who had traveled to the reunion were too feeble to come downstairs in the hotel to the meeting. Katie slowly, solemnly called the roll, pausing after each name to listen carefully for a response. There was none. When she reached the end of the roll, with no response, she formally adjourned the meeting and closed the books on the Hood's Texas Brigade Association.
     
    Last edited: Dec 1, 2013
  20. AUG351

    AUG351 Captain Forum Host

    Joined:
    Nov 20, 2012
    Messages:
    6,138
    Location:
    Texas
    I didn't mean to leave out any Georgians, South Carolinians, or Arkansans from this thread, since the 18th Georgia, Hampton's SC Legion, and the 3rd Arkansas were also part of the brigade. They lived through just as much as any Texan of the brigade did and fought just as hard too. Not too many photos have turned up in my searches, these are the few I found:

    [​IMG]
    Capt. James L. Lemon, Co. A, 18th Georgia Infantry
    http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~allenatk/lemon.html

    [​IMG]
    Capt. D. L. Jarrett, Co. C, 18th Georgia Infantry
    http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~allenatk/jarrett.html

    [​IMG]
    Pvt. R. T. Gilbert, Co. D, 18th Georgia Infantry.
    29 years old enlisted in May or June of 1861 in Doughtery County, Georgia
    Wounded in the leg at Gettysburg Jul. 2, 1863. POW. Exchanged Nov. 12, 1863. Retired to Invalid Corps November 4, 1864, age 32.
     
    Last edited: Mar 27, 2017
  21. Joe Walker

    Joe Walker Private

    Joined:
    Mar 6, 2013
    Messages:
    184
    Hall-

    I mentioned you because you are in the Houston/Galveston area.............are you not?
     

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