On this day in Civil War history
Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
March 19, 1817 - Lewis Henry Little, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Baltimore, MD. (d. 1862)
March 19, 1819 - David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
March 19, 1821 - Francis Barretto Spinola, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Old Field, New York (d. 1891)
March 19, 1837 - Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lincoln County, NC. (d. 1919)
March 19, 1861 - Fort Clark, TX, is abandoned by the Union forces.
March 19, 1861 - Fort Inge, TX, is abandoned by the Union forces.
March 19, 1861 - Fort Lancaster, TX, is abandoned by the Union forces.
March 19, 1862 - Following more than $10,000 in renovations, Ford's Theater reopens for business (Ford's Athenaeum was the name at the time)
March 19, 1862 - Samuel Jones, C.S.A., is appointed Maj. Gen.
March 19, 1862 - Daniel Phineas Woodbury, USA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
March 19, 1862 - Federal expedition from Camp Latham to Owen's River, CA, with skirmish with Indians (Apr 9) near Bishop's Creek, in the Owen's River Valley, California. (Mar 19-Apr 28)
March 19, 1862 - Col. W.S. Dilworth, CSA, is assigned to the command of the Dept. of Florida, vice Trapier, is ordered to Alabama.
March 19, 1862 - Federal expedition to Carthage, MO, by Lieut. Col. Powell Clayton, 5th KS Cavalry. (Mar 19-20)
March 19, 1862 - Federal operations in Johnson County, MO, by Brig. Gen. James Totten, USA. (Mar 19-23)
March 19, 1862 - Brig. Gen. Joseph R. Anderson, CSA, supersedes Brig. Gen. Richard C. Gatlin, CSA, in the command of the Confederate Dept. of North Carolina.
March 19, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance on May River, SC. (Mar 19-24)
March 19, 1862 - Skirmish at Strasburg, VA; Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson, CSA, causes a Federal retreat, by Brig. Gen. James Shields, USA.
March 19, 1862 - Skirmish at Elk Mountain, WV.
March 19, 1863 - The Albatross and the Hartford become the first federal ships to pass the garrison at Vicksburg, MS.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish on Frog Bayou, AR, with a small Union reconnoitering party besting the Rebel forces.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Hazel Green, KY.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Mount Sterling, KY.
March 19, 1863 - Reconnaissance to False River, LA.
March 19, 1863 - The passage of the Grand Gulf, MS, batteries by the Union gunboats, USS Hartford and the USS Monongahela.
March 19, 1863 - Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
March 19, 1863 - Federal scout toward Doniphan, MO. (Mar 19-23)
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish near College Grove, TN.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Liberty, TN, with attack on a Union forage train.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Richland Station, TN.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish at Spring Hill, TN, with Brig. Gen. Earl Van Dorn, CSA.
March 19, 1863 - Skirmish near Winchester, VA.
March 19, 1863 - Maj. Gen. John G. Parke, USA, assumes the command of the 9th US Army Corps, at Newport News, VA, with Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, as his superior.
March 19, 1863 - The 1st and 2nd Divisions, 9th US Army Corps, embark at Newport News, VA, for the Dept. of the Ohio, arriving at Bardstown and Lexington, KY via railroad cars through Pennsylvania and Ohio. The 3rd Division left Newport News, VA, for Suffolk, VA. (Mar 19-26)
March 19, 1864 - Federal expedition from Rolling Prairie to Batesville, AR, with skirmishes, where the Confederates suffer about 50 casualties, with loss of horses, etc. (Mar 19-Apr 4)
March 19, 1864 - Skirmish with Indians on the Eel River, CA, where the Yankees kill 2 Indian men and capture 2 Indian women.
March 19, 1864 - Skirmish on the Cumberland River, KY, with Brig. Gen. Edward H. Hobson, USA, with the loss of life on both sides.
March 19, 1864 - Skirmish at Black Bayou, LA, the Red River (LA) Campaign.
Federal scout from Lexington, toward Jackson, MO, and encounters with guerrillas and bushwackers. (Mar 19-22)
March 19, 1864 - Skirmish at Beersheba Springs, TN.
March 19, 1864 - Union attack on Laredo, TX. Even though the Federals have superior rifles, the Texans barricade the town and force a Union withdrawal.
March 19, 1864 - Federal scout to Salem and Orleans, VA, where Lieut. Col. John S. Mosby, CSA, punishes the Yankees for coming into Mosby's Confederacy.
March 19, 1865 - March 21, 1865 - Battle of Bentonville - William Hardee, D. H. Hill and A. P. Stewart combine to attack Slocum's wing on the federal advance. In spite of initial gains they are repulsed. Sherman reinforces Slocum on the second day and Slocum nearly enveloped the Confederate forces on the third day.
March 19, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
March 19, 1865 - Brig. Gen. Thomas Kilby Smith, USA, assumes the command of the District of South Alabama, the Mobile, AL, Campaign.
March 19, 1865 - Skirmishes at Welaka and Saunders, FL.
March 19, 1865 - Federal scout from Warrensburg to Columbus, MO, with skirmish with guerrillas near Greenton. (Mar 19-23)
March 19, 1865 - Skirmish at the Neuse River Bridge, near Goldsborough, NC.
March 19, 1865 - Skirmishes at and near Cox's Bridge, Neuse River, near Goldsborough, NC, with Maj Gen. John M Schofield's, USA, column of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's, USA, Army, which is Marching towards Goldsborough, NC. (Mar 19-20)
March 19, 1865 - Skirmish at Celina, TN.