★ ★  McDowell, Irvin

Irvin McDowell

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Born:
October 15, 1818

Birthplace: Columbus, Ohio

Father: Mayor Abram Irvin McDowell 1793 – 1844
(Buried: Green Lawn Cemetery, Columbus, Ohio)​
Mother: Eliza Selden Lord 1795 – 1849
(Buried: Green Lawn Cemetery, Columbus, Ohio)​
Wife: Helen Burden 1826 – 1891
(Buried: Albany Rural Cemetery, Menands, New York)​
Children:

Helen Eliza McDowell 1850 – 1937​
(Buried: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts)​
Irvin McDowell Jr. 1853 – 1868​
(Buried: Albany Rural Cemetery, Menands, New York)​
Henry Burden McDowell 1857 – 1928​
(Buried: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts)​
Eliza Seldon Lord McDowell 1863 – 1951​
(Buried: Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts)​

Education:

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1838:
Graduated from West Point Military Academy – (23rd in class)​

Occupation before War:

1838: Brevet 2nd Lt. United States Army, 1st Artillery​
1838 – 1842: 2nd Lt. United States Army, 1st Artillery​
1841: Assistant Infantry Tactics Instructor at West Point​
1841 – 1845: Adjutant at West Point Military Academy​
1842 – 1851: 1st Lt. United States Army, 1st Artillery​
1846 – 1847: Acting Assistant Adjutant General on Wool’s Staff​
1847: Brevetted Captain for Gallantry at Battle of Buena Vista, Mexico​
1847: Brevetted Captain and Assistant Adjutant General​
1856: Brevetted Major and Assistant Adjutant General​

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Civil War Service:


1861 – 1872: Brigadier General of United States Army​
1861: Commander of U.S. Army Forces at the U.S. Capitol​
1861: Commander of N.E. Virginia and Washington, D.C. Defenses​
1861: Commander of Union Army of the Potomac​
1861: Unsuccessful Union Army Commander First Battle of Bull Run​
1861 – 1862: Division Commander in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.​
1862 – 1866: Major General of Union Army Volunteers Infantry​
1863: Commander of 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac​
1862: Commander of 3rd Army Corps, Union Army of Virginia​
1862: Corps Commander at Battle of Cedar Mountain, Virginia​
1862: Corps Commander, First Battle of Rappahannock Station, Virginia​
1862: Corps Commander at Second Battle of Bull Run, Virginia​
1863 – 1864: Member of Board of Retiring Disabled Officers​
1864 – 1865: Commander, Union Army Department of the Pacific​
1865: Brevetted Major General for Gallantry at Cedar Mountain​
1865 – 1866: Commander Union Army Department of California​
1866: Mustered out of Volunteer Service on September 1st

Occupation after War:

1861 – 1872: Brigadier General of United States Army​
1868: Commander of Fourth Military District​
1868 – 1872: Commander, United States Army Department of the East​
1872 – 1882: Major General of United States Army​
1872–1876: Commander United States Army Department of the South​
1876: Commander of United States Army, Department of California​
1876 – 1882: Commander United States Army, Division of the Pacific​
1876 – 1882: Member of the Prison Board for United States Army​
1882: Retired from Active Service in United States Army on Oct. 15th

Died: May 4, 1885

Place of Death: San Francisco, California

Cause of Death: Heart Attack

Age at time of Death: 66 years old

Burial Place: San Francisco National Cemetery, San Francisco, California
 
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