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May 16, 1868 Pres. Johnson Acquitted on Charge Contained in Article XI of Articles of Impeachment

Discussion in 'Post Civil War History, The Reconstruction Period' started by Pat Young, May 16, 2018.

  1. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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    150 years ago today, the Senate voted on whether President Andrew Johnson was guilty as charged in Article XI of the Articles of Impeachment. The president was acquitted by one vote. The vote on the other articles would be taken up later.

    Here is the article that was voted on.

    ARTICLE XI.

    That said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, unmindful of the high duties of his office, and of his oath of office, and in disregard of the Constitution and laws of the United States, did, heretofore, to wit, on the eighteenth day of August, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-six, at the City of Washington, and the District of Columbia, by public speech, declare and affirm, in substance, that the thirty-ninth Congress of the United States was not a Congress of the United States authorized by the Constitution to exercise legislative power under the same. but, on the contrary, was a Congress of only part of the States, thereby denying, and intending to deny, that the legislation of said Congress was valid or obligatory upon him, the said Andrew Johnson, except in so far as he saw fit to approve the same, and also thereby denying, and intending to deny, the power of the said thirty-ninth Congress to .propose amendments to the Constitution of the United States; and, in pursuance of said declaration, the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, afterwards, to-wit, on the twenty first day of February, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, did, unlawfully, and in disregard of the requirements of the Constitution that he should take care that the laws be faithfully executed, attempt to prevent the execution of an act entitled "An act regulating the tenure of certain civil offices," passed March second, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, by unlawfully devising and contriving, and attempting to devise and contrive means by which he should prevent Edwin M. Stanton from forthwith resuming the functions of the office of Secretary for the Department of War, notwithstanding the refusal of the Senate to concur in the suspension theretofore made by said Andrew Johnson of said Edwin M. Stanton from said office of Secretary for the Department of War; and, also, by further unlawfully devising and contriving, and attempting to devise and contrive means, then and there, to prevent the execution of an act entitled "An act making appropriations for the support of the army for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, and for other purposes," approved March second, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven; and also, to prevent the execution of an act entitled "An act to provide for the more efficient government of the rebel States," passed March second, eighteen hundred and sixty-seven, whereby the said Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, did then, to wit, on the twentyfirst day of February, A. D. eighteen hundred and sixty-eight, at the city of Washington, commit, and was guilty of, a high misdemeanor in office.
     
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  3. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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    This is how the NY Times reported the story on May 17, 1868:

    may16A.JPG
     
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  4. Pat Young

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  5. Pat Young

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    Senator Ross was the so-called undecided vote that became the object of attention.

    may16C.JPG
     
  6. Pat Young

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  7. Pat Young

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  8. Pat Young

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  10. wausaubob

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    1. A number of them were sick. There had to have been a better way to make Senators earlier in their life spans.
    2. Was the voting by alphabetical order of the Senators' names? Were there Senators further down the list that could have voted for acquital?
     
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  11. Pat Young

    Pat Young Brev. Brig. Gen'l Forum Host Featured Book Reviewer

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    I noticed illness being brought up a lot.
     
  12. Pat Young

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    Now comes the roll call:

    may16H.JPG
     
  13. Pat Young

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  14. Pat Young

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  15. Pat Young

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  16. Pat Young

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  17. wausaubob

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    My guess is that the had two more not guilty votes had they needed them.
     
  18. Pat Young

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  19. Pat Young

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    Here was the final count on Article XI:

    may16P.JPG
     
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  20. Pat Young

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  21. Pat Young

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    They were called alphabetically. I don't know if they had an "ace in the hole."
     

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